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Medical Engineering Design Research Group

Group

Overview

The Medical Engineering Design Research Group (MEDRG) at Nottingham Trent University is an interdisciplinary group, which brings together a wide range of academics, clinicians, surgeons, healthcare companies and other medical professionals whose interests focus on medical product design across a wide range of research specialisms.

These include wearable technologies, additive and subtractive manufacturing for medical applications, biomimetics, surgical robotics, augmented/virtual/immersive technologies and environments, and investigative research related to the utilisation of ‘smart materials’ for medical applications.

The Medical Engineering Design Research Group (MEDRG) focuses its research on six main areas of:

  • Software Enabled Surgery
  • Medical Devices and Systems Development
  • Robotic Technologies for Surgical Applications
  • Medical Technologies and Interaction Design
  • Mixed Reality and Immersive Systems for Medical Applications
  • Additive Manufacturing

The research group seeks to address the changing needs of medical research, including:

  • Medical device development and additive manufacturing processes.
  • Health management and rehabilitation - including mobile applications.
  • Biomaterials - including dental, cardiovascular, ophthalmics and orthopaedics.
  • Emergency medical care, systems and procedures.

The MEDRG research group also has separate research interests linked to improvements in process control using the latest technologies, this research is currently in collaboration with a global food and drinks company.

The MEDRG research group lead innovative research linked to the combined use of Computer Aided Design (CAD) printing systems and layer manufacturing techniques to produce medical devices which have a uniform composition.

We are looking to generate research income through the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), NIHR i4i fund, EPSRC, Innovate U.K., Wellcome Trust and Horizon 2020.

Research Group Director

Professor Philip Breedon
phillip.breedon@ntu.ac.uk
Telephone: +44 (0)115 848 6424

Professor Phillip Breedon Inaugural Lecture

The emphasis of this lecture was on new and emerging technologies and materials and their potential link with innovative design. Professor Breedon briefly introduced and discussed a number of smart materials and technologies and their application and through examples showed how Biomimetics is used to investigate the structure and purpose of biological systems as models for design.

Professor Breedon also shared how this research interest is linked to a number of research projects that are being undertaken by the Medical Engineering Design Research Group. This research specifically relates to medical device development and includes facial palsy after stroke, hip resurfacing, facial reanimation and additive manufacturing. Below are links to external press coverage on this lecture:

Core services we offer include:

  • Innovative product development for the medical industry.
  • Medical / surgical robotics.
  • Rapid prototyping with SLA and FDM 3D printing standard, engineering, ceramic and dental material capabilities.
  • Multi-material 3D printing.
  • Translation of medical technology for product manufacture.
  • Fundamental and applied research on novel medical technologies
  • Use of VR (Virtual Reality) and AR (Augmented Reality) technologies for medical applications.
  • Flexible electronics printing.
  • Brain-computer interfaces (BCI)
  • Hardware Interface Design and Development.
  • User Interface & User Experience Design and Development.
  • Materialise Mimics 3D image processing software for modelling human anatomy.

For information about the Medical Engineering Design Research Group, or about research or collaboration opportunities, please contact the director of the research group Professor Philip Breedon.

Collaboration

The number of partners addresses the School’s research strategy by focussing research and is external facing, with the potential to provide high quality outputs. The PhD experience is significantly enhanced by providing real world, high impact research projects to potential students.

  1. B.Braun Medical Ltd.
  2. Medilink (EM)
  3. Trent Cardiac Centre
  4. Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
  5. Queen Victoria Hospital, West Sussex
  6. Princess Royal Spinal Injuries Centre, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
  7. NIHR Leicester Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit
  8. University of Nottingham
  9. University of East Anglia
  10. Vivo Smart Medical Devices
  11. PepsiCo Europe
  12. KUKA Robotics
  13. RAR UK Automation
  14. Sheffield Hallam University
  15. John Pacey-Lowrie- Ocular prosthetics
  16. ICON Clinical Research Ltd.
  17. CRF Bracket
  18. Maddison – Medical Product Design Consultants
  19. Product Design Research Group – Cardiff
  20. Emteq ltd
  21. Facial Palsy UK
  22. Coventry University
  23. Design Research Society - SIG
  24. Nottinghamshire MIND Network
  25. Datalink Electronics

RoboDK software is being used for simulation and offline programming of industrial robots. Please find further information on the RoboDK website

Related Staff

Academics

  • Professor Philip Breedon, Director, Medical Engineering Design Research Group (NTU)
  • Professor Pip Logan, Professor of Rehabilitation Research, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences (UoN)
  • Dr Prashant Jindal, Commonwealth Rutherford Fellow (Assistant Professor, UIET, Panjab University)

