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Steve Hayes

Steve Hayes

Senior Lecturer


Staff Group(s)


Steve is a lecturer in the Department of Engineering on the Sport Engineering degrees. He has expertise in the biomechanics of human movement with regard to clinical gait analysis, balance and postural control. Furthermore, as a strength and conditioning coach his focus is on movement quality in sports performance. Steve currently teaches on three undergraduate modules: Anatomy, Physiology and Biomechanics,  Experimental Biomechanics and Physiology and Experimental Methods in Human Performance, and is module leader for Research Methods and Continuous Professional Development, for the Masters programmes within the department.

Career overview

Dr. Hayes is currently a Lecturer in Sport Engineering in the Department of Engineering. He completed his Ph.D at the University of Hull.

He completed both his BSc in sport science (2005) and his MSc in Sports Biomechanics (2008) at Liverpool John Moores University. Before  undertaking his Ph.D, He worked in occupational healthcare for two years and spent a year at the University of Kent as an Enterprise officer. Prior to joining NTU Dr. Hayes was a Specialist Biomechanics Laboratory Technician at the  University of Hull for eight years where he gained his Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist status.

Research areas

Steve's research is based on human movement in clinical populations with a particular focus on the human-robot interaction between robotic exoskeletons and users with neurological movement disorders, specifically individuals with a spinal cord injury.

His other focus is on the use of artificial intelligence tools to process and interpret raw biomechanics movement data from wearable sensors.

Steve is also interested in the impact of functional mobility to improve performance of athletes during and after competition. He has experience of working with elite sport as both a biomechanist and a strength and conditioning coach. Until recently Steve was the strength and conditioning coach for 2 female professional squash athletes and had run numerous biomechanical assessments for professional rugby (Super League) and football players (Premier League, Championship and division 1).


Hayes, S.C., White, M., White, H.S.F. & Vanicek, N. (2020). A biomechanical comparison of powered robotic exoskeleton gait with normal and slow walking: An investigation with able-bodied individuals. Clinical Biomechanics, 80,

Turner, A. & Hayes, S.C. (2019). The classification of minor gait alterations using wearable sensors and deep learning. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering,

Hayes, S.C., Wilcox, C.R.J., White, H.S.F. & Vanicek, N. (2018). The effect of robot assisted gait training on temporal-spatial characteristics of people with spinal cord injuries: A systematic review. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine.

Northgraves, M.J., Hayes, S.C., Marshall, P, Madden, L.A. and Vince, R.V. (2016). The test-retest of four functional mobility tests in apparently healthy adults. Isokinetics and Exercise  Science, 24 (3), 171 - 129.  DOI:10.3233/IES-160614

White, H.S.F., Hayes, S. and  White, M. (2015). The effect of using a powered exoskeleton training programme on joint range of motion on spinal cord injured individual: a pilot study. International Journal of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation.

Anderson, A., Alexanders, J, Sinani, C. , Hayes, S. and  Fogarty, M. (2015). Effects of ventilator vs manual hyperinflation in adults receiving mechanical ventilation: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials. Physiotherapy, 103-110

Press expertise

Gait analysis

Balance and postural control

Robotic exoskeletons related to rehabilitation and functional mobility