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Stefano Kaburu

Stefano Kaburu

Senior Lecturer

School of Animal Rural & Environmental Sciences


I am the course leader of the MSc/MRes Endangered Species Recovery and Conservation

I am currently leading the following two modules:

-Species Recovery: Theories, Methods and Techniques (MSc Endangered Species Recovery and Conservation)
-Physiology of Behaviour (BSc Animal Biology & BSc Zoology)

Career overview

I completed my PhD in Anthropology in 2014 at the School of Anthropology and Conservation of the University of Kent in the UK, during which I studied grooming behaviour and cooperation in wild chimpanzees. In 2014-2015, I completed my post-doctoral training in Dr Stephen Suomi’s Laboratory of Comparative Ethology, at the National Institutes of Health in the US where I examined the development of social cognition in infant rhesus macaques. Between 2016 and 2018 I was a post-doctoral fellow in Dr Brenda McCowan’s Laboratory at the School of Veterinary Medicine of the University of California in Davis. As part of this postdoctoral research, I studied the drivers and outcome of human-macaque interactions in Northern India. In September 2018 I joined the University of Wolverhampton as a Lecturer in Evolutionary Biology, until August 2023, when I joined NTU as a Senior Lecturer in Conservation Biology.

Research areas

Since 2016, my research program has focused on studying the interactions between humans and macaques in India and Malaysia and how these interactions affect both human and macaque populations. Macaques show an incredible adaptability to human-modified environment, as they can thrive in different anthropogenic environments. Using a multi-disciplinary approach, my research program examines what are the factors driving the interactions between humans and macaques and what are the consequences of these interactions for both the human and macaque populations.

External activity

I am a Member of the  IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group Section for Human-Primate Interactions


Selected publications (complete list come be found here:

  • Balasubramaniam, KN., Aiempichitkijkarn, N., Kaburu, SSK., Marty, PR., Beisner, BA., Bliss-Moreau, E., Arlet, ME., Atwill, E., & McCowan, B. (2022).Impact of joint interactions with humans and social interactions with conspecifics on the risk of zooanthroponotic outbreaks among wildlife populations. Scientific Reports, 12: 11600.
  • Balasubramaniam, KN.,  Kaburu, SSK., Marty, PR., Beisner, BA., Bliss-Moreau, E., Arlet, ME., Ruppert, N., Ismail, A., Shah, SAM., Mohan, L., Rattan, L., Kodandaramaiah, U. & McCowan, B. (2021) Implementing social network analysis to understand  the socio-ecology of wildlife co-occurrence and joint interactions with humans in anthropogenic environments. Journal of Animal Ecology, 90: 2819-2833
  • Balasubramaniam, KN., Bliss-Moreau, E., Beisner, BA., Marty, PR., Kaburu, SSK., & McCowan, B. (2021). Addressing the challenges of research on human-wildlife interactions using the concept of Coupled Natural and Human Systems. Biological Conservation, 257: 109095
  • Kaburu, SSK., Beisner, B., Balasubramanian, K., Marty PR., Bliss-Moreau, E., Arlet, ME., Mohan, L., Rattan, SK., Atwill, ER, & McCowan, B. 2019. Interactions with humans impose time constraints on urban-dwelling rhesus macaques. Behaviour, 156: 1255-1282.
  • Kaburu, SSK., Marty PR., Beisner, B., Balasubramanian, KN., Bliss-Moreau, E., Kaur, K., Mohan, L., & McCowan, B. 2019. Rates of human-macaque interactions affect grooming behavior among urban-dwelling rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta).  American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 168: 92-103