Can you capture the essence of your research through a single image?
In May 2019 NTU launched its first Images of Research competition. Hosted by Researcher Development, this inaugural competition offered NTU researchers the chance to illustrate or represent their research using a single image (photograph, digital image or piece of artwork) along with an engaging short description.
The competition was designed to showcase the amazing research at NTU, illustrating research diversity in both applicants (PhD students, early career researchers, established academics, etc.) and in research projects. It was the perfect medium for engaging non-specialists and captures the essence of complex research projects in an accessible way.
This year's competition has been a resounding success with 66 entries submitted for the 27 September 2019 deadline. We were looking for images that really draw us in and entice us to want to know more about the research - and our research community have done just that!. This is a unique opportunity to raise the profile of some amazing research happening across the University. The entries will be promoted on the NTU website, across our social media channels and in an exhibition across NTU campuses in October and November.
 Laxmi Aggarwal - A Market Reduction Approach to Illegal Ivory Markets in Tanzania
This elephant appeared on the road as I was on my way to an undisclosed village bordering the Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, in order to interview a potential illegal ivory hunter. The elephant wrapped its trunk around its tusks right next to the vehicle immediately causing me to reach for my camera while the caption “Hands off My Ivory” ran through my head.
My research focuses on the Market Reduction Approach, a crime strategy developed by Dr. Mike Sutton of NTU - for the Home Office, to tackle the UK’s illegal markets in stolen goods. I aim to explore the potential of deploying this strategy to rural environments for illegal ivory theft and markets in Tanzania.
The thesis aims to mitigate local illegal markets with a firm belief that by the time the ivory reaches international markets it’s already too late for the populations of our heritage species; the Loxodonta africana.
Copyright courtesy of: Laxmi Aggarwal, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Melina Throuvala - Who’s in Control? Prevention of Screen Time Overuse and Attentional Loss
"There is no WiFi in the forest, but you may find a better connection".
This picture was taken during a visit, at the UNESCO 'Nikkō Tōshō-gū Shinto' shrine, after my presentation on gaming and smartphone addiction prevention in adolescence, at the International Conference on Behavioural Addictions 2019 in Japan.
This photo depicts my son and a group of Japanese school children who just met there, high-fiving - representing our endemic universal need for human connection. How can we provide children with an appreciation and preference for lived experiences? With 95% of children having access to smartphones and 24% being constantly online (Pew Research, 2017), the appeal and opportunities for information and interactivity online are massive, yet children suffer more from anxiety, depression and loneliness.
With my research I am contributing to evidence-based recommendations on supporting young people to embrace a more balanced view of the self in relation to technologies, strengthen their resilience to mental health impacts, and reduce the susceptibility to online addictions for a minority of children.
Copyright courtesy of: Melina Throuvala, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Social Sciences, 2019.
 Dr Katy Griggs - Hot Wheels
My research focuses on the physiological and ergonomic impact of technology, clothing and equipment on human health and performance.
My research aims to look at how equipment and users should not be considered as separate entities. Instead a greater focus should be given to the interaction of the two.
This image was taken during a student research project investigating the effectiveness of a novel wheelchair backrest cushion with integrated fans at providing cooling to the user during daily pushing.
Wheelchair users can experience thermal discomfort when pushing in their wheelchairs due to their disability, the constant contact between the user and seat, length of time spent in their wheelchair and seat fabrics that inhibit the dissipation of heat, all of which are exacerbated in hotter environments.
Therefore, wheelchairs should not only aid the user’s mobility but should also interact with the user to ensure user comfort no matter the environment.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Katy Griggs, Senior Lecturer in Sport Engineering, School of Science and Technology, 2019.
 Dr Nicholas Midgley - The Öræfajökull-Virkisjökull Icefall
Glaciers and ice sheets are undergoing significant change globally. Research undertaken in South East Iceland (July 2019) has investigated recent glacier change and the development of ice-marginal lakes. This image of the icefall from the ice cap called Öræfajökull, which feeds a glacier called Virkisjökull, was captured whilst hanging out of the side of an AS350 helicopter – the doors had been removed to facilitate image collection.
The images, several hundred overlapping images that cover the glacier surface, are processed using a new photogrammetry technique (taking measurements from images/photographs) called Structure-from-Motion, to create a model of the glacier surface, which can be used to assess glacier surface change over time.
Whilst the pilot and passengers were secured inside the helicopter for the duration of the survey flight with ropes and climbing harnesses, the 45° banking turns undertaken by the helicopter adjacent to the steep valley sides made for a memorable experience.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Nicholas Midgley, Senior Lecturer in Physical Geography, School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences, 2019.
 Joseph Chemmarappally - Primary Neuronal Cell with Elongated Axons Creating a Complex Network System on Electrospun Nanofibres Scaffolds
The pathology of Parkinson’s disease is widely researched, and current therapeutic strategies aim to delay progression by either promoting neuronal regeneration, resurrecting the lost brain function or by cell replacement therapies.
Communication and various signal transduction between 'neuronal' and 'glial' cells in the in-vivo system are purely based on a dynamic systematic network constructed and expanded in a 3D manner. Recently, electrospun nanofibre scaffolds have gained attention among researchers for their ability to mimic the natural 3D environment.
The primary cells were obtained from an embryonic day-18 rat hippocampus, and cultured on electrospun carbon-based nanofibre scaffold for 21-day invitro.
Further, the cells were fixed and stained for βIII-tubulin; a mature neuronal axon marker (Red), Synaptophysin; a synaptic and neuronal network maturity marker (yellow) and DAPI; representing the nucleus of the cell (Blue).
Copyright courtesy of: Joseph Chemmarappally, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Science and Technology, 2019.
 Felicity Couldwell - Life before Conception?
How much do you know about sperm cells? You know they swim to an egg cell without a brain, but how do they do this? How do they know where to go?
The life of a sperm cell is a short-lived journey of barriers, in fact of the billions of sperm released over the life of a male, few sperm cells will ever make it to the egg.
In modern times assisted reproduction techniques are common practice across all species from humans to rainbow trout. One of these techniques is semen freezing, often common practice in domestic animal species due to its many advantages such as long-term preservation of genetic material, insurance against loss of animal and the ability to ship valuable genes worldwide.
My research focuses on improving the cryopreservation of equine sperm cells for commercial purposes with the aim of further work being applied to endangered species.
Copyright courtesy of: Felicity Couldwell, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Animal Rural and Environmental Sciences, 2019.
 Dinish Nadaraja - The Human Touch in Plantation Agriculture
Despite their colonial past, plantation systems are still among the fastest growing agricultural sub-sector due the increasing demand for plantation commodities worldwide. For such an important system, why are plantations still managed unsustainably?
Plantation systems have often been associated with a variety of environmental and social issues from deforestation to slave and child labour. Although there are many sustainability management toolkits available (e.g. Rainforest Alliance, Fairtrade), most plantation companies are unwilling to use these toolkits, often criticizing them as being too complicated and unpractical.
