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Bernadette Devilat

Research Fellow

School of Architecture Design and the Built Environment

Staff Group(s)
Architecture

Role

Dr Devilat is developing research and collaborating in projects at the Centre for Architecture, Urbanism and Global Heritage mainly in the application of 3D laser scanning as a research method. She has used this method before for recording, analysing and intervening built heritage in her PhD, with a further application for designing in her previous architectural practice and teaching. She has also explored a range of visual outcomes such as images, sections, videos and 3D printed models, exhibited internationally.

Career overview

Dr Devilat is PhD in Architectural Design from the Bartlett School of Architecture, University College London (UCL), practising architect and Master in Architecture from the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, with teaching experience at those universities.

Improving heritage intervention in post-disaster recovery efforts have driven her academic career thus far, which started after the 2005 earthquake in Tarapacá, Chile, when she co-founded the Tarapacá Project. She teamed up with colleagues and locals to build a re-construction prototype used as a Community Library; and developed housing strategies via her MA. She applied her approach in similar heritage areas after the 2010 earthquake in Chile during her work at the Heritage Reconstruction Programme of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Development. Dr Devilat is also the co-founder of DLA Scan Architectural Studio.

Before joining NTU, in 2016, she created and led BScan, a 3D-laser-scanning teaching cluster at the Bartlett School of Architecture UCL, focusing on representation and digital preservation. She is a member of professional associations, peer-reviewer for the Journal of Housing and the Built Environment and has obtained funding and scholarships to carry out her research. Dr Devilat has presented her research as a guest speaker in several seminars, presented papers at International Conferences, published in journals, books, and exhibited internationally.

Research areas

Dr Devilat’s research interests have evolved into novel ways of applying accurate recording technologies to preserve built heritage at risk, focusing on post-earthquake heritage areas in Chile.

In her PhD, she created inventive uses of technologies in response to the constant risk of destruction for three heritage areas in Chile affected by high-magnitude earthquakes in 2005 and 2010. Using terrestrial 3D-laser-scanning (LiDAR), she introduced an in-depth understanding of contextual information—social, spatial and architectural—to improve post-earthquake recovery and resilience, and developed alternative re-construction design strategies. She studied how heritage areas of Chile have been adapting to earthquakes, also analysing the transformation of some of its monuments over time and exploiting the role of the digital record in the context of technological advances, rooted in the international debate about heritage conservation. Her PhD visual work has been awarded twice and exhibited several times internationally.

In her architectural practice, she developed a remote architectural design for a house in Chile based on 3D laser scanning of the site, exploring this method as a new form of architectural representation, which has been exhibited and published. Dr Devilat has also used these methods to document several buildings in London while training students, exploring its role as digital versions that can last longer than the physical constructions, which is especially relevant for heritage at risk of damage or destruction such as in the case of earthquakes.

External activity

Current membership of professional bodies

2020- to-date: Membership in the Association of Critical Heritage Studies. ID: 5e398ef3016bdc235f3bb7e8

2018-to-date: Membership in the Society of Architectural Historians SAH. Registration number: 90011268.

2008-to date: Registered Architect. College of Chilean Architects. Registration number: I.C.A: 9961.

Peer-reviewer in journals

2018-to date: Peer-reviewer of the Journal of Housing and the Built Environment. Springer Nature.

Awards and distinctions

2015: Winning entry of UCL Transformations Competition, resulting in a solo exhibition at UCL of the PhD research for a year (June 2015 to June 2016).

2014:  Institute of Making Award for 3D printing and material bursary, UCL. March 2014.

2013: Michal Lyons Award for the Best Paper at the 6th Int. i-rec Conference. Ascona, May 2013

2012: Bartlett/Leverhulme Mentorship Award. The Bartlett School of Architecture UCL.

2010: Honourable mention in Santiago de Compostela Award of Urban Cooperation 2010, in collaboration with Tarapacá Project and MINVU.

2010: National Contest of Final Career Projects: “Hot Architecture” (exhibited at Chilean Biennale 2010).

2010: Library in Tarapacá at the Architecture Biennale of Chile 2010 and the Chilean Pavilion in Expo Shanghai.

2010: Tarapacá Project exhibition at the Chilean Pavilion of the Venice Biennale 2010.

Sponsors and collaborators

Relevant funding obtained

2019: SAH Opler Membership Grant, covering the membership for the Society of Architectural Historians for one year.

