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Ian Clark

Ian Clark


Nottingham Business School

Staff Group(s)
Department of Human Resource Management Nottingham Civic Exchange


Ian is a Professor in the HRM division within the Business School. He works with colleagues in the HRM division and those based across the Business School to further raise the scale and scope of the scholarly, research, impact and engagement trajectories of the School.

Career overview

Ian previously worked at Birmingham Business School and at the Centre for Sustainable Work and Employment Futures (CSWEF) at the University of Leicester.

At Birmingham Ian was part of the teams which secured CIPD accreditation for the MSc HRM programme and EQUIS accreditation and re-accreditation and led the organisation, work and employment group.

At Leicester Ian helped establish and roll-out CSWEF where he oversaw its research and administrative staff as well as working on research projects established in the centre and supervised two doctoral students located in the centre. Ian was the founding convenor of the work and employment division which he led between 2013 and 2016.

Research areas

Ian is currently working on two areas:

  • The organisational and HR implications of sustainability and transformation plans in the NHS.
  • The implications of businesses which use informal business and employment practices.

In addition to these projects Ian continues to work on his established areas of scholarly expertise:

  • The diffusion of new business models associated with private equity and hedge funds and the organization and work implications arising from these models.
  • Financialisation and the diffusion of shareholder capitalism.
  • American multinational firms and their role as organisational and HR innovators in the UK
  • The impact of skill-mix strategies in the NHS on the work of health care assistants.

Ian has supervised six PhD students to successful completion in these areas and currently two students he has supervised are about to submit their theses:

  • Shabneez Bhankaraully (Manchester University) ‘Financialization, institutions and the implications for employment relations’
  • Edward Yates (CSWEF) ‘How do global processes of capital accumulation affect youth labour in Greater Manchester’

Please visit the NTU Doctoral School website for information on doctoral research opportunities at NBS.

External activity

Ian edits Work, Employment and Society, an ABS 4* ranked world-leading Journal and is an academic fellow of the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.

Between 2007 and 2010 Ian was a member of the Treasury Select Committee on Private Equity and subsequently provided expert advice to the government, trade unions and employers. More recently he was invited to provide formal oral and written evidence to the Department of Work and Pensions inquiry into the collapse of British Home Stores and more recently still has presented evidence to the Watson independent Commission on the future of work and the Taylor review (commissioned by the current government) on modern employment practices and will be part of the British Academy meeting on the review in October. In both forums Ian reported on the threat posed to legitimate businesses, large and small, by businesses which utilise informal business and employment practices, for example those in small unit garment manufacturing and hand car washes.

Sponsors and collaborators

Ian has collaborated and published with Eileen Appelbaum (Centre for Economic Policy Research Washington DC) and Rose Batt (Cornell) on private equity buy-outs and Michel Goyer (Birmingham) and Shabneez Bhankalarually (Manchester) on the comparative application of new business models.

He is currently collaborating with the GLAA (Gangmasters Labour Abuse Authority) and presented at a workshop they recently commissioned and convened.

Ian currently collaborates with Dr. Jo Grady, (University of Sheffield) on the financialisation of pension schemes at British Coal, Tata/British Steel and BHS and is working with Edward Yates (CSWEF, Leicester) on the governance of local labour markets by government and associated agencies and the implications of this for skill formation in young workers.

His work has been supported by the ESRC, the UK Treasury, the ETUC, the GMB union, the Ethical Trading Association and the Anglo-German Foundation.


Journal Publications in the current REF period

Clark, I. and Colling, T. (2016) ‘New Insights into Informal Migrant Employment: Hand Car Washes in a Mid-Sized English City’ Economic and Industrial Democracy. On-line first September 30th read the whole article at

Clark, I. (2016) ‘Financialization, Ownership and Employee Interests under Private Equity at the AA, Part Two’. Industrial Relations Journal, 47:3 328-353

Goyer, M., Clark, I., Bankaraully, S. (2016) ‘A Qualitative Analysis of Downsizing in France and the United Kingdom 2008-2013’ Human Resource Management Journal, 26:3 252-268. Read the whole article here.

Beck, V., Brook, P., Carter, R., Clark, I. Danford, A. Hammer, N., Kanji, S., Simms, M. (2016) Editorial: Work, Employment and Society – sans frontiers: extending and deepening our reach. Work, Employment and Society, 30:2 211-219.

Clark, I. and Thompson, A. (2015) ‘Health Care Assistants; Distributional Losses as a Consequence of NHS Modernization’? New Technology Work and Employment, 30:3 209-221.

Clark, I. (2014) Health Care Assistants, Aspiration, Frustration and Job Satisfaction in the Workplace, the Industrial Relations Journal, 45:4, 300-312.

Engagement and Impact Presentations and Publications in the Current REF Period

Clark, I. (2017) ‘Financialization and its implications for work and employment’ presented at the ETUI workshop, The University of Sheffield, June 21st.

Clark, I. (2017) “‘Permissive Visibility”: The Regulatory Response to the Emergence of Road Side Hand Car Washes’ The Gangmasters Labour Abuse Authority – Strategy and Intelligence Workshop, Industrial Relations Research Unit, The University of Warwick, May 10th

Clark, I. (2017) ‘Technology in Reverse? The Case of Hand Car Washes’ The Independent Commission on the Future of Work, Matrix Chambers, London, January 17th This work is summarized here

Clark, I. (2016) presentation of  written and oral evidence to the Rt. Hon. Frank Field, Chair, Work and Pensions Committee, on the collapse of the BHS pension scheme, reporting to Adam Mellows-Facer, Committee Clerk,

Clark, I. and Colling, T. (2016) ‘Regulatory Reach in Britain’s Informal Economy: Road Side Hand Car Washes in Leicester’.  ESRC Seminar on Labour Market Regulation in the Post-Crisis Era, University of Sheffield, May 5th.

Hammer, N., Plugor, R., Nolan, P., Clark, I. (2015) ‘New Industry on a Skewed Playing Field: Supply Chain Relations and Working Conditions in UK Garment Manufacturing – Leicester and the East Midlands. CSWEF/The Ethical Trading Initiative, February.

Clark, I. (2014) ‘Private Equity Buy-outs: What About the Workers? www.GMB@AA

Monograph Chapters and Textbook Chapters in the Current REF period

Clark, I. (2018) ‘The Political Economy of Finance-Led Capitalism: Connecting Financialization, Private Equity and Employment Outcomes’ in Wright, M., Amess, K., Bacon, N., Siegel, D. (eds) The Routledge Companion to Management Buyouts – Routledge Companions in Business, Management and Accounting. London, Routledge, September 2018.

Clark, I. (2017) ‘Comparative HRM in the context of Financialization, financialization and Brexit’ in Beardwell, J. and Thompson, A. (Eds) Human Resource Management: A Contemporary Approach. Pearson Education, London. 8th Edition, October.

Heyes, J., Lewis, P. and Clark, I. (2014) ‘Varieties of Capitalism Re-considered: Learning from the

Great Recession and its Aftermath’ in The Comparative Political Economy of Work and Employment Relations, Haupemeier, M. and Vidal, M. London, Palgrave Macmillan Labour Process Book Series. April.

Full Listing of journal publications 2013-1990

Appelbaum, E. Batt, R., Clark, I. (2013) ‘Implications for Employment Relations Research: Evidence from Breach of Trust and Implicit Contracts in Private Equity Buy-Outs’ British Journal of Industrial Relations. 51:3 498-518.

Clark, I. (2013) ‘Templates for Financial Control’ Management and Employee Interests under Private Equity’ Human Resource Management Journal. Vol.23:2 144-159.

Heyes, J. Lewis, P. Clark, I. (2012) ‘Varieties of Capitalism: The State, Financialisation and the Economic Crisis of 2007-?’  Industrial Relations Journal 43(3) 222-241 May.

Clark, I. and Bawden, C. (2011) ‘A Practitioner Study of Investment in the UK Retail Sector by Mid-Market Private Equity, 2000-2008’ Venture Capital: An International Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance. 13(3) 215-243

Clark, I. (2011) ‘Private Equity, Union Recognition and Value Extraction at the AA.’ Industrial Relations Journal 42(1) 36-50

Morrell, K. and Clark, I. (2010) ‘Private Equity and the Public Good’ The Journal of Business Ethics. 96:249-266, March

Bailey, D., Clark, I. De Ruyter, A. (2010) ‘Private Equity and the Flight of the Phoenix Four – the Collapse of MG Rover’ The Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Volume 3(3), 1-15.

Clark, I. (2009a) The Private Equity Business Model And Associated Strategies For HRM: Evidence And Implications? The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 20 (10), October, 2030-2048,

Clark, I. (2009b) ‘Private Equity in the UK: Job Regulation and Trade Unions’ Journal of Industrial Relations. 51(4) 491-502.