To solve this, my research engages with different social groups connected with the plantation systems (e.g. local communities, NGOs, plantation companies), to understand their views regarding the sustainability of plantation systems. This allows an effective and practical sustainability management toolkit to be jointly developed together. Such a toolkit can easily be used by plantation companies to sustainably manage their plantations at each stage of development.
Copyright courtesy of: Dinish Nadaraja, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences, 2019.
 Pamela Henderson - Read My Mind!
This is Jack, offering me an ice cream. It’s his favourite game and all he needs is a dead leaf! Sometimes, when I ask for a particular flavour, Jack says: “I don’t have that”. He will repeat this, until I guess what flavour he has in mind.
Even though I really want raspberry ripple, if that’s not the answer he wants to hear, I have to guess again. It’s like I have to read his mind! Jack gets to makes the rules and he always wins.
I never let my students get the better of me either, though like Jack I feel frustrated when they don’t give me the answers I want. I feel trapped by learning outcomes and module specifications. Yet my research shows that if I just let my students take control, they will learn more and we will all be happier.
Copyright courtesy of: Pamela Henderson, Senior Lecturer, Nottingham Law School, 2019.
 Ross Smith - Framing the Penal Colony - Representations of French Guiana in Comic Art
I took this photo at Île Saint-Joseph, a former site of the French penal colony in French Guiana.
My research is looking at sites in the penal colony and how we remember them in contemporary graphic novels and other mediums. This image is taken of a cemetery, a site of memory in many comics.
The image raises the question, if the prisoners were thrown to the sharks after death, who is buried here? How does this space function as a site of memory in the colony? How can we understand this site that is somewhat falling into ruin? Does transposing the image into comic art limit our understanding of commemorative spaces, or rather does it provide an opportunity to find narrative and opportunities and humanise the guards likely interred here?
The photo is more than a photo of a cemetery, it tells a story of life in the French penal colony.
Copyright courtesy of: Ross Smith, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Arts and Humanities, 2019.
 Robert Davis - Spot the Difference?
No two leopards are the same, each one can be identified from their unique pelage patterns.
Can you tell if these images are of the same individual? Certainty in individual recognition is a common problem in camera trap studies.
My research uses a spatial partial identity model, a novel method to reduce uncertainty in individual identification, to identify leopards from camera trap images and, using spatial capture-recapture methods, estimates the population density of leopards in Kasungu National Park, Malawi.
These population estimates are the first to be produced for Malawi and are also the first estimates from a miombo woodland, the primary habitat found in Malawi and a habitat that spans 2.7 million km2 of Southern Africa.
These estimates can provide a baseline for population monitoring and conservation management in this protected area and across this understudied habitat that forms a large section of the leopards’ geographic range.
Copyright courtesy of: Robert Davis, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences, 2019.
 Richard Arm - Tactile Tissue Synthetics
My inter-disciplinary research spans across craft, design, anatomy, radiology, additive manufacturing and material science; but the key innovation isn’t the recreation of convincingly realistic 3D printed anatomy. Instead, my research focuses on the development of realistic tactility- how soft tissues responds to touch and manipulation during surgery - the vivid, multi-sensory cues associated with the experience of handling ‘living’ flesh.
Validated by top UK surgeons, the synthetic tissues I create are not simply an indulgent exercise in technical capability, they are able to foster a new level of psychological immersion during surgical training not seen before. This is especially true when recreating high-pressure, real-life trauma scenarios, such as major thoracic trauma, that is rarely able to offer experiential, learner-focused training opportunities, when every second counts in patient survival.
Copyright courtesy of: Richard Arm, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Art & Design, 2019
 Dr Stephen Badham - Fading Memory
The picture shows real data from a study of visual memory for 4x4 grids of patterns. The left column is the original pattern that was studied, the middle column is memory for that pattern recalled immediately after study, the right column shows memory for that pattern when there was a 15-second delay between study it and recall. The darkness of each cell of the 4x4 grids represents the proportion of participants recalling that cell.
I find it fascinating to see a visual depiction of fading memory over such a short timescale.
The data are from BADHAM, S.P., ATKIN, C. and CASTRO, A., (in press). Homogeneity of memory errors in abstract visual pattern recall. Europe’s Journal of Psychology.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Stephen Badham, Lecturer in Psychology, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Jiaqi Bai - Design for Service-oriented Approach: A Case of Collaborative Consumption
I took this photo in my friend's house. My research is about developing sustainability by improving collaborative consumption which can benefit both the environment and people.
Collaborative consumption provides access to goods or services through lending, borrowing, bartering, swapping, sharing, trading, renting and gifting. Participants can both play the role of ‘peer users’ by accessing the available products and services, and ‘peer provider’ by supplying assets to rent, share or borrow. Interactions may be local and face-to-face, or people can use the Internet to connect.
These methods instead of buying, can prevent new purchases, increase reuse and resource efficiency, reduce waste, encourage the development of better products, foster durability, intensify use, maximise the utility of individually owned products with limited usage. With the emerging collaborative platforms, our society now is heading in a more sustainable direction. My friend involved made her own contribution to sustainable development.
Copyright courtesy of: Jiaqi Bai, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment, 2019
 Dalton Baltazar - Socio-cultural Valuation of Urban Parks: Lessons from the Philippines
A view from the fence of an urban park in Makati City, Philippines.
The urban park is looking at the people in residential areas, asking, “Do you not value me?”
Socio-cultural valuation has rarely been applied to urban parks. This might be the reason why they are undervalued and have continuously suffered from the pressure of being converted into more economically productive land uses. The value of urban parks to people is usually intangible, and therefore, there is a need for a way to articulate these values. In my study, I aim to assess how stakeholders value the benefits and disbenefits they associate with urban parks through case studies. Results of this research will help to reveal the value of urban parks and help cities in assessing the demand for urban green spaces. I hope in the end, we can answer, “Yes we do, and we’ll fight for you!”
Copyright courtesy of: Dalton Erick Baltazar, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences, 2019
 Dr Ali Bowes - An Opportunity to Showcase Women’s Golf
This research focused on the media coverage, and the experiences of female golfers who competed against men in a professional golf tournament. Two all women teams both beat men’s team on their way to the tournament’s quarter finals, defying the bookies odds in the process and drawing large crowds to the tournament. The women turned out to be the headline story of the event for both their success on the course, and their gender off it. However, taking a wider look at the print media, whilst there was an increase in the coverage of the female athletes which marks a positive shift towards equitable coverage, there are still problems in how sportswomen remain framed by gendered discourses. Despite this, the women used the event, and their golf, to showcase the potential for (although not always succeeding in) subverting gender norms in sport and to advocate for equality in the game.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Ali Bowes, Lecturer in Sociology of Sport, Department of Sport Science, 2019
 Dr Anne Carter and Emily Hall - Hotdogs
This photo was taken after a Canicross race over Easter 2019, Dogs and humans compete running cross-country in harness with the dog providing extra pull. Whilst everyone in the UK must have been exposed to the “Dogs die in hot cars” advertising campaign, our research suggests that exercise is more likely to result in a dog suffering from heat related illness, especially in hot weather, or when the dog is unfit. Many myths are shared on-line regarding treating dogs with heatstroke in an emergency, the worst myth being that using water to cool a dog is dangerous. Here Ronin the Dobermann has rushed over to the nearest water source after finishing the race, a paddling pool filled with cold water. He looks pretty comfortable (he refused to get out for a full five minutes), he cooled down quickly and suffered no ill effects from the race or the cooling.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Anne Carter, Senior Lecturer in Animal Science, and Emily Hall, Lecturer in Veterinary Nursing, School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences, 2019
 Elaine Duncan - Police Conflicting Demands – How do you prioritise?
