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Zhongmin Wu

Associate Professor

Nottingham Business School

Staff Group(s)
Applied Economics and Policy (Research Group)


Zhongmin is an Associate Professor in Economics. His research areas are Labour Economics, China Economy, and Applied Econometrics.

Zhongmin’s teaching responsibilities include supervising undergraduate and postgraduate dissertations. He has teaching interests in Labour Economics, Applied Econometrics, China and the Global Economy. He has designed and is delivering the China and Global Economy module. This module has sustained excellence in research-informed teaching.

Currently Zhongmin supervises five PhD students and one DBA student, with six different supervision teams. Over last five years, two PhD students and three DBA students graduated under Zhongmin’s supervision. All these five students have received their Doctor degree and are working in their new posts. Four journal articles have been published jointly as the results of the supervision.

Career overview

Zhongmin received his PhD in Economics from the University of Southampton in 2001, and PGCHE from the University of Bradford in 2006. Zhongmin become a fellow of HEA in 2014.

Before came to the UK, Zhongmin was Lecturer (1987 – 1992) and then Associate Professor (1992 – 1997) at Dongbei University of Finance and Economics. He received BSc from Jilin University in 1982, and MSc in Economics from Shanghai University of Finance and Economics in 1987.

Zhongmin was Former President of the Chinese Economic Association in the UK(2007-2008). He organised the EA (UK) 18th Annual Conference in Nottingham (April 2007) and co-organised the CEA (UK) and CCES joint international conferences in Shanghai (September 2007). Before that, Zhongmin won the Best Paper Award by the Chinese Economic Association in the UK (2003 and 2002)/

Research areas

Zhongmin’s research has focused on Labour Economics: migration, unemployment, employment, multiple job holding, self-employed and entrepreneurship, both in the UK and in China. His strength is on applied econometrics. His research mainly uses econometric analysis of panel data.

One of Zhongmin’s research was published in “Economics Letters” (ABS 3*). The key finding of this research is that that inheritance has a concave  effect on the hours worked by British male entrepreneurs. As the principal investigator and corresponding author, Zhongmin has very good experiences in dealing with the referee and the editor, Professor Eric Maskin (Nobel economics prize winner). Zhongmin, as the principal investigator and corresponding author,has published another very good research paper in the Industrial Relations Journal (ABS 3*) in 2016.

Overall Zhongmin has published 27 academic journal articles in 20 academic Journals including Economics letters, Industrial Relations Journal, Journal of Development Studies, Regional Studies, Annals of Operations Research, Applied Economics, China Economic Review, Economics of Planning, Journal of Banking Regulation, Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Journal of Economic Studies, Journal of Happiness Studies, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Strategic Change, and North American Journal of Economics and Finance. Zhongmin edited two books 'China in the World Economy' and 'Financial Sector Reform and the International Integration of China', both published by Routledge in 2009.

Currently Zhongmin is working on the following projects:

  • Does mixed ownership help labour productivity growth in China? Using both unlisted and listed company data, our paper looks at the effects of government ownership many years after partial privatisation and gives a picture of the enduring impacts of ownership reform. As such, this is a major contribution to the existing literature and has real policy implications
  • Non-performing Loan, Macroeconomic Performance, and the determinants of banking distress in Regional China. Using data from 2002 to 2011 for 31 regions in China, this paper examines the determinants of non-performing loan for regional China (with Jiang et al)
  • Greater independence, higher income, and better opportunities. This paper analyses entrepreneurship in Angola using data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (with Faria et al).
  • A comparative analysis of market shaping strategy in the Chinese electric vehicles market (with Wang et al)

External activity

  • Former President of the Chinese Economic Association in the UK (2007-2008)
  • Principal organiser of CEA (UK) 18th Annual Conference in April 2007
  • Co-organiser of CEA (UK) and CCES joint international conferences in Fudan University, Shanghai (September 2007)
  • Board member of the Chinese Economic Association in the UK
  • Editorial board member of the Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies
  • External Examiner of the thesis submitted to the University of Essex

Zhongmin has regularly presented at international conferences. For example, in September 2015 Zhongmin presented at an international conference held at Beijing University, and in September 2016 Zhongmin presented at the 27th CEA Annual conference, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany. In September 2017 Zhongmin presented in an international conference "State ownership and state-owned enterprise governance system modernization", at Jilin University, China.

