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Iryna Kushnir

Senior Lecturer

Nottingham Institute of Education

Staff Group(s)
Undergraduate and Professional Education


Dr Kushnir is involved with a range of research and teaching activities within the Nottingham Institute of Education and beyond, cooperating with colleagues from other universities in the UK and internationally. She is a qualitative researcher with an interdisciplinary research background. Dr Kushnir also contributes to UG and PG teaching and supervision at Nottingham Institute of Education. Her aim across all of her teaching is to equip students with the core subject knowledge and encourage students to develop critical thinking and understanding of a politicised and complex nature of the link between education and the social order.

Career overview

Dr Kushnir joined the Nottingham Institute of Education in 2018. She previously worked at the University of Sheffield as a University Teacher in Social Policy and a Research Associate on the EU funded Jean Monnet MIGRATE project. She also taught online at Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools in Kazakhstan. Prior to that, Dr Kushnir had been teaching and supervising students on UG and PG Programs in Education and Social Policy at the University of Edinburgh. Dr Kushnir also completed her PhD at Edinburgh. Her project was focused on analysing the process of the recent higher education reform in Ukraine (i.e. the Bologna reform) and examining Bologna as a case of Europeanisation in the post-Soviet context.

Research areas

Dr Kushnir's research expertise combines:

  • Higher education;
  • Education policy;
  • Europeanisation;
  • Post-Soviet transition;
  • Social justice


Authored book

Kushnir, I. (2021). The Bologna Reform in Ukraine: Learning Europeanisation in the Post-Soviet Context. Emerald Publishing.

Articles in academic peer-reviewed journals

Kushnir, I. (2021). The role of the European Education Area  in European Union integration in times of crises . European Review. DOI:  10.1017/S1062798721000016

Kushnir, I. and Spowart, L. (2021). University teacher development courses in the UK neoliberal higher education context. Education in the North, 28.2, 164-170.

Kushnir, I. (2020). The voice of inclusion in the midst of neoliberalist noise in the Bologna Process. European Educational Research Journal. DOI: 10.1177/1474904120941694

Kushnir, I., Kilkey, M. and Strumia, F. (2020). EU integration in the post 'migrant crisis' context: learning new integration modes? European Review, 28.2, 306-324.

Kushnir, I. (2020). Forced migration and education. Education in the North, 27.1, 141-147.

Fimyar, O. Kushnir, I. and Vitrukh, M. (2019). Understanding Ukrainian pedagogical sciences through textbook analysis of four ''Pedagogy' textbooks. European Educational Research Journal, 18.5, 499-512.

Kushnir, I. (2019). Policy Learning in the Development of Bologna Study Cycles in Ukraine. Higher Education Policy. DOI: 10.1057/s41307-018-00133-x

Kushnir, I. (2019). The development of policy actors involved in the Bologna Reform in Ukraine. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 52.2, 117-128.

Kushnir, I. (2017). The development of a system of study credits in Ukraine: the case of policy layering in the Bologna Process. European Journal of Higher Education, 7.2, 188-202.

Kushnir, I. (2016). Exploring research potential: the Bologna reform and Europeanisation beyond the European Union in the case of Norway. Education in the North, 23.2, 141-147.

Kushnir, I. (2016). The Role of the Bologna Process in Defining Europe. European Educational Research Journal, 15.5, 1-12. (Before publishing, this paper received Best Paper Award at the EERA Emerging Researchers’ Conference in Sep, 2015)

Kushnir, I. (2015). Expanding the Horizons of the Referentiality Approach. Cambridge Open-Review Educational Research e-Journal, 1.2, 139-153.

Kushnir, I. (2015). The Limits of Soft Governance in Harmonization in the European Higher Education Area. Educate: The Journal of Doctoral Research in Education, 15.1, 11-21.

Kushnir, I. (2014). The Bologna Process as a Policy Transfer Issue. Cambridge Open-Review Educational Research e-Journal, 1.1, 59-73.

Book chapter

Prodromidou, A., Gkasis, P., Kushnir, I., Kilkey, M. and Strumia F. (2019). ‘Introduction’. In Prodromidou, A. and Gkasis, P. (ed.) Along the Balkan Route: The Impact of the Post-2014 ‘Migrant Crisis’ on the EU’s South East Periphery. Berlin: Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.

See all of Dr Iryna Kushnir's publications...