This image depicts the current multitude of complexities facing police forces across England and Wales who are under extreme pressure to adapt to changes in demand, coupled with recurring funding cuts.
The intention of this study is to develop a better understanding of the demand placed upon the police from the public and help build a model to determine which incidents police should prioritise based on the outcomes of such incidents. Call handlers, within Force Control Rooms, play a pivotal role in the distribution of police resources, and this study therefore also aims to explore decision-making theories to provide a theoretical basis for understanding the decision-making processes to improve the quality and outcomes of decisions.
Copyright courtesy of: Elaine Duncan, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Patricia Francis - Allowed Her Voice
The haunting presence of Clipstone Colliery Headstocks reminds of a Nottinghamshire era long passed. Now abandoned, its smashed windows, rusting metal structure and self-assured poise, ascending into the dawning skyline, poetically symbolises the end of coal mining and a patriarchal authority that controlled and silenced women in these communities. Here, and then, women were wives, mothers and homemakers; however, they crossed the line physically and metaphorically during the 1984 miners’ strike. They stood on picket lines, spoke at rallies, fundraised and kept the miners and their families fuelled. Unlike the ghostly silence that descends the Headstocks today, these miners’ wives discovered their voices and found their purpose. Not even the metal barriers prohibiting entry to the old colliery site would have caused them obstruction.
This silent and decaying icon screams of a moment, now confined to a history, that gave birth to a new female order and ‘Allowed Her Voice’.
Copyright courtesy of: Patricia Francis, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Arts and Humanities and Art and Design, 2019.
 Rachel Harding - Children who Sleep Rough in Modern Britain
Children sleep rough in modern-day Britain. They feel safer sleeping rough than they do at home or in a children’s home. Children who sleep rough are also ‘on the run’ or ‘running away’ often from abuse. While images of adults sleeping rough in Britain today are becoming increasingly common in both media and in social research, there is a lack of literature and research data about child rough sleepers. Looking at this image, at first glance it is another picture of someone sleeping rough. That the person sleeping rough is a child is rightfully shocking. The image also raises questions about how children can be so seriously failed, challenging assumptions that children are either safe at home, or safely looked after having been placed in care. The research looks at seven research interviews of homeless adults who slept rough when they were aged under sixteen years of age.
Copyright courtesy of: Rachel Harding, Postgraduate Researcher, Nottingham Centre for Children Young People and Families, 2019
 Dr Amy Twigger Holroyd - Reknit Revolution
My practice-based Reknit Revolution project seeks to promote reknitting: the reworking of existing knitted items using knit-based skills and knowledge. Whether handmade or mass-produced, the knitted structure is inherently ‘tinkerable’: able to be unravelled, reworked and dynamically transformed in countless ways. The samples shown here showcase twelve different reknit techniques, from ‘swiss darn’ through to ‘replace cuff’ and even ‘cardiganise’. These processes draw on instructions and examples from the past but also inventively respond to the items in our wardrobes today. Essentially, I see every knitted garment as ripe for reconfiguration and every stitch as a unit of possibility. Reworking existing items to meet our needs can be a rewarding creative challenge and helps to reduce the enormous amounts of textile waste being generated every year. Perhaps more importantly, this quietly subversive practice enables us to rebel against the expectations at the heart of the consumerist fashion system.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Amy Twigger Holroyd, Associate Professor, Fashion, Knitwear and Textiles, School of Art & design, 2019
 Dr Purvi Mali - The Comparative Genomics of Eugenol O-methyltransferase in the Ocimum Genus
Ocimum tenuiflorum L. (Holy basil or Tulsi), is an important medicinal plant, with particular religious significance to the Hindu community. Tulsi plants are characterised by high levels of essential oils such as eugenol, methyl eugenol and estragole (methyl chavicol). Two chemotypes of Tulsi have been distinguished, based on high or low methyl eugenol:eugenol ratios. As methyl eugenol and methyl chavicol are classed as genotoxic carcinogens, it is important to ensure that the levels of these compounds in herbal products fall below the regulatory thresholds. The conversion of eugenol to methyl eugenol is catalysed by eugenol O-methyltransferase (EOMT). EOMT gene sequences have been isolated from a range of Ocimum species and from different chemotypes of O.tenuiflorum. Alignment of the protein sequences from several Ocimum species indicates a number of amino acid substitutions that may be correlated with methyl eugenol content and reflect differences in enzyme activity and substrate specificity.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Purvi Mali, Lecture of Biosciences, School of Science and Technology 2019
 Ivana Mancic - Aleksa, Come Back Home!
25 years after the Yugoslav Civil War ended and Yugoslav National Army left Croatia, many military facilities are empty and devastated, with 3487 in total situated around the Croatian Coastal area. Today they have no purpose. The same destiny befell most government owned facilities in both Serbia and Croatia with still present consequences of war, destruction and decay. Photographs were taken at the abandoned military base Minerska, Sibenik in Croatia. The effect of the derelict space is emphasised by the ominous graffiti; Remove the Flesh and Aleksa, vrati se doma/Aleksa, Come back home. My research focuses on the ghosts of the past, people, buildings and human artefacts belonging to the period of communist Yugoslavia which once was, yet no longer remains. I aim to contribute to contemporary art practices by presenting a personal narrative to address the issues of loss, memory and belonging that marked this unique historical chapter.
Copyright courtesy of: Ivana Mancic, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Art & Design, 2019
 Allan Njanji - From Foreign Lands
‘From Foreign Lands’ depicts an image of representation for people from refugee backgrounds who have settled in the diaspora. This image is a revelation of the aspects that people do not get to hear or see from refugees: a recognition of the creativity and artistry, experience and expertise they bring from their home countries. My practice-led research will involve developing visual alternatives to the mainstream media’s negative representation of refugees. The research aims to encourage and empower refugees to take a lead on narratives about their own lives, so as to counter the toxic and hostile environment they face in the UK. With such a wide spectrum of talents and skills they bring into their host countries, refugees deserve to be given a fair chance to integrate into their new communities.
Copyright courtesy of: Allan Njanji, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Arts and Humanities, 2019
 Ini-Obong Nkang - I Have Skills, Can You Take me to Europe to Play Football?
