Adaikala Antonysunil

Adaikala Antonysunil

Lecturer/Senior Lecturer

School of Science & Technology

Staff Group(s)


Dr Antonysunil is a lecturer in Biochemistry, School of Science and Technology and has an interdisciplinary academic background in Nutriepigenomics, Medical Biochemistry, Cell & Molecular Biology and Epidemiology. She is the module leader of ‘Molecular Principles in Biochemistry’ (BIOL14407, level 4). She teaches on other modules such as ‘Introduction to Biochemistry’ (BIOL14404, Level 4), ‘Metabolism and its Control’ (BIOL22071, Level 4) and ‘Living Systems’ (BIOL14406, Level 4).

She investigates the influence of micronutrients, particularly vitamin B12 on epigenetic changes leading to increased metabolic risk.She has honorary research contracts at the University of Warwick, Warwick, UK and at Department of Diabetes & Endocrinology, George Eliot Hospital, Nuneaton, UK.

Career overview

Dr Antonysunil after her Master’s degree in Medical Biochemistry from the University of Madras, India, did her PhD (2006) in the field of diabetes at Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, India. Her PhD focused on one of the large epidemiologic study (Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study - CURES), involving a representative population of Chennai, India to elucidate oxidative damage in diabetes by analyzing biomarkers and mechanistic investigations.

For her post-doctoral-fellowship, she moved to University of Essex, UK (2006) to continue the research in Diabetes related complications and subsequently to the University of Warwick (2007), where she developed a method to analyze protein oxidation biomarkers by liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry (LCMS) and B-vitamins by high-performance-liquid-chromatography (HPLC). In 2010, following her analytical expertise in both diabetes complications and nutritional biomarkers, she moved into an area of research on the investigation of gene-nutrient interactions on metabolic- and cardiovascular disease- related outcomes in delineating the potential epigenetic mechanisms of the micronutrient (vitamin B12) in lipid metabolism and cardiovascular risk.

She investigated the role of B12 in cord blood and type 2 diabetes patients and the epigenetic effects of B12 in regulation of lipid metabolism in human adipocytes. These novel findings led her to investigate the potential mechanisms of B12 on placenta through an Early Career Grant, awarded from the “Society for Endocrinology (2014)”. She also developed an assay for determination of one-carbon (1-C) metabolomics (LCMS) in a large cohort of 4750 multi-ethnic pregnant women (PRiDE study - MRC funded), to investigate the effects of early pregnancy B12 levels on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This led her to secure a post-doctoral grant from “RoseTrees trust (2017)”to investigate the targeted 1-C metabolomics to predict GDM. In 2017, she joined the Nottingham Trent University.

She believes understanding the role of micronutrients on the health of the mother and their babies would offer novel opportunities to reduce the risk of metabolic disease in next generation.

Research areas

Dr Antonysunil’s research focus is Nutriepigenomics, the study of food nutrients and their effects on human health through epigenetic modifications. There is now considerable evidence that nutritional imbalance during pregnancy is linked to non-communicable diseases, such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension and cancer. If metabolic disturbances occur during critical time windows of development, the resulting epigenetic alterations can lead to permanent changes in tissue and organ structure or function and predispose individuals to metabolic disease.

Studies have shown that micronutrient vitamin B12 deficiency is associated with growth restriction in the foetus, increased risk of GDM in the mothers, and adiposity and insulin resistance in the children, neuro-development, sub-fertility and cancer. She has reported in clinical studies that maternal B12 deficiency was associated with higher cord blood lipid levels, with adverse maternal 1-C metabolites and B12 deficiency in T2D patients being associated with an adverse lipid profile in both Europeans and Indians. Her basic studies have shown for the first time in an in vitro model of adipocytes that low B12 was associated with hypomethylation of cholesterol transcription factor and with adipose derived circulating miRs targeting PPARγ and insulin resistance. These important findings raise key questions which encompasses her main research interests.

Main Research areas:

  • Tissue specific epigenetic changes in metabolic tissues such as adipose, liver and placenta
  • Role of miRs at early pregnancy and in cord blood
  • One-carbon metabolomics as early pregnancy biomarkers
  • Understanding the mechanisms of B12 and metformin
  • Role of B12 in bariatric surgery and prolonged use of acid-reflex medications

PhD at NTU:

“Opportunities arise to carry out postgraduate research towards an MPhil / PhD in the areas identified above. Further information may be obtained on the NTU Research Degrees website” or please email Adaikala Antonysunil.

External activity

Member of:

  • Diabetes UK, UK
  • Developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD), UK
  • Society for Endocrinology, UK
  • Biochemical Society, UK
  • European association for the study of diabetes (EASD)
  • The Society for Experimental Biology (SEB), UK

Peer Reviewer of Academic Journals:

  • Scientific Reports
  • Nutrients
  • Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
  • Plos One
  • BMC Obesity
  • Biosciences Reports
  • Journal of Diabetes Research
  • Diabetic Medicine
  • Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
  • Lipids
  • Journal of Experimental Diabetes Research
  • BBA – Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids.

Editorial Board

Henry Journal of Metabolic Syndrome, Pre-diabetes and Diabetes

Sponsors and collaborators

Research Support/Funding:

  • Does targeted first trimester one-carbon metabolomics predict gestational diabetes mellitus? Funded by RoseTrees Trust, 2017 - £20,000 (PI)
  • Does placental leptin adapt to low maternal vitamin B12 during pregnancy? Funded by Society of Endocrinology, 2014 - £10,000 (PI)

National Collaborations:

  • Prof Saravanan Ponnsuamy (University of Warwick, PI – PriDE study)
  • Dr Felino Cagampang (University of Southampton, Metformin & obesity)
  • Dr Sascha Ott (University of Warwick, Bio-informatics)
  • Prof Victor Zammit (University of Warwick, Fatty acid flux analysis)
  • Dr Mark Christian (University of Warwick, MicroRNA in brown fat)
  • Dr Alex Jones (University of Warwick, Proteomics)
  • Dr Craig Webster (Heartlands Hospital, Birmingham, 1-C metabolites)
  • Dr Sarah Finer (Queen Mary’s University of London, Methylation analysis)
  • Dr Rebecca Reynolds (University of Edinburgh, Placental methylation)
  • Dr Patricia Lalore (University of Birmingham, Fatty liver disease)
  • Dr Vimal Karani (University of Reading, Nutrigenetics)
  • Prof Gyanendra Tripathi (University of Westminster, Metabolic disease)
  • Dr Manu Vatish (University of Oxford, Placental dysfunction)

International Collaborations:

  • Prof Elvira Larque (University of Murcia, Spain – Fatty acid profiling by gas chromatogram)
  • Dr Mohan Viswanathan (Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, India – GDM Cohort)
  • Dr Muthusamy Balasubramanyam (Madras Diabetes Research Foundation, India – GDM Cohort)


Research work – 2016/2017:

Low vitamin B12 in pregnancy may raise offspring's diabetes risk, 2016

Published in:

Tap the telomere in type 2 diabetes patients, 2017

See all of Adaikala Antonysunil's publications...