Dr Andy Gritt joined Nottingham Trent University in 2014 as Academic Courses Manager for History and Heritage. He continues to teach undergraduate students, supervise postgraduate students and is research active in a number of areas. Dr Gritt's primary research focus is on British economic and social history, c. 1650-1914, with particular emphasis on agriculture, industrialisation, poverty and welfare, landscape and population history. He also has a research interest in public history, most significantly through his work on family history, but also through his growing work on workhouses as museums.
Dr Gritt worked at the University of Central Lancashire as a Lecturer and Senior lecturer from 2000 to 2014, with a year teaching part-time at the University of Manchester in 2004. Dr Gritt also founded, and directed the Institute of Local and Family History at the University of Central Lancashire from 2001 to 2014, hosting over 120 conferences and study days, and developing and delivering online degree-level family history courses. In 2013 he was temporarily Divisional Leader for History, Politics and Philosophy.
Dr Gritt's work ranges widely across northern history from the early modern to the modern period. After completing his PhD on the agricultural development of south-west Lancashire, 1650-1850, his research has developed to incorporate a broader sweep of issues. This work combines to make Dr Gritt an authority on the long-term social and economic transformation of the north-west of England, including agriculture, industry, welfare, population history and landscape history. This is supported by extensive knowledge of the archival base.
Alongside Dr Gritt's work on the social and economic transformation of the industrial revolution period, he has developed considerable expertise in the field of family history. This incorporates an interest in the academic applicability of family history techniques, but also seeks to understand the deeper role that family history has in contemporary society.
Dr Gritt's current research has several strands, but is mainly focused on the north-west of England in the period 1600-1900.
Poverty and poor law administration in Lancashire, c. 1834-1914
Dr Gritt is engaged in long-term research on poor law administration in 19th-century Lancashire. The first fruits of this research, a joint article with his co-researcher Peter Park, were published by Local Population Studies in 2011. The work has several related strands:
- Poverty, politics and local administration. The New Poor Law of 1834 was not introduced into a political vacuum. Complex layers of local politics and allegiances had a profound affect not only on the implementation of the legislation, but on the nature of the evidence created.
- Workhouse populations. Although a great deal has been written about the evolving legislative framework, the ideological conflicts over welfare systems and the local and central administration of welfare, much less has been written about the workhouse inmates. Who were they? How long did they stay? How frequently did they stay? What was the immediate cause of their poverty?
- The lives of the poor. Individual pauper life histories can help to reveal the complexity of experience and help us to place formal welfare within a wider framework of public assistance, kin support, life cycle, charity and institutionalisation of the poor. Where does welfare fit in the lifetime experience of the poor? In what ways was gender a factor in welfare?
- Poverty and the poor law in the rural north. The rural north sharply contrasts with the rural south in terms of standards of living, wages, employment levels and unrest. The New Poor Law was introduced into an entirely different context in the rural north compared with the rural south. We know relatively little about the role of the New Poor Law in northern rural society. Dr Gritt is combining his ongoing research into northern rural society with work on welfare to reveal new insights into this issue.
- Workhouse museums. The representation of poverty and welfare in a museum and wider heritage context forms an important strand of Dr Gritt's research. This combines two interests: the history of poverty and welfare and the public understanding of history.
Agriculture, industry and landscape: the north west of England, 1650-1914
Dr Gritt is continuing his research on the economic and social history of the north west over an extended time period. Work here concentrates in several related areas:
- Small holder economy and industrial change. Andy has recently published a detailed analysis of the account book of Richard Latham and work on small holders continues. It is clear that, contrary to the views of some, the small holding economy was vibrant, dynamic and fundamental to the industrializing process. Further work in this area is ongoing.
- Landscape history. Dr Gritt is engaged in work on rural and urban landscapes across the north west region including upland and lowland drainage and land improvement in the 18th and 19th Centuries, and urban form and structure in the 19th and 20th Centuries.
Dr Gritt has supervised a number of postgraduate students to completion, and continues to supervise a range of topics.
- A rock or a hard place: the Poor Law Commission's migration scheme, 1835-37
- Aspects of the Built environment of rural south-west Lancashire, c. 1880-1914
- Community and neighbourliness: the topographic spread of the social and economic relationships in an early modern market town, Preston c. 1680-1740
- Crisis in Lancashire: a survey of the 1720s demographic crisis
- Farm mechanisation in SW Lancashire, c. 1945-1960
- The life and career of Sir James Kay Shuttleworth: Perceptions of Class and the Social Development of Burnley
- Three Cumbrian Villages – Land Ownership, Housing and Population – 1881 – 1911
- Unmarried Motherhood, The Experience of Unmarried Mothers in Barrow and the Furness Area Post War 1945-2010.
- Cotton and the community: north-east Lancashire, c. 1880-1939
- Family and community in a Lancashire village: Whittle-le-woods, c. 1890-1928
- Family and Community in 19th Century Colne
- Implementation of the New Poor Law in Preston, 1837-1860
- Patterns of migration from the townships of Pentrobin, Ewloe, Ewloe Wood and Hawarden, Flintshire 1841-1861
- Working class limited companies, c. 1860-1870
Opportunities to carry out postgraduate work towards an MPhil / PhD exist and further information may be obtained from the NTU Graduate School.
- Editor, Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire (2012-2017)
- External examiner, Online Postgraduate Diploma in Local History, Lancaster University (2011-)
- Member of the North West Regional Archives Council (2007- 2012)
- Reviews Editor, Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire (2006-2012)
- Current Council Member, of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire (2006-)
- Treasurer, Local Population Studies (2004-2009)
- Editorial board member, Local Population Studies (2004-2009)
Sponsors and collaborators
Dr Gritt has conducted collaborative research with:
- Dr John Virgoe (Liverpool University), co-editor
- Peter Park (independent scholar), co-author
- Dr Mairtin O'Cathain (University of Central Lancashire), co-editor.
He has extensive experience of working with museums and local voluntary organisations.
The farming and domestic economy of a Lancashire smallholder: Richard Latham and the agricultural revolution, 1724-67. Gritt AJ in (ed) Hoyle RW, The Farmer in England, 1650–1950, 2013, Ashgate
Marriage, family and property accumulation during the agricultural revolution: a case study of a Lancashire parish. Gritt AJ, The Local Historian, 2013, 43, (2)
The workhouse populations of Lancashire in 1881. Gritt AJ and Park P, Local Population Studies, 2011 (86) 37-65
Family history in Lancashire: issues and approaches . Gritt, AJ, 2009, Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Making good land from bad: The drainage of West Lancashire, c. 1650–1850. Gritt AJ, Rural History, 2008, 19, (1), 1-27
Mortality crisis and household structure: an analysis of parish registers and the Compton census, Broughton, Lancashire, 1667-1676. Gritt AJ, Local Population Studies, 2007, 79, 38-65
The operation of lifeleasehold tenure in south-west Lancashire, 1648-1697. Gritt A, Agricultural History Review, 2005, 53, (1), 1-23
The "survival" of service in the English agricultural labour force: lessons from Lancashire, c. 1650-1851. Gritt AJ, Agricultural History Review, 2002, 50, (1), 25-50See all of Andrew Gritt's publications...
Dr Gritt can offer comment on family history; northern history; industrialisation; agricultural history; workhouses, poverty and welfare; and archives.