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Turning Industrial Waste into Livestock Fodder

Unit(s) of assessment: Geography, Environmental Studies and Archaeology

Research theme: Sustainable Futures

School: School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences


From fuel to fodder

Around 80 billion litres of the fuel bioethanol are produced annually from fermented cereals. The yeast used in the process is then subsequently discarded. Now, an academic partnership led by Dr Emily Burton, from Nottingham Trent University, has led to an innovative process that can retrieve proteins from what would otherwise have been discarded as cereal ‘waste’, which can then be used in chicken feed and commercial fish feed.

The underpinning research was supported by EPSRC and AB Agri, the agricultural division of Associated British Foods, resulting in a breakthrough by Dawn Scholey, a PhD student at Nottingham.

Addressing the Challenge

A patented process for cost-effective solutions

Thanks to Dawn’s work, the team came up with a way to separate the protein from the waste yeast and showed that it contained nutrients that are easily digestible by chickens. This patented process could provide a cost-competitive alternative to soya-based protein and other feeds given to chickens bred for meat production.

The process has already been taken up by industry in the US, which is using it to produce high quality protein for poultry feed alongside bioethanol production. If adopted worldwide, the process could lead to global production of three million tonnes of high-grade protein chicken from discarded bioethanol bi-products. The research project was borne out of the vision of biofuels pioneer Dr Pete Williams of AB Agri, which, with EPSRC, jointly funded Dawn Scholey via an Industrial CASE studentship awarded to Emily Burton.

Making a Difference

The combined support of BBSRC and EPSRC not only helped Emily Burton to establish a new poultry research unit with researchers at Nottingham Trent University, it provided a springboard for recruitment and training of researchers to meet a critical poultry industry skills need.

The research has been so successful that the liquid protein extracted during the process essentially becomes the most valuable component, more so than the bioethanol. Pete Williams says: “Our story is similar to that of the soya bean, which was originally processed to produce oil but is now grown for the meal. The key is that our bioprocessed meal will be produced from a non-GM English wheat crop and will replace imported soya bean meal.”


Vital partnerships to enhance the future of fodder

A Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) with Plymouth University subsequently enabled Dr Williams to demonstrate that the protein could be fed to fish such as farmed salmon. Pete Williams acknowledges the importance of industry partnerships. He says: “We couldn’t have got this development started without the EPSRC CASE studentship, which allowed us to establish the proof of concept.”

In parallel with the EPSRC funding, the Nottingham researchers were granted a Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) Industrial CASE studentship, which enabled PhD student, Harriet Lea, to work with animal health company Alltech UK3 to establish the mode of action of a prebiotic chicken food supplement.