Nottingham missing out on employment growth
The number of people in employment in Nottingham has recently fallen below the pre-recession level, latest research from Nottingham Civic Exchange has revealed.
This is despite national figures indicating employment is at a record high and a message from the Chancellor of the Exchequer that “there is now higher employment and lower unemployment in every region and every nation of the United Kingdom.”
The Civic Exchange, a place-based think tank at Nottingham Trent University, has delved beneath the ONS’s national and regional figures to reveal the true picture of Nottingham’s economy as it strives to find what is needed to make it a ‘good work’ city.
The Laying the Foundations of a Good Work City being presented at a breakfast briefing at the University this morning (March 27), highlights five key points for Nottingham:
- Nottingham’s employment rate is the lowest of all the major cities in the UK
- Employment in Nottingham fell sharply between 2015 and 2017 and is now close to the low point that followed the recession, at 57% in 2017 compared to 55% in 2010.
- Wealth is generated in abundance here but that doesn’t make its way to all households
- Nottingham workplaces produce higher levels of output than the regional average but the city has the lowest household income in the UK
- Full time roles have been disappearing
- Whilst the number working part-time in Nottingham has been relatively stable, the number working full-time fell by 12% between 2015-17
- Nottingham is dominated by one employment sector
- Nottingham has one of the highest proportions of workplace-based employment in the Business Administration and Support Services sector in the UK, which mainly comprises of back-office services and agency work. Employment in this sector is particularly vulnerable to shocks from demand from other service sectors suddenly dropping and from roles being automated.
- You get paid less in Nottingham than in other major UK cities
- Although the average earnings for people working in Nottingham are closer to the UK average than those of residents, they are growing more slowly than average so the gap with the UK has widened over the decade since 2007.
The report, analysing ONS statistics, also notes there is a corresponding decline in people’s personal wellbeing and happiness. Anxiety in both Nottingham and Nottinghamshire fell and then increased, with Nottingham increasing significantly between 2015/16 and 17/18, corresponding with the recent period in which the city’s labour market appears to have weakened.
And it raises concerns about the figures masking an issue with ‘hidden unemployment’, in particular the number of people who were economically inactive with long-term illnesses. This figure increased from 14,800 in the year Jan-Dec 2007 to 20,800 in Jan – Dec 2017.
The research has, however, shown that there has been progress made in increasing skills levels in the city.
Chris Lawton, an associate of the Civic Exchange and senior lecturer at NTU’s Nottingham Business School, said: “The data presented in this report shows that it is not a simple story of Nottingham residents not being skilled enough for high paid jobs. In fact the good news story is that upskilling has been successful and there now appears to be a match in the skilled workers needed for the jobs available. Nor does it appear that the city is extraordinarily suffering from the post-recession phenomena of ‘gig’ based or otherwise precarious work as investigated by the Taylor Review. However what we are seeing is that, although Nottingham is a relatively large economy, the way that its economic activity is structured is not necessarily conducive either to ‘good work’ or productive, sustainable growth.”
Dr Paula Black, Director of Nottingham Civic Exchange, said: “What we’ve highlighted is how important it is to look below the national and regional data and challenge narratives on work.
“In highlighting Nottingham’s current challenges, which are in some cases quite different from the national picture, we have demonstrated that national metrics may miss or underrepresent pressing local issues. These have largescale implications for how local authorities, Local Economic Partnerships and businesses consider their strategies.”
The Civic Exchange is also working to explore how people experiencing economic insecurity feel, in order to give the fuller picture behind the statistics to help inform policy in the best way possible as the Civic Exchange continues to its efforts to make Nottingham a Good Work city.
Dr Black added: “Helping Nottingham to become recognised as a city which champions Good Work can’t be accomplished by one organisation or approach. Good Work Nottingham requires action from a multitude of stakeholders. We need to create opportunities to listen to and work with local people and businesses to help make a difference and create Nottingham as a place, which cherishes and supports everyone who works and lives here.”
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About Nottingham Trent University
Nottingham Trent University (NTU) was named University of the Year 2017 at the Times Higher Education Awards, and Modern University of the Year in the Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2018. These awards recognise NTU for its high levels of student satisfaction, its quality of teaching, its engagement with employers, and its overall student experience.
NTU has been rated Gold in the Government’s Teaching Excellence Framework – the highest ranking available.
NTU is one of the largest UK universities. With 30,000 students and more than 4,000 staff located across four campuses, the University contributes £900m to the UK economy every year. It is one of the UK’s most environmentally friendly universities, containing some of the sector’s most inspiring and efficient award-winning buildings. 96% of its graduates go on to employment or further education within six months of leaving.
About Nottingham Civic Exchange
Nottingham Civic Exchange is the only university place-based think tank created to carry out original research designed to influence government policy affecting its region’s population.
Its research will be carried out with and by the communities in Nottinghamshire, helping to empower citizens.
Nottingham missing out on employment growth
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