2017: Conference Fund Grant for exhibiting work and presenting a paper at the ‘Drawing Millions of Plans’ Conference. KADK, Copenhagen.

2014: Grant awarded by the British Council for a one-month residency/research fellowship at British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale 2014. November 2014.

2011-2016: BECA CHILE Scholarship, number 72100578. ANID Chile. Full funding for PhD research.

2007: ALFA mobility Scholarship for a six-months residency at Hogeschool Voor Wetenschap & Kunst. Brussels, Belgium.

Publications

ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2679-9629. Most publications also available at: http://bit.ly/1VYbK22

Peer-reviewed scientific journals

2014: Devilat, B. ‘3D Laser Scanning of Heritage Areas after Earthquakes’. In: Opticon1826(16):12, July 2014, pp. 1-4. Index: Open Journal Systems. Citations by others: 1. DOI: http:// dx.doi.org/10.5334/opt.cc

2013: Devilat, B.’Beyond the Appearance of Heritage: reconstruction of historic areas affected by earthquakes in Chile’.In: Archnet-IJAR (International Journal of Architectural Research) 7(3)- Special Issue on Post-Disaster Reconstruction. Guests editors: Dr Jason von Meding, Dr Jamie Mackee & Dr Thayaparan Gajendran. Archnet, MIT, pp. 24-39. Scopus index. Citations by others: 6. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v7i3.47

2010: Devilat, B.‘Re_construcción de la vivienda en poblados patrimoniales. Propuesta para San Lorenzo de Tarapacá, Chile’. In: Arquitecturas del SurNº 37. Universityof Bio-Bío. Concepción, Chile. August 2010, pp. 24-39. Indexes: WOS, Avery Index, Qualis/Capes B2, Latindex, - Dialnet, Doaj, Redib, Rebiun, Ebsco, Open Archives Initiative, JournalTocs, ARLA.

2007: Devilat, B., Bravo, S., Illanes, V., Kramm, F., Silva, Á and Spörke, N. ’Prototipo Proyecto Tarapacá: unapropuesta para la reconstrucción de la vivienda en pobladospatrimoniales’ (Tarapaca Project Prototype: a proposalforthe housing reconstructionofheritagevillages). In: Revista C/A. (130): 32-35. Santiago, Chile. June-July 2007. ISSN: 0716-3622. Index: ARLA.

2007: Devilat, B. ‘Notas para una visión patrimonial del Hospital San Juan de Dios. Punto de inflexión en la arquitecturahospitalariamoderna en Chile’ (Notes for a heritagevisionofthe San Juan de Dios Hospital. Inflection point in modern architecture of Hospitals in Chile)’. In: Special Edition Magazine Cuadernos de Arquitectura. II National Seminar DOCOMOMO Chile. Challenges of Modern Heritage. Catholic University of the North and PUC. Antofagasta, Chile. 2007, pp. 100-103. ISSN: 0717-053X. Index: ARLA. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4784.5603

Other journal articles

2018: Devilat, B and Lanuza, F. ‘3D Scan House’. In: InForma, ‘Hybrid Realities’- ‘RealidadesHíbridas’ (11): 110-114. Autumn. School of Architecture, University of Puerto Rico. November 2018. e-ISSN: 2637–7950.

2014: Devilat, B. ’Re-construction and record: exploring alternatives for heritage areas after earthquakes in Chile’ In: Lobby. Nº 1/ Autumn 2014: Un/Spectacle. The Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL, UK, pp. 87-89.

Double-blind peer-reviewed conference proceedings

2019: Devilat, B. ‘3D Laser Scanning Built Heritage: St Boniface´s Church as a Teaching Experience.’ In: Greenop, K. and Landorf, C. (eds.). Proceedings of digital cultural heritage: FUTURE VISIONS London Symposium. Brisbane: Centre for Architecture Theory Criticism History. April 2019, pp. 18-38. ISBN: 978-0-646-99572-4

2016: Devilat, B. ‘Recording of Heritage Buildings: From measured drawing to 3D Laser Scanning’. Paper presented at the Conference and published as a book chapter in: Allen, L. and Pearson, L. (eds.). Drawing Futures. Speculations in Contemporary Drawing for Art and Architecture. The Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL. 11th-12th November 2016. London: UCL Press, pp. 236-240. ISBN: 978-1-911307-26-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14324/111.9781911307266.