“I’m Ade and I want to play for Chelsea, let me show you how many kick-ups I can do so you’ll take me to England! … I know I am going to be a star and play in big stadiums someday; everyone says I am talented.”
Ade is no different from many other vulnerable African minors who dream of using football as a springboard to a better life for themselves and their families. And surely there is nothing wrong with dreaming, but what happens if Ade’s dreams turn into a nightmare? If he is deceived into becoming one of the 15,000 African football minors trafficked into Europe every year for labour exploitation?
My research aims to use football as a tool for sustainable development to tackle the root causes of football trafficking. So Ade wouldn’t need to ask you to take him to England to make his Chelsea dreams come true.
Copyright courtesy of: Ini-Obong Nkang, Postgraduate Researcher, Nottingham Law School, 2019
 Florence Nwankwo - Mitigating the Couch Potato Syndrome
Jake: no answer
Jake: no answer
Jake: give me a minute, I’m almost done!
2 hours is the recommended daily screen time for children aged 5-15. Jake, 13 spends an average of 7 hours a day on TV and playing video games. Amidst the excessive screen use, snacking on unhealthy foods and use of other screen devices contribute to making him highly inactive.
Most parents like Jake’s struggle to regulate their children’s screen time use. With childhood obesity rates escalating to 57% according to WHO, increased physical activity is needed to offset the rising increase in screen time.
Young children have the capacity of ditching unhealthy habits considering they are provided with the right tools. My research focuses on using a design-led intervention to get children to break up their screen time with some exercise with the aim of creating a sustained lifestyle habit that will transcend into adulthood.
Copyright courtesy of: Florence Nneoma Nwankwo, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment, 2019
 Chidiebere Brendan Obiechefu - Smartphones Against Bridge Failures
This is the Wilford toll bridge in Nottingham, with a tram making a crossing, and my iPhone doing the recording.
Back at the office, I would be using image processing to extract the bridge’s response information from the images. I’ll then carry on developing and testing my specialised analysis techniques that can characterise these obtained responses. These techniques should tell when a structure is deviating from an ideal state, as well as locate deviant regions. This is my research in summary.
Its ultimate benefit is in that using affordable devices like smartphones and GoPros, early detection of bridge deterioration is possible, thus catastrophes like the bridge failure in Genoa last year can be prevented. I am also transforming the algorithms written to carry out these tasks into a user-friendly software application which when completed, will be made available to students and staff for teaching and research, as well as to bridge asset managers.
Copyright courtesy of: Chidiebere Brendan Obiechefu, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Architecture, Design and Built Environment, 2019
 Daniel Oliver - Towards an Understanding of Abiotic-biotic Interactions for the Development of Novel Biocomposite Materials
The biomimetic approach to Chemistry is looking to harness the mechanisms nature uses to perform
Chemical synthesis with both high yield and good structural control while using green synthesis conditions. Current research in this area is focusing on harnessing these mechanisms to develop synthetic routes to produce high-quality nanoscale materials for future industrial use. My work has focused on studying these processes with Zinc Oxide which is a naturally occurring semiconductor. As scientists we stand on the frontier of knowledge, and upon looking at my sample under the microscope, I noticed this figure, who was also standing at the frontier of the nanoworld.
Copyright courtesy of: Daniel Oliver, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Science and Technology, 2019
 Dr Helen O'Nions - One Summer Day
The image represents 150 desperate people who drowned off the coast of Libya in one incident this summer. Their individual stories and identities are lost to us as they are consumed by the dominant security rhetoric that stresses criminality at the expense of humanity.
It is a small proportion of the 968 migrants who have drowned making the same perilous journey in 2019 alone. Many more will certainly follow as search and rescue remains a highly contested issue. Rescue vessels have been impounded by European governments, their crews threatened with lengthy fines and prison terms. There is also the risk that migrants at sea will be detected and forcibly returned to Libya by Libyan coastguards. Libya does not recognise the Refugee Convention and its detention facilities are widely regarded as barbaric and inhumane. Forcible return is arguably in breach of international humanitarian and human rights law.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Helen O'Nions, Associate Professor in Law, Nottingham Law School, 2019
 Professor Carrie Paechter - Gender, Power and Playgrounds
This image encapsulates the findings of my research on gender, power and school playgrounds. It captures a moment just after the bell has rung for break in a school in Fuzhou, southern China. Already the boys are dominating the space. In particular, they have taken over all the ping-pong tables, as well as most of the rest of the play area. The boys are generally active, running across the space, while the girls are mainly standing around in small groups – and boys and girls are generally playing separately, despite just having emerged from mixed-gender classrooms. This is typical of school playgrounds around the world and reflects my research on how boys and girls use play space in the UK. It was a chance moment – I was visiting the school to see Chinese primary education, and just happened to come onto the balcony overlooking the playground at that moment. However, I think it’s a great visual summary of what my research in this area is about.
Copyright courtesy of: Professor Carrie Paechter, Director of Nottingham Centre for Children Young People and Families, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Chris Pickup - From Science to Exhibition: Scientific Investigation as Public Engagement in our Museums
This image is one of a series taken as a microscopic analysis of the structure of lace from the lace collection at Newstead Abbey. This sample was designed by Henry Freestone who was a student at the School of Art, here in Nottingham in 1862. The photographic technique allows a very high level of magnification and is in fact a composite of 17 separate images all focused progressively deeper into the sample. It enables us to see the incredible complexity of the lace structure. My research is focused on how scientific investigations into museum objects can be employed as exhibition content to be interpreted by the public. This is particulary pertinent for musuems that have no facility to conduct scientific investigation and require a co-productive relationship with a university.
Copyright courtesy of Christopher Pickup, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Science and Technology & School of Arts and Humanities, 2019
 Arijit Sen - Development of an In-situ U-value Measurement System Combining Infrared Thermography and Artificial Intelligence
Can we see heat loss through buildings?
Infrared image can tell us a lot about heat loss through buildings’ wall, window, door and gaps. It helps to determine level of energy efficiency of a building. The house in the right side of this image represents higher heat loss through its wall which tells us it not energy efficient.
Copyright courtesy of: Arijit Sen, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment, 2019
 Michael Skinner - Personalisation: A Consumer Perspective in Online Fashion Consumption
The human body is commonly a dressed body. As consumers, our inboxes are filled with e-mails that invite us to view this season’s style, or looks that are just for us. A large majority of the communications feel like we are just one of many, we can see through the faux pleasantries and benevolence. In others, it feels like the message is just for us, speaking directly to us in that moment, with the brand knowing exactly what we want and then being able to deliver it perfectly. Recently, personalisation seems to be a term commandeered by marketers to make targeting seem more consumer friendly, a way to gain access to data that can be used for targeting. The goal of this research is to find out what personalisation in fashion actually is. Can a personalised experience be manufactured, or are marketers now at the mercy of the consumer?
