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Understanding and explaining hate crime on public transport SSS9

  • School: School of Social Sciences
  • Study mode(s): Full-time / Part-time
  • Starting: 2022
  • Funding: UK student / EU student (non-UK) / International student (non-EU) / Fully-funded


NTU's Fully-funded PhD Studentship Scheme 2022

Project ID: SSS9

This studentship seeks to understand victims’ experiences of hate crime on public transport such as buses, trams and trains. It will support public transport operators, local authorities, police forces and British Transport Police (BTP) with recommendations for tackling this problem.

Hate crime refers to criminal offences that are perceived by the victim, or any other person, as being motivated by prejudice or hate towards an individual because of their identity. Criminal justice agencies in England and Wales are required to monitor five strands of hate crime, also referred to as ‘protected characteristics’: race, religion, sexual orientation, disability and transgender identity. The Government’s Hate Crime Action Plan 2016, and its update in 2018, contains a number of commitments to tackle hate crime on public transport. These include:

  • The Department for Transport committing, in the July 2018 Inclusive Transport Strategy, to run a public awareness raising campaign to increase disability awareness amongst all transport passengers: and
  • Working with local transport providers to ensure that bus drivers across England and Wales are fully equipped to challenge hate, including new guidance to support them.

The proposed project will examine the effectiveness of the government’s strategies for tackling hate crime on public transport. Furthermore, the proposed project will not focus solely upon the five strands of victim identity (namely, race, religion, disability, sexual orientation and transgender status) which are monitored by criminal justice agencies, but also examine hate crimes/incidents suffered on public transport by other groups (such as misogyny towards women or attacks against goths), whose experiences are often overlooked by academics, policy-makers and practitioners. In this regard, the study will use a broad and inclusive definition of hate crime to capture the experiences of individuals from any background, who feel that they had been victimised because of their identity or perceived ‘difference’. This framework is important because it allows to expand upon the range of victim groups and experiences typically covered within conventional studies of hate crime, employs intersectionality (in order to examine the relationship between victims’ different aspects of identity) and gives a voice to victims who tend to be ‘invisible’ within academic research and official policy.

We welcome proposals that use qualitative or quantitative approaches, although would particularly welcome mixed method approaches to address this challenge.

School strategic research priority

This aligns with the Centre for Crime and Offending Prevention and Engagement (COPE) and the Centre for Behavioural Research Methods. It also aligns with the University theme, Safety and Security of Citizens and Society

Entry qualifications

For the eligibility criteria, visit our studentship application page.

How to apply

For guidance and to make an application, please visit our studentship application page. The application deadline is Friday 14 January 2022.

Fees and funding

This is part of NTU's 2022 fully-funded PhD Studentship Scheme.

Guidance and support

Download our full applicant guidance notes for more information.

Still need help?

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