On 2 September 2015, Zhongmin presented at Jilin University on "Academic research and assessment in the UK". The organiser had to change to a larger lecture room due to the popularity of the talk. Jilin University is one of top universities in China (project 985 and 211). On the 8th of September 2015, Zhongmin presented “Well-Known Scholar Lecture” at Dongbei University of Finance and Economics. The presentation was very well received and he was requested to present again on the 9th of September for all members of academic staff. On the 15th of September, Zhongmin presented “Overseas Scholar Lecture” at Shandong University, which is another one of the top universities in China (project 985 and 211).

Zhongmin has worked as Referee for various academic journals, including Applied Economics, Asian Economic papers, British Journal of Industrial Relations, Environment and Planning A, Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, Journal of Comparative Economics, Journal of Economic studies, Journal of Population Economics, Regional Studies, Small Business Economics, World Development, and World Economy.

Sponsors and collaborators

As a NTU employee, Zhongmin has developed strong collaborations and published jointly with 12 other HEIs and relevant bodies.

Zhongmin has collaborated in research initiatives and published jointly with other researchers within NTU.

Zhongmin has secured research income for “The Impact of Migrants’ Remittances on Consumption and Savings in Rural China” from British Academy for £7,497 (with Professor Yu Zhu, University of Kent, 2007-2009), and has published two research papers from this financial support.


Atherton, A., Li, Z., Wu, Z., and Teng, W. 2021 Private jobs and collective employment in China. Strategic Change, 30(6), 539-549.

Wu, D., and Wu, Z. 2021 Firm Performance, Government Regulation and Managerial Effort: Evidence from China. Strategic Change, 30(6), 527-537.

Charles, A., Wu, D. and Wu, Z., 2019. Economic Shocks on Subjective Well-Being: Re-assessing the Determinants of Life-Satisfaction After the 2008 Financial Crisis. Journal of Happiness Studies. 20 (4), 1041-1055

Atherton, A., Wu, D. and Wu, Z., 2018. Self-exploitation or successful entrepreneurship? The effects of personal capital on variable outcomes from self-employment. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development. 25 (6), 866-885

Jiang, B., Philp, B. and Wu, Z., 2018. Macro stress testing in the banking system of China. Journal of Banking Regulation. 19(4), 287–298

Atherton, A., Faria, J., Wheatley, D., Wu, D. and Wu, Z., (2016) "The decision to moonlight: does second job holding by the self-employed and employed differ?" Industrial Relations Journal 47 (3), 279-299

Wu, D. and Wu, Z., (2015) Intergenerational links, gender differences, and determinants of self-employment, Journal of Economic Studies, 42 (3), 400-414

Wheatley, D. and Wu, Z., (2014) "Dual careers, time-use, and satisfaction levels" Industrial Relations Journal, 45(5): 443-464

Zhu, Y., Wu, Z., Peng, L. and Sheng, L., (2014) “Where Did All the Remittances Go?” Applied Economics, 46(12), 1312-1322

Faria, J. and Wu, Z., (2012) From Unemployed to Entrepreneur: The role of Absolute Bequest Motive, Economics Letters, 114 (1), 120 – 123

Zhu, Y., Wu, Z., Wang, M., Du, Y. and Cai, F., (2012) “Do Migrants Really Save More?” Journal of Development Studies, 48(5), 654-672

Wu, D. and Wu, Z., (2012) “Crime, Inequality and Unemployment in England and Wales”, Applied Economics, 44 (29), 3765 – 3775

Faria, J., Wang, L. and Wu, Z., (2012) "Debts on debts", North American Journal of Economics and Finance, 23(2), 203-219

Wu, Z., Baimbridge, M. and Zhu, Y., (2009) “Multiple Job Holding in the UK” Applied Economics 41 (21), 2751-2766

Wu, Z. and Yao, S., (2006) “On Unemployment Inflow and Outflow in Urban China” Regional Studies, 40 (8), 811 – 822

Liu, W., Sharp, J. and Wu, Z., (2006) “Preference, Production and Performance in Data Envelopment Analysis” Annals of Operations Research, 145 (1), 105 – 127

Wu, Zhongmin, (2004) “Regional Unemployment in Transitional China: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis” Economics of Planning, 36 (4), 297-314

Wu, Z. and Zhu, Y., (2004) “Income Differential and Out-migration” Journal of Chinese Economic and Business Studies, 2 (1), 27-37

Wu, Zhongmin, (2003) “The Persistence of Regional Unemployment: Evidence from China” Applied Economics, 35 (12), 1417-1421

Wu, Z. and Yao, S., (2003) “Inter-migration and Intra-migration in China” China Economic Review, 14 (4), 371-385

See all of Zhongmin Wu's publications...

Press expertise

Zhongmin can offer comment on migration, unemployment, employment, multiple job holding, self-employed and entrepreneurship, both in the UK and in China.