Copyright courtesy of: Michael Skinner, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Art & Design, 2019
 Anne Stefaniak - Leaky Lakes…the Formation and Evolution of Supraglacial Ponds on Debris-covered Glaciers
Glaciers are responding to climatic changes and as a result glacial lakes are increasing in size and abundance. The Himalayas are undergoing substantial ice loss which is affecting river supply and creating large lakes and ponds which if they breach, can have catastrophic impacts on downstream infrastructure and communities.
Research undertaken in September 2019 shows the resulting supraglacial ponds on the Hinang glacier in the Manaslu region of the Nepalese Himalayas, which have persisted throughout the monsoon season and therefore influence the ablation rates of the glacier.
Bathymetric surveys of the ponds indicate the depth and amount of water held on the glacier to help aid our understanding of the development and evolution of glacial lakes.
Copyright courtesy of: Anne Stefaniak, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences, 2019
 Yousif Al-Daffaie: The [Re)inscription of Memory: Valuing the Informal Practices, Spatial Memory and Local Narratives Within the Physical Recovery of Mosul’s Old Town
The original photo was taken during the ISIS insurgency (labelled for reuse), where thousands of people were forced to evacuate their home town in Mosul’s Old Town. The recreation of the photo emphasises the memory of these people in the same space they are forced out of, redrawing the un-destructed spaces, the functionality and the emotional memories of the locals within their city. The recreation reflects the nature of the research, which is about recapturing the memories of informal practices and stories of Mosul’s Old Town, as a means to set a pathway for reconstructing Mosul’s historic core.
This research is a novel initiative to keep Mosul’s memory, re-inscribing them, and ensuring that the spaces that identify Mosul as Mosul, remain that way.
Copyright courtesy of: Yousif Al-Daffaie, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment, 2019
 Dena Arya - Disrupting the Status Quo and Imagining Alternatives to the System: The Case of the Radicals and Reformers of the Youth Environmental Movement in the UK
This photo was taken in May 2019 at the Scottish Youth Climate Strike in Edinburgh. This strike was part of the Fridays For Future movement, a youth-led part of the environmental movement. The placards in this photo point to the economic system being the force behind our global ecological crisis. This reflects the position of many youth climate strikers who feel that the ecological challenges we face are a result of capitalism’s drive for economic growth. My research is focused on how young people involved in the environmental movement imagine alternatives to this system. I am interested in how the youth of the environmental movement envisage solutions to the ecological crisis and if their own position across the spectrum of economic inequality impacts this. Specifically, how far does affluence impact how radical or reformist young people are in imagining alternatives and solutions to the ecological crisis?
Copyright courtesy of: Dena Arya, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Dr Kyle Baldwin - The Structures of Drying Droplets
“Like watching paint dry” is often used as an expression of boredom, but here in the SOFT group at NTU, we find that processes involved in drying droplets are very far from dull. Our interest has spanned from a purely technical point of view in attempting to solve an ink-jet printing problem known as the “coffee ring effect”, to aiding biomedical diagnosis in identifying diseases from the patterns found in dried droplets of blood. This image has been captured to demonstrate the surprising complexity in a droplet of something very everyday - fairy liquid. It shows that beauty can be found in the most boring places, when one takes a closer look.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Kyle Anthony Baldwin, Senior Lecturer in Physics, School of Science and Technology, 2019
 Anahita Bayani - Inflammation and Computation
What is the link between Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, cancer and diabetes? While we know the answer to this question – it is early perpetual low levels of inflammation, what we do not know yet is how to tackle chronic inflammation effectively. Mathematical models can help in filling this open gap in the understanding of the acute inflammatory response, in a multidisciplinary effort, together with clinicians and biologists, reflecting the collaborative nature of research. This picture represents an early example of an in silico simulation, where running an algorithm is significantly more efficient in terms of time and cost than running lab experiments and, more importantly, does not involve animal testing or invasive patient examinations. In my research, I develop mathematical models of inflammation and investigate key biological mechanisms arising from its spatial spread, aiming at individuating possible therapeutic targets.
Copyright courtesy of: Anahita Bayani, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Science and Technology, 2019
 Dr Matthew Belmonte - Finding and Treating People with Autism, in the NHS and across the Globe
My work began by asking what makes the difference between siblings who develop autism and those who don't: what is it that runs in these autism-susceptible families? What traits do autistic and non-autistic siblings share, and where and when do they begin to diverge from each other? By measuring the timing of electrical activity (top left) and blood oxygenation (top right) in the brain, I've shown that non-autistic siblings (like me) are in between normal and autistic patterns of cognition and our brains, like those of our autistic siblings, get 'stuck' on irrelevant activities - sensory percepts, body movements, even thoughts - and can't let go. Combining this work with insights from autism therapists in India on the link between control of movement and control of cognition, my team has devised computer-assisted tools to help caregivers develop their children's language and to assist community health workers in identifying autistic children.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Matthew Belmonte, Reader in Psychology, School of Social Sciences, 2019
What is it that forms an image on the display screen you are looking at? How does it generate different colours? What if I tell you that it’s a fascinating class of soft condensed matter characterised by the counter intuitive combination of fluidity, anisotropic nature and, long-range order referred as liquid crystals (crystals that flows). My research focuses on understanding of liquid crystals flow in microfluidic environments. The picture shows an air bubble trapped in flowing liquid crystals (black colour) layer. A change in structural order of liquid crystals due to the presence of bubble, shows colours near the bubble surface. Similar to this controlled structural change of liquid crystals is utilised in the display screen.
Copyright courtesy of: Akhshay Bhadwal, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Science and Technology, 2019
 Dr Naomi Braithwaite - Shoe and Tell
“These shoes remind me of unicorns, it is a magical time so that’s why I wore them today…They say I’m wild, magical and sparkle.”
This image and narrative were taken during NTU’s July 2019 Graduation ceremonies. The research intention was to capture and document an individual’s feelings on their identity and experience as they transformed from student to graduate. This student is one of 610 who were interviewed and photographed during Graduation 2019. Her narrative exemplifies how through discussion of shoe choices, individuals have shared their personal stories and emotions on this poignant occasion. My research focuses on shoes as objects that have an intimate relationship with the wearer. Through how they look and feel on the body, I explore their role in communicating identity at key transitional moments in an individual’s life. From the ordinary to the extraordinary, Shoe and Tell captures individuals’ shoe choices and their personal stories.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Naomi Braithwaite, Senior Lecturer, School of Art & Design, 2019
 Nichola Burton - Social Change which Occurred as a Result of Lace Design Education for Young Women in Nottingham (1945-60)
This image depicts my interpretation of Nottingham Lace, inspired by the designs of Amy Atkin, the self-acclaimed first female lace designer - representing observation and interaction with natural form. With my research I am contributing to evidence-based oral histories of women who were offered creative freedom and social mobility after the Second World War. I hope to catalogue the achievements of these revolutionary female designers.
Copyright courtesy of: Nichola Burton, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Art and Design, 2019.