Research Fellows

Research Assistants

Clinical / Medical Collaborators

  • Clinical Professor Michael Vloeberghs, Consultant Neurosurgeon (Visiting Professor, NUH Trust)
  • Clinical Professor Bronek Boszczyk, Chief Physician Spine Centre, Benedictus Hospital Tutzing, Germany (Visiting Professor)
  • Dr Nigel Bedforth, Consultant Anaesthetist and Honorary Associate Professor (QMC, Nottingham)
  • Dr David Hewson, Anaesthetic Registrar and Clinical Assistant Professor (QMC, Nottingham)
  • Mr Saqib Qureshi, Trust Grade SPR in Thoracic Surgery, Trent Cardiac Centre Nottingham
  • Mr Charles Nduka, Consultant Plastic, Reconstructive and Cosmetic surgeon (QVH, West Sussex)
  • Dr James Armstrong, Consultant Paediatric Anaesthetist (NUH Trust)
  • Dr Andy Norris, Consultant Anaesthetist & Honorary (Clinical) Associate Professor (NHS) (NUH Trust)
  • John Pacey-Lowrie, Ocular Prosthetics (JPL)
  • Dr Bill Byrom: Vice President of Product Strategy and Innovation (CRF Bracket)

Research Students

  • Francesco Luke Siena (full-time PhD student) – The Application of Smart Materials in the Development of Medical Devices for Emergency Airway Access.
  • Ghayth AlMahadin (full time PhD student) - Objective measurement of movement disorder symptoms remotely and within clinic.
  • PepsiCo full time PhD student (T.B.C.) - Additive Manufacturing for Modular Robotic System Design. Commences January 2019.

Current Student Projects

MSc Design: Products & Technology

  • Nikki Sizer - Pressure Monitoring Device For Use in Surgery and Intensive Care

Undergraduate BSc. (Hons) Product Design (Undergraduate)

  • Adam Brown – Individual Survival Unit (ISU)
  • Jarvis Jeffery – Development Of A Foot Pressure Measuring Plate For Detection Of Flat Feet Deformities
  • William Jones – Design Of An Exoskeleton Hand Glove For Measuring Finger Joint Movements.
  • Connor Whyley – Development Of A Robot Surgery Stand (ScoliBot)
  • Bethany Wignall – Improving The Delivery Of Regional Anaesthesia Peripheral Nerve Blocks
  • Sherin Shibu – Improving The Life Of A Bruxer
  • Olivia Killeya – Additively Manufactured Device For A Cyclist Arm Support
  • Fiaz Faruque – Development Of A Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema) Management Device

Media Publicity

Facilities

  • UR5 Robots x3
  • UR10 Robot
  • Omron Autonomous Intelligent Vehicle
  • Eschmann T20 m+ Operating Theatre Table
  • Simbodies – Adult Male
  • HP Sprout 3D table- top Scanner
  • Formlabs Form 2 X2, with access to Standard, Engineering, Jewellery, Ceramic and Dentistry Materials.
  • Prusa Multi Material 3D Printer
  • Form Wash and Cure Stations
  • HPE Server Computers (Access only)
  • Silicone Casting System
  • Sauter Force Measurement Devices & Motorised test stand for laboratory applications (Fully Calibrated)
  • OS-300-2 Durometer & Test Stand for Shore “A” (Fully Calibrated)
  • Google Glass
  • Vuzix Blade: Augmented Reality (AR) Smart Glasses
  • Emotiv Headsets
  • Microsoft HoloLens
  • FOVE VR Eye Tracking Headset
  • Assortment Of Mobile VR Headsets Including: Samsung Gear VR, Google Daydream
  • VR Headsets Including: Oculus Rifts DK2 and CV, HTC VIVE Pro, Lenovo Explorer Mixed Reality Headset
  • Dimatix Fujifilm Electronics Printer
  • Industrial Software: SolidWorks, Adobe Suite, Ansys, AutoDesk Suite, 3Ds Max, Unity
  • Intel RealSense 3D Vision System & Assortment Of Cameras
  • Cyberith Virtualizer Virtual Reality Treadmill
  • OpenMV Cam m7 Embedded Vision System

Related Projects

ScoliBOT

A Co-robotic spinal surgery robot with a continuous contact datum to perform surgery with pinpoint accuracy. Using two robots, one using a tool and the other with a datum point, the system will drill accurately to the movement of the patient.