2014: Devilat, B. and Gage, S. ‘The Role of the Record and the Paradox of the Original. Implications for the re-construction of historic buildings affected by earthquakes in Chile’.In: N. Gu (et. al.) (eds.), Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia, Kyoto, Japan. 14th-17th May 2014, pp. 317-326. ISBN: 978-988-19026-5-8. Indexes: Scopus-Elsevier.

Peer-reviewed conference proceedings

2018: Devilat, B. ‘Tracing back architectural spaces using the 3D laser scanning of ruins’. Abstract of paper presented at the4th International Conference on Science and Engineering in Arts, Heritage and Archaeology (SEAHA).London, UK. 4th-6th June 2018, pp. 22-23.

2017: Devilat, B. and Lanuza, F. ‘Drawing (on) the context: scanning, designing, building’.Abstract of paper presented at theDrawing millions of plans Conference. KADK, Copenhagen. 1st-3rd November 2017 (to be published as a book chapter), pp. 100-117.

2015: Devilat, B. ‘What do people think? Inhabitants’ perception of reconstruction in Chilean historical areas affected by earthquakes’. Paper presented at the 7th International i-rec Conference: Reconstruction and Recovery in Urban Contexts. University College London, UK. 6th-8th July 2015, pp. 1-9.

2014: Devilat, B. ‘Re-Construction and Record: Exploring Alternatives for Heritage Areas after Earthquakes in Chile’. PhD Research Projects Conference 2014. The Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL, UK. Issuu. 25th February 2014, pp. 8-9.

2013: Devilat, B. ‘3D laser scanning for recording heritage areas in post-earthquake re-construction. The cases of Lolol and Zúñiga in Chile.’ In: VI AISU Congress.VisibileInvisibile. Percepire la città tradescrizioni e omissioni. Associazione Italiana di Storia Urbana. Catania, Italy. 12- 14 September 2013. ISBN 978-88-98547-05-0. Scrimm Edizione. November 2014, pp. 2013-2024.

2013: Devilat, B. ‘Re_construction strategies on heritage villages after earthquakes. Chile: 2005, 2010, 20??’ In: Devilat, B., Lanuza, F., Sandoval, V. (eds.). Proceedings Book Encuentros 2012 Conference Paris: Knowledge for Economic and Social Development. 4th-6th July 2012. Bubokpublishing S.L., Spain. June 2013, pp. 148-161. ISBN: 978-84-686-3860-7. 2nd Edition.

2012: Devilat, B. ‘From 2005 to 2010: towards a re-construction strategy for housing in heritage areas after earthquakes in Chile’. In:Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Heritage and Sustainable Development. Green Lines Institute. Porto, Portugal. 19th-22nd June 2012, pp. 463-474. ISBN: 978-989-95671-9-1.

2012: Devilat, B. ‘Housing Re-Construction in Vernacular Settlements after Earthquakes: San Lorenzo de Tarapacá as a starting point’. In:Proceedings of the 6th International Seminar on Vernacular Settlements-ISVS: Contemporary Vernaculars: Places, Processes and Manifestations. Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, North Cyprus. 19th- 21st April 2012, pp. 265-277. ISBN: 978-975-8401-82-6.

2010: Devilat, B. ‘Estrategias proyectuales para la reconstrucción de la vivienda en poblados patrimoniales. Propuesta para San Lorenzo de Tarapacá, Chile’. In: Proceedings of the X International Congress on Rehabilitation of Architectonic Heritage and Edification.CICOP- Chile.Extension Centre, PUC. Santiago, Chile. 3rd-5th November 2010, pp. 806- 812. ISBN: 978-956-9006-00-5.

2009: Devilat, B. and Lanuza, F. ‘Representaciones ante a una desaparición: el Sanatorio Marítimo de San Juan de Dios en Viña del Mar’ (Representationsfacing a disappearance: MaritimeSanatoriumof San Juan de Dios in Viña del Mar). Proceedings of the III National Seminar DOCOMOMO Chile. Modern Heritage and City. Valparaíso, Chile. 18th-20th Nov. 2009, p. 102. ISBN: 978-956-332-242-2 (poster).

2007: Devilat, B., Bravo, S., Illanes, V., Kramm, F., Silva, Á and Spörke, N.‘Proyecto Tarapacá: Iniciativa estudiantil para la reconstrucción del patrimonio arquitectónico del Norte Grande de Chile’ (Tarapaca Project: StudentinitiativeforthereconstructionofthearchitecturalheritageoftheNorthern Chile). In: II Congress on Education, Museums and Heritage1- 2October 2007. National Historical Museum, Santiago, Chile. Library, Archives and Museums Management DIBAM, and Commission of Education and Cultural Action CECA-Chile. Santiago, Chile. December 2007, pp. 45-53. ISBN: 978-956-244-196-4.