 Dana Church - Computational Design and Topology Optimisation
My research is centred about digital and disruptive design and fabrication technologies.
Digital designs are generated using myriad 3D, VR, Computational Design, and 3D printing processing softwares.
The image presented is the physical output 3D printed by Laser Sintered Nylon. This work uses computational design techniques to optimise the surface area of a 3D model which explores structural and aesthetic materials characteristics, potential, and constraints.
Copyright courtesy of: Dana Church, Innovation Designer, College of Art, Architecture, Design and Humanities, 2019
 Tung Dao - Repair Café & the Right to Repair
This photo was taken at a Nottingham Fixers’ Repair Café event. It shows a noticeboard with a brief instruction that expects visitors to enjoy every moment at the event, simply having a cuppa and a piece of cake while waiting, being curious to meet more friends and learn to repair. Voluntary repairers and visitors, in the background, are attempting to fix electrical items and also sharing fascinating stories drawn from the ownership. The photo just captures one of thousands of similar events throughout the world, annually hosted by enthusiastic volunteers, aiming at saving the life of broken household products in the overproduction and throwaway culture nowadays. Researching on how governments and businesses could facilitate product repair, together with being a Nottingham Fixers’ committee member and joining related social activist platforms, will contribute to unlocking the Right to Repair. Protecting not only consumers, but also local repair shops and supportive organisations.
Copyright courtesy of: Tung Dao, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment, 2019
 Dr Janice Denoncourt - Intellectual Property, Sustainability and Gender Equality: Mine to Market Artisanal Gemstone Mining
Small-scale artisanal mining provides a livelihood for millions of women, many of whom have few other options for supporting their families. Innovation in the mine to market (M2M) value chain underpins better and higher paying employment for women, while supporting financial prosperity and alleviating poverty. Innovation, largely protected by IP rights such as patents, design and brands, is increasingly relevant to value a mineral’s journey from minesite to exclusive jewellery showrooms. My research analyses the role of artisanal mining of gemstones from single source in an M2M context as national economic driver for enhancing gender equality.
I study how Bolivia’s natural resource sector is supporting gender equality. The Anahi Mine, in existence since the 17th c., is the subject of a case study into women’s economic role from isolated minesite to showroom and e-retail platform, enabling them to participate and share Bolivia’s mesmerising highly prized ametrine quartz gemstone jewellery with the world.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Janice Denoncourt, Senior Lecturer in Law, Nottingham Law School, 2019
 Udeme Dickson - Development of Analytical, Phyto- and Myco-remediation for Treatment of Petroleum-contaminated Soils
The image shows sampling for petroleum-contaminated soils and sediments in the Niger Delta, Nigeria which is faced with historic petroleum pollution without readily available remediation means. The petroleum-contaminated soils (sandy, clayey and loamy) and sediments were collected and treated using phyto- and myco-remediation agents (Sunflowers, Ferns, Palm wine and P. ostreatus) at the glasshouse facility of NTU. Up to 100% remediation have been achieved within 10-20 days. The research has also identified available nitrate, electrical conductivity, and the biomakers, dodecane and benzene-1,3-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl), for a quick assessment of petroleum-contaminated soils. These approaches thus provide readily available, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly techniques for management of petroleum-contaminated soils and sediments, and is particularly viable for the Niger Delta, Nigeria.
Copyright courtesy of: Udeme John Dickson, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Agriculture, Rural and Environmental Sciences, 2019
 Dr Andrew Edwards - Electrical Control and Manipulation of Liquids
Droplets are everywhere. From falling rain to splashes of coffee and while seemingly insignificant, these droplets are critical to many natural and industrial processes. Wetting, the process of a droplet spreading over a surface is well documented. Studying the reverse process, the retraction of a liquid over a surface known as dewetting, has proven more challenging due to the need for thin liquid films on non-wetting surfaces. My research focuses on manipulating the wettability of liquid droplets on surfaces with electricity using a reversible technique known as dielectrowetting. This enabled for the first time the controlled study of dewetting phenomena. I took this image while spreading a liquid crystal droplet over a non-wetting surface to a fraction of the thickness of a human hair. Understanding and controlling the physical interactions between a droplet and a surface allows the development of new materials from paints which spread easily to self-cleaning windows.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Andrew Edwards, Research Fellow in Physics, School of Science and Technology, 2019
 Dr Steve Faulkner - The Impact of Aerodynamic Drag on Physiological Cost in Elite Cycling
This image shows a rider from the Huub-Wattbike Test Team in the wind tunnel and the Boardman Performance Centre. The image portrays the importance of equipment design and development in the optimisation of rider performance through aerodynamic optimisation. However, what we are exploring for the first time is the balance between aerodynamic optimisation and physiological cost, in order to determine where the balance lies in terms of aerodynamic optimisation or physiological costs in a diverse range of cycling time trial events, lasting less than 4 minutes up to in excess of 5 hours. The image shows how elite riders must focus not only on their training and physical conditioning, but also the design, development and optimisation of equipment for them as an individual. This research has contributed to the Huub-Wattbike Team’s success at the UCI Track World Cup and National Championships in 2018/19.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Steve Faulkner, Senior Lecturer in Sports Engineering, School of Science and technology, 2019
 Ramani Gallellalage - ‘The Pop-up Pathway’ A Collaborative Framework to Develop Women-owned Temporary Micro-retail Business (Pop-ups) Beyond Five Years
In this empirical, multiple-case-study, I have identified that women micro-retail pop-up owners faced challenges (or the ‘Second Glass Ceiling’) in accessing finance, developing business management skills, engaging in networking and fulfilling their family caring responsibilities. Adopting Participate Action-based Training and strategic management tools (SWOT analysis and TOWS matrix), I have developed a systematic framework named ‘The Pop-up Pathway’ to: assist them to collaboratively engage in networks; empower self-confidence; access to finance and resources; take successful paths to achieve higher goals in a novel way to survive in the UK retail market beyond five years. The study brings research into real-life and actively participate in developing their business propositions and improve the likelihood of success. This photo was taken on 08.09.2019 after a local pop-up event in Nottingham when we introduced the Pop-up Pathway to Heather Mullis, ‘Essential Oil’ retail pop-up owner. The photo depicts Heather and her family with the resource persons: Wanda (friend); Naomi (Yoga Instructor); Paul (Charted Accountant) and Daffile (IT Consultant).
Copyright courtesy of: Ramani Priyadarshani Gallellalage, Postgraduate Researcher, Nottingham Business School, 2019
 Dr Linda Gibson - Strengthening the Health Workforce in Semi Rural Uganda
Mariam is a community health worker (CHW) from a rural district in Uganda. She is pictured in my office in Social Sciences looking at photos of various project work the public health team have done over the last ten years. She spots many of her everyday colleagues, friends and people she knows. We brought her over to the UK to present our latest work, which was funded through NTU’s Global Challenges Research Fund, at the International Health Conference in Oxford with Dr David Musoke, my Ugandan research partner. Delegates at the conference were amazed that a CHW was able to come and co-present our paper about strengthening the knowledge of this vital health workforce who are the front line of health care delivery in communities. Mariam then spent two weeks in Nottingham working with health based community groups exchanging knowledge and sharing practice
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Linda Gibson, Associate Professor in Public Health, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Amen Gokah - The Social-Political Perspective of Immigration Management within Europe- An Analysis of Finland’s Immigration Institutional System
The management of immigration confronts governments the world over. This process is dynamic and evolving, as civil society, private and state institutions become engaged in the management of immigration. In modern days, almost all countries try to firmly control immigration from outside their borders into their territories. Advanced economies like Europe, Australia, and USA continue to attract people from developing and less developed countries. Europe and the European Union has seen an unprecedented rate of migration lately, especially in 2015 where they experienced a crisis of migrant fleeing conflicts, disasters, persecutions and poverty. A large proportion of citizens from cultures that have had long histories with immigration, with efforts at multiculturalism, are now agitating that the proportion of aliens in their nation has outnumbered the acceptable, which is now a major political crisis in these countries. This situation therefore calls for effective institutions to manage the situation from a holistic approach.
Copyright courtesy of: Amen Gokah, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Rev’d Dr Helen Hall - Brave New Worlds: Human Rights and Fantasy Literature
In 1666 Margaret Cavendish wrote a sci-fi novel, arguably the first in world literature. She used it to playfully create an alternative universe, challenging the restrictions on women’s freedom and allowing her heroine to take part in scientific debates where she was not always welcome. In real life her interests earned her the nickname “Mad Madge” as she lived in a time when Captain Cook’s mascot goat could become a member of the Royal Society, but a female human could not. Her story features talking polar bears with telescopes and worms wielding fire-bombs, appealing to our imagination and creativity. Many fantasy authors since have used the “safe space” of fiction to advance human rights dialogue, and ultimately change our society and our law. The image incorporates elements of various authors’ worlds, all of which contributed to the social ferment which ultimately produced modern human rights protection.
Copyright courtesy of: Rev’d Dr Helen Hall, Senior Lecturer, Nottingham Law School, 2019
 Jonathan Hamilton Entry 1 - Communities of Design; Capturing Paul Browns’ Opera Designer Studio in VR, Prototype 1
This project considers how we might authentically document the studio practice of an internationally renowned opera/theatre designer Paul Brown by using traditional and contemporary technologies to communicate an understanding of theatre studio design practice.
There was an urgent need to document Browns’ studio before its dismantling after Browns’ untimely death in 2017. Researcher Jonathan Hamilton sought an alternative to the VR, “gaming aesthetic” that often characterises the medium with a more visually authentic experience capturing optically from the original source.
Browns’ VR studio was made from 3,000 photographs of the space combined in a process called Photogrammetry to create the VR environment. This appears in a series of dots called a Point Cloud, as a highly detailed image in a VR headset. When inside the VR you can walk freely to explore any aspect of Browns small subterranean studio, future versions will feature interactive content revealing Brown’s design process.
Copyright courtesy of: Jonathan Hamilton, Senior Lecturer - Graphic Design, School of Art & Design, 2019
 Jonathan Hamilton Entry 2 - 3D Capturing Opera/Theatre Model Boxes for VR: Pelleas Prototype
Theatre and opera designers realise their concepts for stage as highly resolved scale models called model boxes. The main image shows the 3D capture of the award winning model box designed by Paul Brown for “Pelleas et Mellisande” Glyndebourne Festival Opera 1999.
This first VR prototype was made from 200 photos using Photogrammetry. The view here looks through the floor revealing a view that can only be seen through 3D capture. The project looks to help theatre and opera design teams in production, giving a portable but authentic 3D version of the design and to serve as an accessible archival record for researchers.
Researcher Jonathan Hamilton seeks to 3D capture the structure and material qualities of these complex model box designs for viewing in VR headsets and VR web platforms. Hamilton is working in conjunction with the National Theatre, London and the Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama, Cardiff.
Copyright courtesy of: Jonathan Hamilton, Senior Lecturer - Graphic Design, School of Art & Design, 2019
 Deborah Ikhile - Am I a Researcher?
My PhD focuses on how breast cancer detection can be improved among women in a semi-rural community in Uganda. This picture was taken during field work in Uganda in 2015 for my MA Public Health thesis at NTU, a year before I started my PhD study. It was a focus group discussion with women which was perceived by my study participants as a training session. This perception was largely due to my positionality (as an international researcher) and posture.
Learning from this experience, my PhD study which is a continuation of my MA research has taken careful efforts to ensure that the data collection approach and my positioning are fully focused on learning from and interacting with my study participants.
As a researcher working in international contexts, it is important to constantly ask this question: Am I a perceived as a researcher or trainer?
Copyright courtesy of: Deborah Ikhile, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Kittitath Jenhatakarnkij - The Power of Mass Transit Lines
It is undeniable that mass transit systems bring plenty of benefits to people, industries and whole economies. An announcement of new mass transit lines would make some people very excited. People are not only hoping for the convenience of travelling around cities but also expecting the increase in property prices near the new upcoming transit lines. Although some people sell their houses for large profits due to the mass transit plans, some people buy houses in the same period for speculation. It is difficult to say who makes the right decision.
My research aims to investigate the influence of mass transit lines on condominium prices by using quantitative methods including hedonic regression model. Not only individual people but also the government would use the results of this research making a better decision.
Copyright courtesy of: Kittitath Jenhatakarnkij, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment, 2019
 Jess Johnson - Smile for the Camera!
In the space of just three months in 2019 we have had four rider fatalities in the sport of eventing.
One of these was a 13-year-old girl whose horse fell on top of her during a training exercise, one was in the warm-up ring at an event, and another was at a national championship. This is proof that accidents can occur across the levels of competition.
My research aims to use video footage to analyse and assess horse and rider behaviour with the aim of improving the safety of eventing. We will use gaze-tracking software to investigate where people look while watching eventing video, and determine whether there is a difference between experienced and novice riders. We hope to develop training programmes incorporating video footage for riders, coaches, and officials to reduce the likelihood of serious injury and death.
Copyright courtesy of: Jess Johnson, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Animal, Rural and Environmental Sciences, 2019
 Dr Beth Jones and Dr Filipe Cristino - What Can Our Eyes Tell us About Our Body?
We are constantly exposed to images of the ‘perfect’ male and female body. Subsequently some people become very unhappy with their bodies which can affect mental health and wellbeing. This can be exacerbated for vulnerable populations such as transgender people (those who experience an incongruence between their gender assigned at birth and gender identity). However, we know very little about body image in this population. Our research has been interested in better understanding unhappiness with the body among transgender people. To do this, we have employed a novel methodology which involves tracking people’s eye-movements with state of the art technology when viewing different bodies. We can then map these eye-movements onto a heat map which signify areas of the body people are unhappy with. From these findings we hope that we can design interventions for body image in the transgender population that promote positive wellbeing and quality of life.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Beth Jones, Lecturer in Psychology and Dr Filipe Cristino, Senior Lecturer in Psychology, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Carly-Emma Leachman - Social History is ultimately the study of human experience
My research focuses on the evacuation of expectant mothers from ‘at-risk’ areas during World War Two. They were removed from friends, family and any support network to birth in state-run maternity homes in the country. My thesis aims to add the voices of these women to the historical narrative and explore how this experience helped shape the maternity system right up to the present. I discovered I was expecting my fourth child just a year into my PhD. I had planned to give birth at home but due to an unexpected health complication, had to deliver in hospital. I felt I was as close as it was possible to get to sharing the feelings of those wartime women, away from home and scared, out of my comfort zone. Yet the outcome was of course, one of pure joy.
Copyright courtesy of: Carly-Emma Leachman, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Arts and Humanities, 2019
 Deepti Mahajan - Do you Buy Premium Products?
This is a picture of a purse my friend bought recently. I would invite you to answer the following questions:
How much would you pay for this purse?
How much would you pay for it if I told you an autistic child made it?
How much would you pay for it if I told you this purse was carried by the wife of the Prime Minister of Singapore when she met Michele Obama in the USA?
Does your perception of this purse or the person carrying it change? And if it does, please note that this has nothing to do with the actual quality of the purse!
As consumers we generally consider price as an indicator of quality, but do companies adhere to this relationship between price and product quality? The title of my thesis is Quality as Sustainability: Transforming Consumer Goods Market. The aim of my research is to analyse the role of business strategies in increasing the uptake of longer lasting products. Preliminary results of my research show that counter to expectations, price points, brand perception and company’s intentions to promote product longevity may not be linked. Why this matters? Because if consumers and companies relate product quality and price differently then there is a potential for either of them to make misguided decisions.
Copyright courtesy of: Deepti Mahajan, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment, 2019
 Jessany Marsden - Why Are There Opals?
Opals are beautiful gemstones that uniquely display Play-of-colour. The source of their beauty comes from the diffraction of light within self-assembled, colloidal silica spheres in an ordered arrangement. For an organised arrangement to form, the system must be mono-disperse. Systems of a single size are found in light diffracting precious opal, while a range of sizes is found in milky common opal, these are often found adjacent to each other. My research looks into how mono-disperse systems could arise in nature. This image is taken using a scanning electron microscope, taking multiple images of an area and stitching these together to form a high-resolution image. This image displays clear areas of order and disorder and has a distinct grain boundary. When a range of sphere sizes are produced by a natural process, could there be a process of self-congregation before self-assembly to make the most of the sizes available.
Copyright courtesy of: Jessany Marsden, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Science and Technology, 2019
 Richard Pickford Entry 1 - Where do Problematic Hand Car Washes Appear?
Do you pay somebody to clean your car at a road side hand car wash? Did you know you are supporting the informal economy and contributing to problematic work and environmental practices?
NTU research is helping governmental agencies to understand where hand car washes appear and the local conditions that help support them. Through a combination of fieldwork, online search methods and analytical mapping we are identifying sites within this informal work sector. This research is helping to prioritise the most problematic hand car washes so governmental agencies can shut them down. This image shows our predictive map overlaid with risk classified hand car wash locations across a UK city. Data for this image was gathered with support from two NTU SPUR student researchers during the summer of 2019.
Copyright courtesy of: Richard Pickford, Knowledge Exchange and Impact Officer, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Richard Pickford Entry 2 - Young People and Political Engagement
During Parliament Week we brought together young people from across Nottingham to explore what they thought about politics and their participation in it.
Building on research from Professor Matt Henn on young people’s political engagement, we tested his research with young people from across the city. Working with Nottingham City Council we asked young people to model their perceptions of the political system in the UK. The image presented is a model of the current political system. It represents young people’s belief that they are cut out of the broken political system, which is controlled by a series of individuals on an unattainable pedestal guarded figuratively and literally. Thanks to young people from Nottingham and students from NTU who participated in this event. A follow up session is planned for the autumn and feeds into colleagues’ research on political engagement.
Copyright courtesy of: Richard Pickford, Knowledge Exchange and Impact Officer, School of Social Sciences, 2019
 Dr Dale Richards - Human Factors of Unmanned Systems
The technological development and economic growth in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), or drones, has seen a significant increase over the past decade. Small systems, such as the one pictured here (a DJI Phantom Vision+) represents one of the market leaders in this area. However, as these systems become more capable in terms of sense-and-avoid and, in some cases, making decisions for themselves in terms of flight control, there is a parallel need to understand the human component required. Modern systems often possess advanced automation and autonomy that allow the human to operate the system more effectively. However, Human Factors research has shown that simply automating tasks does not always simply remove human error from the equation. In fact it merely changes the nature of the potential error. Our research at NTU examines the nature of human interaction with these systems and how these technologies are accepted by the public.
Copyright courtesy of: Dr Dale Richards, Senior Lecturer in Human Factors Engineering, School of Science and Technology, 2019
 Abi Spicer - Could a Glass of Water Prevent a Concussion?
Cerebrospinal fluid protects our brains from hitting the skull during head trauma. But, could being dehydrated reduce the cushioning effect? Using high resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging we have been calculating the changes in volume of cerebrospinal fluid before and after contact sports. Our goal is to see if preventing dehydration could be the solution to reduce the severity of traumatic brain injuries in sports.
Copyright courtesy of: Abi Spicer, Research Assistant, School of Science and Technology, 2019
 Kim Western - Creative Technology Education – Interrelationship Between Academic and Industry Practice
My research focuses on the place and function of academic modules on creative technology degree courses. The purpose is to examine where traditional academic practices fit in relation to industry values. My research aims to look at what approaches and developments are needed to increase grading profiles and student retention on academic-based modules for higher education creative industry courses. This image was taken in a Games Art suite, I have uploaded the industry standard software on one screen, a Harvard referencing guide on the dual screen and pens on the keyboard. In an abstract manner this shows the combination of industry and academic skills students learn on creative technology courses. My research aims to explore the barriers to achievement and academic engagement faced by BTEC students studying academic modules.
Copyright courtesy of: Kim Western, Postgraduate Researcher, Institute of Education, 2019
This picture was taken during a workshop I ran at the ArcInTex Network event held at NTU in December 2018. The workshop started at the’ fuzzy front end’ of the design process and participants were challenged to design a product concept for public or transport interiors using electronic-textile. Experimental making was supported by the NTU Makers’ Club and Kitronic (electronic project specialists) offering the multidisciplinary group the opportunity to engage with physical and digital materials to develop their concepts into prototypes. My research explores how human-centred design approaches can be used in the development of electronic textile systems for the interior spaces we live, work and travel in.
Copyright courtesy of: Rachael Wickenden, Postgraduate Researcher, School of Art & Design, 2019