Exploration of the Long-Term Antecedents of Diversity Training

  • School: Nottingham Business School
  • Starting: 2019
  • Funding: UK student / EU student (non-UK) / International student (non-EU) / Self-funded


Discrimination on the basis of age, gender, ethnicity and other factors is still a major organisational issue. The challenge for organisations is to develop strategies that would enable organisations to address the changing employment relationships (Ehrke, Berthold and Steffens, 2014). Although diversity training is key method in addressing those challenges and developing individual skills (Pendry, Driscoll and Field, 2007), evidence suggests that current training activities fails to deliver change at organisational and individual level (Tomlinson and Schwabenland, 2010). However research on diversity training is disappointing, particularly around the long-term outcomes of diversity training at organisational level (Alhejji et al., 2016). It is upon this backdrop that the project aims to fulfil this knowledge gap by exploring the impacts of diversity training at organisational level. Of course organization-level outcome is complex theoretically and methodologically because of the need to establish causality. Nevertheless, the project aims to address those challenges by exploring the outcome of diversity training at organisational level and how long the outcomes of diversity training will be evident or observable. It offers the opportunity to create critical framework by providing the ‘badly needed credibility and value of diversity training’ (Combs and Luthans, 2007:115) and provide a more rigorously explore diversity-training outcomes in a multiplicity of contexts, including different organizational types, sectors and categories of employees.


A longitudinal survey is required to explore the effect of investment in diversity training and develop a robust framework on organisational outcomes. The measurement of diversity-training outcomes by simply asking participants does not capture the complex effects of diversity training at different levels within the organisation (Alhejji et al., 2016). Thus, the project aims to collect data from both participants and managers.


Alhejji, H., Garavan, Th., Carbery, R., O’Brien, F. and McGuire, D. (2016) Diversity Training Programme Outcomes: A Systematic Review. Human Resource Development Quarterly, Vol.27 No. 1, pp.95–149.

Combs, G. & Luthans, F. (2007), “Diversity training: Analysis of the impact of self-efficacy”, Human Resource Development Quarterly, Vol.18 No.1, pp.91-120.

Ehrke, F., Berthold, A. & Steffens, M.C. (2014), “How diversity training can change attitudes: Increasing perceived complexity of superordinate groups to improve intergroup relations”, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol.53 No.1, pp.193-206.

Pendry, L., Driscoll, D. & Field, C. (2007), “Diversity training: Putting theory into practice”, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol.80 No.1, pp.227-50.

Tomlinson, F. and Schwabenland, C. (2010) Reconciling competing discourses of diversity? The UK non-profit sector between social justice and the business case. Organisation, 17(1), pp.101-121.


Dr Stefanos Nachmias

Entry qualifications

An applicant for admission to read for a PhD should normally hold a first or upper second class honours degree of a UK university or an equivalent qualification, or a lower second class honours degree with a Master's degree at Merit level of a UK university or an equivalent qualification.

International students will also need to meet the English language requirements - IELTS 6.5 (with minimum sub-scores of 6.0). Applicants who have taken a higher degree at a UK university are normally exempt from the English language requirements. A research proposal (between 1,000 and a maximum of 2,000 words) must be submitted as part of the application.

For more information please visit the NTU Doctoral School – Research Degrees webpages.

How to apply

Applications are accepted all year round.

Download an application form here.
Please make sure you take a look at our application guidance notes before making your application.

Further information on how to apply can be found on this page.

For informal enquiries about this project, please email Stefanos Nachmias.

Fees and funding

This is a self-funded PhD opportunity.

Guidance and support

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Dr Stefanos Nachmias