2007: Devilat, B. and Lanuza, F. ‘Design strategies for thermal improvements in social housing. Applications in the town of San Lorenzo de Tarapacá, Chile’. In: D’Alençon, R. (Ed.), 6th International Conference on Sustainable Technologies SET 07. School of Architecture, PUC. Santiago, Chile. 5th-7th September 2007, pp. 342-347.

Edited Books

2014: Devilat, B., Wagemann, E., Brablec, D., Stuardo, M. and Soza, C. (eds.). ChileGlobal Seminars UK 2013- 2014Lulu Publishing, UK. December 2014. 112 pp. ISBN: 978-95-635-8346-5.

2013: Devilat, B., Lanuza, F., Sandoval, V. (eds.). Proceedings Book Encuentros 2012 Conference Paris: Knowledge for Economic and Social Development. 4th-6th July 2012. BubokPublishing S.L., Spain. June 2013. ISBN: 978-84-686-3860-7. 287 pp. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4817.3284

Book chapters

2020: Devilat, B. and Lanuza, F. ‘Drawing (on) the context: scanning, designing, building.’ In: Søberg, M. and Hougaard, A. (eds.), The Artful Plan.Birkhäuser, Copenhagen, April 2020, pp. 138-155. ISBN: 9783035618747

2016: Devilat, B. Chapter 13: ‘Creating systematic records through time: the destruction and reconstruction of heritage areas affected by earthquakes in Chile’. In: Campkin, B. and Duijzings, G. (eds.) Engaged Urbanism. Cities & Methodologies.UCL Urban Laboratory. University College London. I.B. Tauris: London. December 2016, pp. 117-124. ISBN: 9781786721662.

2011: Devilat, B. Chapter 4: ‘Importancia de los conjuntos patrimoniales. Vivienda y patrimoniomodesto’; (Importance of heritage areas. Housing and modest heritage), Section 5.3.1: ‘Estrategia: Concepto de intervención’ (Strategy: Intervention concept) and other paragraphs indicated. In: MINVU, Plan de reconstrucción patrimonial. Chile Unido reconstruyemejor: vivienda, barrio, ciudad (HeritageReconstruction Plan. Chile unified can rebuild better: housing neighbourhood and city). May 2011, pp. 13-14; 23; 28-29; 32.

2010: Devilat, B. ‘Estrategias proyectuales para la re_construcción de la vivienda en poblados patrimonales. Análisis y propuesta para San Lorenzo de Tarapacá, Chile’. (Design strategies for housing re_construction in heritage villages. Analysis and proposal for San Lorenzo de Tarapacá, Chile). In: Council of Culture and Arts. Haz tutesisencultura (Do your thesis in culture), National Book Competition 2009. August 2010. Cultura Editions, pp. 175-219. ISBN: 978-956-8327-62-0. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.4948.4008

2010: Devilat, B., Bravo, S., Illanes, V., Kramm, F. and Spörke, N. ‘Propuesta de Reconstrucción Patrimonial Proyecto Tarapacá’ (HeritageReconstructionproposal Tarapacá Project). In: Cortés, M. and Gray, S. (eds.) Chilean Pavilion Catalogue. 12ª ArchitectureVeniceBiennale 2010, pp. 58-63.

2008: Devilat, B.‘Heritageinterventioncriteriaappliedtoreconstructionprocesses.Studyforthe case of San Lorenzo de Tarapacá, Chile/ Criterios de intervención patrimonial aplicados a procesos de reconstrucción. Estudio para el caso de San Lorenzo de Tarapacá, Chile’. In: Schoonjans, Yves; Lievens, Williams; Corona M., Alfonso; Petric, Jelena; Vigo, Libertad; Pinheiro M., Denise (Eds.): ReadingsonArchitecture and Urban Culture in LatinAmerica and Europe/Ensayos sobresustentabilidad y patrimonio - Arquitectura y Culturas Urbanas in America Latina y Europa. PROURB, da Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL & St Lucas Architectuur, Brussels, 2008, pp. 197-226. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2130.3521

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Press expertise

  • Architecture & the Built Environment
  • Cultural Heritage