FRAME (Facial Remote Activity Monitoring Eyewear)

The project focuses on developing a pair of haptic feedback EMG sensor glasses and a mobile application to assist patients with Bell’s Palsy in their rehabilitation and exercises.

Interface 3D

3D facial tracking software using the Microsoft Kinect to assist stroke victims with their daily rehabilitation exercises

Robotic Spinal Assistant

An assistant during spinal surgery for the use of the surgeon, providing lighting, video recording and tool changes.

Novel Steerable Bougie

This project focuses on the development of a novel “Steerable Bougie” that will improve the speed and safety of endotracheal intubation in anaesthesia and critical care.

Patient Maintained Sedation Device

The project improves patient sedation through self- administered modification of infusion with anaesthetist supervision.

PepsiCo Europe

Research and development of a robotic end effector and interface to improve efficiency and productivity.
RoboDK software is being used for simulation and offline programming of industrial robots.
https://www.robodk.com/

Wearable Headsets in Spinal Surgery

This project focuses on improving the efficiency of the Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy neurosurgical procedure through the use of wearable headsets such as Google Glass.

Responsive Ocular Prosthetics

A research project into the design and development of an adaptive iris ocular implant and focus on the utilisation of smart materials to provide a responsive ocular prosthetic.

Commonwealth Rutherford Fellowship

Developing and designing a 3D manufacturing process to achieve the precision, biocompatibility and mechanical properties required of a bone graft.

Mobile Emotion Tracking Depression Project

Emotion tracking mobile platform for the monitoring and measurement of depression through the assessment of emotion change and engagement.

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal Publications

  • Siena, F.L., Byrom, B., Watts, P. and Breedon, P., 2018. Utilising the Intel RealSense camera for measuring health outcomes in clinical research. Journal of Medical Systems, 42 (3): 53. ISSN 0148-5598
  • Siena, F.L, Breedon, P., Armstrong, J., Marsh, P. and Watts, P., 2017. Performance analysis for difficult airway equipment: standardising for success. Journal of Health Design, 2 (4), pp. 39-41. ISSN 2206-785X
  • Breedon, Siena, F and Armstrong, J, 2017. Tracheal intubation: improving first pass success with smart material solutions. The Journal of Health Design, 2 (3), pp. 15-18. ISSN 2206-785X
  • Breedon, P, Logan, P, Pearce, D, Edmans, J, Childs, B and O'Brien, R, 2017. Face to face: an interactive facial exercise system for stroke patients with facial weakness. In: Powell, W, Rizzo, A, Sharkey, PM and Merrick, J, eds., Rehabilitation: innovations and challenges in the use of virtual reality technologies. Disability studies . New York: Nova Science, pp. 73-89. ISBN 9781536120806
  • Siena, FL., Breedon, P., Armstrong, J., Inkpin, K and Norris, A, 2016. Development Of A Novel Steerable Bougie. Australasian Medical Journal, 9 (5), pp. 124-137. ISSN 1836-1935
  • Breedon, P, Byrom, B, Siena, L and Muehlhausen, W, 2016. Enhancing the Measurement of Clinical Outcomes Using Microsoft Kinect. In: Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Interactive Technologies and Games (iTAG 2016), Nottingham, 26-27 October 2016. Los Alamitos, CA: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 61-69. ISBN 9781509037384
  • Breedon, P, Logan, P, Pearce, D, Edmans, J, Childs, B and O'Brien, R, 2016. Face to face: an interactive facial exercise system for stroke patients with facial weakness. In: Sharkey, P and Rizzo, AS, eds., Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies (ICDVRAT 2016), Los Angeles, California, USA, 20-22 September 2016. Reading: University of Reading, pp. 233-240. ISBN 9780704915473
  • Byrom, B, Breedon, P, and Muehlhausen, W, 2016. A Review Evaluating the Validity of Motion-Based Gaming Platforms to Measure Clinical Outcomes in Clinical Research. Value in Health, 19 (7), A357-A358. ISSN 1098-3015
  • Golab, MR, Breedon, P, and Vloeberghs, M, 2016. A wearable headset for monitoring electromyography responses within spinal surgery. European Spine Journal. ISSN 0940-6719
  • King, D and Breedon, P, 2014. Cooperative Object Recognition: Behaviours of a Artificially Evolved Swarm. In: Dorigo, M, Birattari, M, Garnier, S, Hamann, H, Montes de Oca, M, Solnon, Christine and Stützle, T, eds., Swarm Intelligence: 9th International Conference, ANTS 2014, Brussels, Belgium, September 10-12, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture notes in computer science (8667). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International, pp. 214-221. ISBN 9783319099514
  • