Irene Zempi

Irene Zempi

Lecturer/Senior Lecturer

School of Social Sciences

Staff Group(s)


Dr Irene Zempi is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology and Head of Year 3 BA (Hons) Criminology at NTU. Irene teaches the following modules:

  • Diversity of Crimes and Prejudice (as module leader) at Level 2
  • Criminology & Service Learning (Level 2)

Career overview

Irene joined Nottingham Trent University as a Lecturer in Criminology in September 2015. Prior to this position, Irene worked as a Teaching Fellow in the Department of Criminology, University of Leicester for five years.

She is the principal investigator for the evaluation of Citizens at the Heart: A Citizen Centred Approach to Tackling Hate Crime, which is a two year pilot project funded by the European Union’s Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme to tackle prejudice and respond to hate crime.

Research areas

  • Hate crime
  • Intersectionality
  • Victimisation
  • Policing
  • Ethnography

External activity

  • Member of British Society of Criminology Hate Crime Network
  • Member of Advisory Board Tell MAMA (Measuring Anti-Muslim Attacks)
  • Member of Nottinghamshire Hate Crime Steering Group
  • Member of Associate Editorial Board, Sociological Research Online
  • Member of Sociology Consultative Forum OCR (Oxford, Cambridge and RSA)


Peer-reviewed journal articles

Zempi, I. (2019) Veiled Muslim women's views on law banning the wearing of the niqab (face veil) in public Ethnic and Racial Studies DOI: 10.1080/01419870.2019.1588985

Awan, I. and Zempi, I. (2018) ‘YOU ALL LOOK THE SAME’: Non-Muslim Men who Suffer Islamophobic Hate Crime in the post-Brexit era European Journal of Criminology1–18 DOI: 10.1177/1477370818812735

Zempi, I. (2018) “Looking back, I wouldn't join up again”: The Lived Experiences of Police Officers as Victims of Bias and Prejudice Perpetrated by Fellow Staff within an English Police Force Police Practice and Research: An International Journal DOI: 10.1080/15614263.2018.1525381

Mason-Bish, H. and Zempi, I. (2018) Misogyny, Racism and Islamophobia: Street Harassment at the Intersections Feminist Criminology 1–20 DOI: 10.1177/1557085118772088

Mawby, R. C. and Zempi, I. (2018) ‘Every time it happens, you question continuing as an officer’: The Experiences of Police Officers as Victims of Hate Crime Policing: An International Journal 41 (5) DOI: 10.1108/PIJPSM-12-2016-0176

Zempi, I. and Awan, I. (2017) Doing ‘Dangerous’ Autoethnography on Islamophobic VictimisationEthnography 18 (3): 367-386 DOI: 10.1177/1466138117697996

Zempi, I. (2017) Doing autoethnography: Researching victimisation through wearing the Muslim veil in public Methodological Innovations10 (1): 1-10 DOI: 10.1177/2059799117720617

Zempi, I. (2016) Negotiating constructions of insider and outsider status in research with veiled Muslim women victims of Islamophobic hate crime Sociological Research Online21 (4): 8 DOI: 10.5153/sro.4080

Zempi, I. (2016) “It's a part of me, I feel naked without it”: choice, agency and identity for Muslim women who wear the niqab Ethnic and Racial Studies39 (10): 1738-1754

Awan, I. and Zempi, I. (2016) The Affinity between Online and Offline anti-Muslim Hate Crime: Dynamics and Impacts Aggression and Violent Behaviour27: 1-8

Awan, I. and Zempi, I. (2015) ‘I will Blow your face off: Virtual and Physical World Anti-Muslim Hate Crime British Journal of CriminologyDOI: 10.1093/bjc/azv122

Zempi, I. and Chakraborti, N. (2015) “They Make Us Feel Like We’re a Virus”: The Impact of Islamophobic Victimisation upon Veiled Muslim Women International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy4 (3): 44-56

Chakraborti, N. and Zempi, I. (2013) Criminalising Oppression or Reinforcing Oppression? The Implications of Veil Ban Laws for Muslim Women in the West Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly64 (1): 63-74

Chakraborti, N. and Zempi, I. (2012) The Veil under Attack: Gendered Dimensions of Islamophobic Victimisation International Review of Victimology18 (3): 269-284


Awan, I. and Zempi, I. (2019) Student Textbook of Islamophobia, London: Routledge

Zempi, I. and Awan, I. (eds.) (2019) Routledge International Handbook of Islamophobia, London: Routledge

Zempi, I. and Awan, I. (2016) Islamophobia: Lived Experiences of Online and Offline Victimisation, Bristol: The Policy Press

Zempi, I. and Chakraborti, N. (2014) Islamophobia, Victimisation and the Veil, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan

Book Chapters

Zempi, I. (2018) “The lived experiences of veiled Muslim women as ‘undeserving’ victims of Islamophobia” in M. Duggan (ed) Values in Victimology: Revisiting the ‘Ideal Victim’ Thesis,Bristol: Policy Press

Zempi, I. (2016) ‘Exploring the impacts of Islamophobia on veiled women globally’ in J. Schweppe and M. Walters (eds) The Globalisation of Hate: Internationalising hate crime?, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Zempi, I. (2014) ‘Responding to the Needs of Victims of Islamophobia’ in N. Chakraborti and J. Garland (eds) Responding to Hate Crime: The Case for Connecting Policy and Research, Bristol: The Policy Press

See all of Dr Irene Zempi's publications...