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A Human-Centric Approach to Transport Electrification

  • School: School of Science and Technology
  • Study mode(s): Full-time / Part-time
  • Starting: 2023
  • Funding: UK student / EU student (non-UK) / International student (non-EU) / Fully-funded


NTU's Fully-funded PhD Studentship Scheme 2023

Project ID: S&T20

After promising progress in the decarbonization of the energy sector, transport is now one of the most pollutant sectors that attracted urgent attention. Electric-Vehicles (EVs) are known as a potential solution to cope with the environmental effects of the transport sector, which is an energy-intensive sector worldwide with a significant impact on the emission of pollutants. The EVs can offer new opportunities for both the public sector and the consumers if they are integrated and managed in a smart way. Battery-Electric-Vehicles (BEVs) are expected to be the most common way to decarbonise cars/vans and for this purpose, the mass EV deployment is now considered a game changer such that more than 35 million electric cars/vans will be estimated to be used in the UK by 2040 which highlights the importance of smart EV charging systems.

A smart EV charging system considers the best time to charge a vehicle based on current prices, forecasts of future prices, and renewable generation availability. It will also enable consumers to participate in providing services to the energy network. But, depending on the type of charger used, its accessibility, and its location, charging costs could be inequitable between different consumer segments. So, the transition to an electrified transport system must be handled with care to ensure a fair transition and affordable access to charging infrastructure. To ensure consumer fairness, we need to have new policies and regulations designed by considering human factors.

Considering such a high number of new electric cars/vans, it is clear that a huge amount of users will interact with the electrical systems which call for a deeper study on the modeling of human factors of transport electrification and specifically for mass deployment that can be used in the future studies and mechanism designs. So, a human-centric approach to transport electrification and EV integration is urgently needed, to consider the user experience and behavior, as well as the roles of energy communities, technology, economic, and policy aspects.

This project is inspired by the aforementioned challenges in transport electrification in the transition toward Net-Zero Carbon. The main steps of the work are as follows:

  1. A systematic survey on transport electrification trends and factors affecting user experience/satisfaction;
  1. Framework design for analysis of human factors in mass deployment of EVs;
  1. Exploring the design parameters for EV user behavior in smart charging scenarios;
  2. Design and evolution of transport electrification considering human factors.

Supervisory Team:

Vahid Vahidinasab, Senior Lecturer in Electrical Engineering, DoE

Zohreh Zakeri, Lecturer in Electronics and Human Factors Engineering, DoE

Jamshid Aghaei, Professor of Smart Grids, LUT University, Finland

Entry qualifications

For the eligibility criteria, visit our studentship application page.

How to apply

To make an application, please visit our studentship application page.

Fees and funding

This is part of NTU's 2023 fully-funded PhD Studentship Scheme.

Guidance and support

Application guidance can be found on our studentship application page.

Still need help?

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