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Dale Richards

Senior Lecturer



Dr Dale Richards is a Senior Lecturer in Human Factors Engineering within the Department of Engineering. He teaches Human Factors within the Department and is also Research Group Lead for the Human Factors & Performance Research Group.  Dale is part of several multidisciplinary research projects, providing Human Factors expertise across different domains. However, his main research focusses on how humans interact with complex and intelligent systems (ranging from automation, autonomy to AI).

Career overview

Following his undergraduate degree in Psychology Dale was fortunate to be awarded a University of Wales scholarship to pursue his PhD at Swansea University (Human Computer Interaction and Cognitive Psychology). He then joined QinetiQ in 2001 (formerly the Defence & Evaluation Research Agency, DERA) Centre for Human Sciences, where he applied Human Factors principles across different UK MoD projects. This ranged from manned systems to unmanned autonomous systems. During his time at QinetiQ Dale was promoted to Technical Focus for Human Factors within Air Division, where he continued research on autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in both defence (Autonomy & Mission Management) and civilian (ASTRAEA) applications. Before leaving QinetiQ Dale was also seconded to work on the UK MoD Watchkeeper UAV Safety Team for the release to service (RTS). Dale joined Coventry University as Director of the Human Technology Research Centre in 2012, and then as a Senior Research Fellow in 2014 concentrating efforts on bringing together Human Factors across different Faculties. During this time Dale assisted in the delivery of the newly formed distance learning MSc Human Factors in Aviation, where he led the Human Decision Making and Error module. Whilst at Coventry Dale was also UAV Safety Officer and active in several different funded research projects across flight deck design, unmanned systems, autonomous vehicles and human-autonomy teaming.

Dale joined NTU in 2019 and is involved across both teaching and research.

Research areas

Dale has won several funded research grants ranging from:

Flying High Challenge (UAVs in urban environment)

The use of Smart Glass technology in Aerospace

Human-Autonomy Teaming within an Emergency Response

Training requirements for the integration of UAVs in the UK Royal Navy

The use of portable brain imaging to evaluate human-autonomy interaction within cars

Since coming to NTU he has been awarded the following research grants:

Intelligent Ship Phase 1 - Measuring Autonomy-Teaming Effectiveness

Future Flight Challenge Phase 1

External activity

Dale is a member of several national and internation bodies, including:

- NATO Special Working Group on Sense & Avoid for UAVs (Human Factors)

- Federal Aviation Administration Human Factors Review Group

- Approvals Board member for the Royal Aeronautical Society

- EPSRC project reviewer

- External Examiner for Aviation Engineering (University of Central Lancaster)

- Professional reviewer for NIHR

Dale is regularly invited to review journal papers across Psychology, Human Factors and Engineering. He has also been invited to several conferences to chair panels on Human Factors and Autonomous Systems (including Aviation 2015, 2016 and 2017), HCII Augmented Cognition 2020, and Artificial Intelligence & Systems Behaviour (2018). Dale was also invited to present a paper on single operator control of multiple UAVs to MIT (Department of Aeronautics & Astrophysics).


Richards, D. (2020) Organisational plasticity: Can we really model human-agent behaviours? Evidence-based HRM, Volume ahead of print, Number ahead of print.

Blundell, J., Scott, S., Harris, D., Huddlestone, J., & Richards, D. (2020) With flying colours: Pilot performancewith colour-coded head-up flight symbology. Displays, 61, 101932. 10.1016/j.displa.2019.101932

Izzetogulu, K. and Richards, D. (2019) Human Performance Assessment: Evaluation of Wearable Sensors for Monitoring Brain Activity. In Vidulich, M.A. and Tsang, P. (Eds) Advances in Aviation Psychology: Improving Aviation Performance through Applying Engineering Psychology. Ashgate: Aldershot.

Grant, R.L., Richards, D., & Stedmon, A.W. Simulators for aircraft emergency evacuations. In, M.S. Young and M.G. Lenné (eds)  Simulators for Transportation Human Factors: Research and Practice, CRC Press: Boca Raton, FL. 233-256.

Richards, D., & Stedmon, A.W.  (2017) Designing for human-agent collectives: Display considerations. Cognition, Technology and Work 19(2-3), 251-261

Richards, D. (2017) Escape from the planet of the robot monsters: Agents of change. Team Performance: An International Journal, 23, 96-108

Stedmon, A.W., Lawson, G., Lewis, L., Richards, D., and Grant, R. (2016) Human behaviour in emergency situations: Comparisons between aviation and rail domains.  Security Journal doi. 10.1057/sj.2015.34

Stedmon, A.W., Richards, D., Frumkin, L., and Fussey, P. (2016) Human Factors in Security: User-centred and Socio-technical Perspectives.  Security Journal 29(1), 1-4

