Veterinary Nursing student

Animal Equine and Veterinary Nursing

Group
  • Unit(s) of assessment: Geography, Environmental Studies and Archaeology
  • School: School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences

Overview

Research carried out by the Animal, Equine and Veterinary Nursing academic team focuses on human-animal interactions in areas including:

  • animal health and welfare
  • species reintroduction
  • equestrian sports
  • canine performance.

Research at ARES (Animal, Equine and Veterinary Nursing) contributes to the REF 2014 submission (Unit of Assessment C17: Geography, Environmental Studies and Archaeology) under the themes of biodiversity conservation and sustainable environments of managed animals. REF Unit of Assessment C17.

The ARES team includes specialists in:

  • animal nutrition and feeding behaviour
  • parasitology
  • reproductive physiology
  • animal cognition and perception
  • equestrian sports performance.

The research carried out is recognised both nationally and internationally and involves collaboration with a number of different institutions, as well as other departments within NTU. Projects have been developed with colleagues in Psychology, Sports Science, Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Computing and Informatics, Chemistry, Engineering and Physics.

All work in the School aims to improve the conditions and welfare of animals. Researchers collaborate with a variety of external organisations both nationally and internationally.

Support and funding for research in this area has been provided by a number of research councils and external companies (including the EPSRC, BBSRC and the animal feed industry). Results have been presented at recent meetings of the:

  • British Society of Animal Science
  • British Equine Veterinary Association
  • International Society for Equitation Science
  • International Society for Applied Ethology
  • European Association for Animal Production
  • European Workshop on Equine Nutrition
  • European Zoo Nutrition Symposium
  • World Poultry Science Association (UK Branch Annual Meeting).

Research carried out by a member of the academic team was also included in the RAE 2008 submission (Unit 44: Psychology) the results of which identified the research as being of national and international significance.

Research at the School is carried out at Brackenhurst campus and at a number of different national and international sites (including South Africa, Mauritius, the USA and Canada). Resources include a purpose built equestrian centre and animal unit and a range of equipment. This includes a state of the art Racewood horse simulator, Dartfish, Tekscan, Biopac, Observer, remote and mobile eye tracking equipment, infrared thermal cameras and heart rate monitoring equipment.

Investment in laboratory infrastructure over the past eight years has resulted in new laboratory facilities including:

  • histology suite
  • updated wet chemistry lab
  • GC and HPLC chromatography and data handling systems
  • rapid microbiological testing equipment
  • advanced colony counter for microbiological analysis
  • ion chromatography unit for water and sugar analysis
  • a Real Time PCR block.

Both specialist support labs such as the poultry research lab adjacent to the University's poultry unit and centrally maintained facilities such as electron microscopy suites or general chemistry labs (supporting protein, amino acid and elemental analysis) are also available within the School.

Collaboration

Behavioural profiling for species reintroduction strategies

Carnivore nutrition

Environmental Pollutants, Reproductive Health and Fertility

Poultry research

Equine research

Canine performance

Publications

Behavioural profiling for species reintroduction strategies

Identifying sources of spatial overlap between urban carnivores: implications for endangered San Joaquin Kit Foxes (Vulpes macrotis mutica). Harrison SWR, Cypher BL, Bremner-Harrison S, Van Horn Job C, Urban Ecosystems, 2011, 14 (2), 303-311.

A novel system for the capture and immobilization of striped skunks. Harrison SWR, Cypher BL and Brown AD,Transaction of the Western Section of the Wildlife Society, 2007, 46, 56-62.

Development of a single-sampling non-invasive hair snare. Bremner-Harrison S, Harrison SWR, Cypher BL, Murdoch JD, Maldonado JE and Darden SK, Wildlife Society Bulletin, 2006, 34, 456-461.

Possible control of introduced giant African land snails (Achatina spp.) by the reintroduced endemic skink Leiolopisma telfairii, Ile aux Aigrettes, Mauritius. Copsey J, Shelbourne G, Grice R, Goder M, Buckland S, Jhumka Z, Nundlaul V, Jones C. & Cole N, Manag. Biolog. Invasions, 2011, 2.

Carnivore nutrition

WHITEHOUSE-TEDD, K.M., CAVE, N.J., UGARTE, C.E., WALDRON, L.A., PRASAIN, J.K., ARABSHAHI, A., BARNES, S. and THOMAS, D.G., 2011. Dietary isoflavone absorption, excretion, and metabolism in captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 42 (4), pp. 658-670.

