Common spice turmeric improves recovery in professional footballers, study suggests
Consuming turmeric – the oriental spice often used in cooking - accelerates post-match recovery in professional footballers, a study has shown.
Researchers at Nottingham Trent University found that drinking a 60ml turmeric drink twice-a-day allowed players to return to their pre-game fitness faster than those who did not.
Playing football causes muscle damage in players and an inflammatory response – and their rapid recovery is crucial to optimising their next performance and reducing injury risk.
The active ingredient in turmeric is curcumin – known to have anti-inflammatory properties – and previous studies have found that curcumin supplementation can reduce soreness following muscle-damaging exercise.
This process appears to be aided by a reduction in pro-inflammatory proteins in the blood, known as cytokines, which increase in response to a stress, such as intense exercise.
The Nottingham researchers are the first to demonstrate that a curcumin-containing supplement can reduce pro-inflammatory cytokine concentrations in the blood and muscle soreness in elite professional footballers.
The supplements used in the study were provided by the Turmeric Co. and players were split into two groups, those who drank the turmeric shot and those who did not. Leg and whole-body soreness and markers of inflammation in the blood were measured at various stages for up to three days post-match.
The team found that the turmeric group returned to baseline levels of subjective soreness and blood markers of inflammation quicker than the group that did not consume turmeric.
“Our findings suggest that the turmeric supplement accelerated players’ recovery after matches, allowing them to return to their optimum fitness level more quickly,” said lead researcher Dr Dave Clayton from Nottingham Trent University’s School of Science and Technology.
He said: “Elite footballers have a physically demanding schedule, often playing up to three matches in a 7-day period. This causes a large degree of inflammation and pain after games. If this is not alleviated, previous research has shown this can result in poorer performance in their next match.
“Our study suggests that a turmeric supplement, consumed as an easy to drink 60mL shot twice a day, can reduce the degree of inflammatory and muscle soreness that elite players experience after a match.”
Fellow researcher Dr Ian Varley added, ‘There are various products that are marketed to aid recovery from strenuous exercise. This pilot study provides some mechanistic insight that turmeric maybe a convenient and viable method to boost recovery’.
Thomas Robson-Kanu, founder and CEO of The Turmeric Co., said: “The Turmeric Co.’s formula was developed at the beginning of my football career to support my recovery from a severe injury. Sharing my personal experience using the shots and publicising reviews from customers can only go so far, so this scientific validation gives further peace of mind to those who are suffering from inflammation and seek a remedy with no side effects.
“We look forward to working further with Nottingham Trent University to highlight the many benefits of natural, functional nutrition.”
The study is published in the journal Frontiers in Nutrition.
Notes for editors
Nottingham Trent University (NTU) received the Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education in 2021 for cultural heritage science research. It is the second time that NTU has been bestowed the honour of receiving a Queen’s Anniversary Prize for its research, the first being in 2015 for leading-edge research on the safety and security of global citizens.
The Research Excellence Framework (2021) classed 83% of NTU’s research activity as either world-leading or internationally excellent. 86% of NTU’s research impact was assessed to be either world-leading or internationally excellent.
NTU was awarded The Times and The Sunday Times Modern University of the Year 2023 and ranked University of the Year in the Whatuni Student Choice Awards 2023. It was awarded Outstanding Support for Students 2020 (Times Higher Education Awards), University of the Year 2019 (Guardian University Awards, UK Social Mobility Awards), Modern University of the Year 2018 (Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide) and University of the Year 2017 (Times Higher Education Awards).
- Subject area: Sciences including sport sciences
- Category: Press office; Research; School of Science and Technology