Richards, D., & Stedmon, A.W. (2016) To delegate or not to delegate: A review of control frameworks for autonomous cars.  Applied Ergonomics 53(B), 383-388

Stedmon, A.W., Richards, D., Frumkin, L., Fussey, P. (2016) Human factors in security: User-centred and socio-technical perspectives. Security Journal, 29(1)

Stedmon, A.W., Shaikh, S., Richards, D., Kalutarage, H., Huddlestone, J., & Davison, R. (2014) User-centred security: A socio-technical systems perspective on cyber security.  The Ergonomist, (Dec, 2014)

Stedmon, A.W., Richards, D., Shaihk, S.A., Huddlestone, J. and Davison, R. (2014) Cyber-Specifications: Capturing User Requirements for Cyber-Security Investigations. In, B. Akhgar, A. Staniforth and F. Bosco (Eds) Cyber Crime and Cyber Terrorism Investigator’s Handbook. Syngress:MA, USA, 43-58.

Richards, D., Stedmon, A.W., Shaikh, S., & Davies, D. (2014) Responding to disaster: Augmented teams through autonomous systems.  The Ergonomist, (Dec, 2014)


Palmer, S., Richards, D., Shelton-Rayner, G., Inch, D. & Izzetoglu, K. Human-Autonomy Teaming: An evolving interaction paradigm. Part III: An Innovative Measure of Trust. International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 7-10 May 2019, Dayton, OH, USA.

Richards, D. and Kaliardos, B. Human-Autonomy Teaming: An evolving interaction paradigm. Part I: Teaming and Automation. International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, 7-10 May 2019, Dayton, OH, USA.

Richards, D. and Stedmon, A.W. The role of the media towards Public attitude and UAVs. In, Proceedings of AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA AVIATION 2018). 25-29 June 2018, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Carrol, J. and Richards, D. Shining a light on public attitude:  Responses to laser incidents in commercial aviation. In, Proceedings of AIAA Aviation and Aeronautics Forum and Exposition (AIAA AVIATION 2018). 25-29 June 2018, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Richards, D. Abstraction and intent: Human factors for controlling multiple UAS. AUVSI Association for Unmanned Vehicles Systems International. 30 April-3 May 2018, Denver: USA.

Stedmon, A.W., Grant, R., Scott, S., Richards, D., Huddlestone, J., and Harris, D. Taking to the skies: Developing a dedicated MSc course in Aviation Human Factors. In, Proceedings of the International Ergonomics Association 20th International Congress, 26-30 August 2018, Florence Italy.

Armstrong J., Izzetoglu K. and Richards D. Using functional near infrared spectroscopy to assess cognitive performance of UAV sensor operators during route scanning. In, Proceedings of the 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies - Volume 3. ISBN 978-989-758-279-0, doi: 10.5220/0006731502860293, 286-293

Richards, D. and Edgell, S. Attitudes towards UAV integration into the National Airspace System. In, Proceedings of AIAA Aviation 2017, 5th-9th June 2017, Denver: USA.

Richards, D., Izzetogolu, K., and Shelton-Rayner, G. UAV Operator mental workload: A neurophysiological comparison of mental workload. In, Proceedings of AIAA Aviation 2017, 5th-9th June 2017, Denver: USA

Izzetogolu, K., Richards, D., Ding, L., Ling, C., and Willems, B. (2017) Human performance assessment: Evaluation and experimental use of wearable sensors for brain activity measures. In, Proceedings of International Symposium of Aviation Psychology, 8th May – 11th May 2017, Ohio: USA

Stedmon, A.W., Shaikh, S., Mistry, D., Bryans, J., Richards, D., and Parkes, A. The ‘rider experience’ and a user-centred perspective for exploring advanced human-machine interaction (HMI) technologies for motorcycling.  Ricardo Motorcycle Conference 3.0, Milan, October, 2016.

Richards, D., Shaikh, S., Stedmon, A.W., and Hussain, A. Pick me, pick me! Human-Agent-Collectives. Proceedings of Agent-Based Models of Bounded Rationality. University of Southern Denmark, 7-8 May, 2015.

Richards, D., Kanarachos, S., and Stedmon, A.W. Are we there yet? Providing dynamic perceptual motion cues within an autonomous car In, Proceedings of the Automated Vehicles Symposium 20-24 July 2015, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Richards, D., and Stedmon, A.W. Unmanned Air Systems – Safety and the Human Factor. Human Factors in Aviation Safety, 9 November, 2015 East Midlands Airport.

Grant, R.L., Richards, D., and Stedmon, A.W. Aircraft passenger safety information: passenger knowledge and engagement.  Human Factors in Aviation Safety, 9 November, 2015 East Midlands Airport.

See all of Dale Richards's publications...

Press expertise

Human Factors

Human-Autonomy Teaming

Human Interaction with AI

Autonomous Systems

Unmanned Systems