DEPAUW, S., HESTA, M., WHITEHOUSE-TEDD, K., VANHAECKE, L., VERBRUGGHE, A. and JANSSENS, G.P., 2011.Animal fibre: the forgotten nutrient in strict carnivores? First insights in the cheetah. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition.

DEPAUW, S., HESTA, M., WHITEHOUSE-TEDD, K., STAGEGAARD, J., BUYSE, J. and JANSSENS, G.P., 2011. Blood values of adult captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) fed either supplemented beef or whole rabbit carcasses. Zoo Biology.

BELL, K.M., VAN ZYL, M., UGARTE, C.E. and HARTMAN, A., 2011. Bilateral carpal valgus deformity in hand-reared cheetah cubs (Acinonyx jubatus) . Zoo Biology, 30 (2), pp. 199-204.

BELL, K.M., RUTHERFURD, S.M., COTTAM, Y.H. and HENDRIKS, W.H., 2011. Evaluation of two milk replacers fed to hand-reared cheetah cubs (Acinonyx jubatus): nutrient composition, apparent total tract digestibility, and comparison to maternal cheetah milk. Zoo Biology, 30 (4), pp. 412-426.

BELL, K.M., RUTHERFURD, S.M. and HENDRIKS, W.H., 2010. Exposure of growing and adult captive cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) to dietary isoflavones: twenty years later. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 94 (6), p. E329-E338.

Poultry research

Seed selection behaviour of budgerigars fed diets including varying amounts of sunflower seed. Mucherek-Parramore I and Burton E, Recent advances in animal welfare science III, 21 June 2012, York

The effects of dietary supplementation of mannan oligosaccharides on the intestinal morphology of broilers. Frith L, Lea, H and Burton E, World's Poultry Science Association (UK branch) Oral Presentation Annual Meeting 24-25 April 2012, Nottingham

Optimum methodology for determining broiler gastrointestinal pH, Morgan NK, Walk C, Bedford M, and Burton EJ,World's Poultry Science Association (UK branch), Oral Presentation Annual Meeting 24-25 April 2012, Nottingham

Potential for alcohol co-products from potable and bioethanol sources as protein sources in poultry diets. Scholey D, Williams P and Burton E, British Poultry Science Abstracts, 2011, 7 (1), 57-58

Comparison of digesta collection methods for amino acid digestibility measurements in broilers. Dilley H and Burton E, British Poultry Science Abstracts, 2011, 7 (1), 67-68

Efficacy of a novel form of dietary silicon supplement in reducing lameness in poultry. Short F, Burton E, Belton D, Mann G and Perry C, British Poultry Science Abstracts, 2011, 7 (1), 2-3

The effects of dietary trypsin inhibitor content on digesta viscosity and excreta moisture content in broilers. Clarke E and Wiseman J, British Poultry Science Abstracts, 2010, 6 (1), 28

The production of a high concentration yeast protein concentrate co- product from a bioethanol refinery. Wlliams P, Clarke E and Scholey D, Proceedings of the 17th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, Edinburgh, UK, 2009, 326

Equine research

C. L. White and L. N. Birkbeck (Due to be published April 2013) A preliminary investigation into the effects of jumping saddle design on rider posture. In: Performance Analysis of Sport IX (Editors: Derek Peters and Peter O'Donoghue). Routledge.

Hall, C., Huws, N., White, C., Taylor, E., Owen, H. and McGreevy, P. (In press) Assessment of ridden horse behaviour. Journal of Veterinary Behavior.

Murphy, J., Hall, C.A. and Arkins, S. (2009) What horses and humans see: A comparative review. International Journal of Zoology (available online).

Hall, C., Liley, C., Murphy, J. and Crundall, D. (2009) The relationship between visual memory and rider experience in a show-jumping context. The Veterinary Journal. 181. 29-33.

Hall, C.A., Goodwin, D., Heleski, C., Randle, H. and Waran, N. (2008) Is there evidence of learned helplessness in horses? Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. 11. 249-266.

International projects

A Plastic Survey of Blue Bay and Pointe D'Esny, Mauritius. Shelbourne G & Ray N, 2013 (Submitted and awaiting publication

Possible control of introduced giant African land snails (Achatina spp.) by the reintroduced endemic skink Leiolopisma telfairii, Ile aux Aigrettes, Mauritius. Copsey J, Shelbourne G, Grice R, Goder M, Buckland S, Jhumka Z, Nundlaul V, Jones C. & Cole N, Manag. Biolog. Invasions, 2011, 2

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