Clark, I. (2009c) ‘Owners not Managers: Disconnecting Managerial Capitalism? Understanding the Take Private Equity Business Model.’ Work, Employment and Society 23(4), 359-378.

Clark, I. (2007) ‘Private Equity and HRM in the British Business System’ Human Resource Management Journal 17(3) 218-226.

Clark, I. (2006) ‘Another Third Way:?, VW and Trials of Stakeholder Capitalism’ Industrial Relations Journal 37(6) 593-607.

Colling, T. and Clark, I. (2006) ‘What Happened When the Americans Took Over Britain’s Electricity Industry? Exploring Trans-National Sector Effects on Employment Relations’ The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 17(9) 1625-1644

Clark, I., Almond, P., Gunnigle, P., Wachter, H. (2005) ‘Americanization in the European Business System’ Industrial Relations Journal 36(6) December, pages 494-517.

Edwards, T., Almond, P., Clark, I., Colling, T. and Ferner, A. (2005). ‘Reverse Diffusion in US Multinationals: Barriers from the American Business System’ Journal of Management Studies 42(6) pages 1261-1268.

Clark, I. and Colling, T. (2005) ‘The Management of Human Resources in Project-Led Organizations’ Personnel Review Volume 34(2) 178-191.

Ferner, A., Almond, P., Clark, I., Colling, T., Edwards, T., Holden, L., (2004) ‘The Dynamics of Central Control and Subsidiary Autonomy in the Management of Human Resources: Case Study Evidence from US MNC’s in the UK’ Organization Studies Volume 25(3) pages 363-391

Clark, I. and Almond, P. (2004) ‘Dynamism and Embeddedness: Towards a Lower Road?: British Subsidiaries of American Multinationals and the British Business System Industrial Relations Journal Volume 35(5) pages 536-556.

Almond, P., Edwards, T. Clark, I. (2003) ‘Multinationals and Changing National Business Systems in Europe: Towards the “Shareholder Value” Model’? Industrial Relations Journal Volume 34 (5), Pages 430-446.

Clark, I., Colling, T., Almond, P., Peters, R., Gunnigle, P., Morley, M., Portillo, M. (2002) ‘Multinationals in Europe 2001-2002: Home Country, Host Country and Sector Effects in the Context of Crisis’ Industrial Relations Journal Volume 33(5) pages 445-463.

Colling, T. and Clark, I. (2002) ‘ “Looking for Americanness”: Sector Effects in Engineering Process Plant Contracting’ European Journal of Industrial Relations Volume 8(3) pages 301-325.

Clark, I. (2001) ‘Strategic HRM as a Budgetary Control Mechanism in the Large Corporation: A Case Study from Engineering Contracting. Critical Perspectives on Accounting. December Volume 12 797-815 pages.

Clark, I. (2000) ‘The Productivity Race – British Manufacturing in Historical Perspective’ Historical Studies in Industrial Relations No. 9 Spring 2000, pages 133-146

Clark, I. (1999a) ‘Institutional Stability in Management Practice and Industrial Relations: The Influence of the Anglo-American Council for Productivity, 1948-1952’ Business History, Volume 40(3) July. Pages 64-92

Clark, I. (1999b) ‘Corporate Human Resources and “Bottom Line” Financial Performance’ Personnel Review Volume 28(4) pages 290-307

Clark, I. (1998a) ‘Designing and Sustaining an Entrepreneurial Role for the Human Resource Function’. The International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research Volume 4(2).

Clark, I. (1998b) ‘Competitive Pressures and Engineering Process Plant Contracting’ Human Resource Management Journal Volume 8(2) pages 14-29

Clark, I. (1994) ‘HRM: The Reinvention of Modern Management?’ Personnel Review Volume 23(5) pages 17-25.

Clark, I. (1993) ‘HRM: Prescription, Description and Concept’ Personnel Review Volume 22(4) pages 17-26.

Clark, I. and Ball, D. (1991) ‘Transaction Cost Economics Applied? Consortia within Process Plant Contracting’. The International Review of Applied Economics Volume 5(3) pages 341-357

Clark, I. and Clark, T. (1991) ‘Personnel Management: Defence, Retrenchment and Advance?’ Personnel Review Volume 20(1) pages 13-19

Clark, I. and Clark, T. (1990) ‘Personnel Management and the use of Executive Recruitment Consultants’. Human Resource Management Journal Volume 1(1) pages 46-62

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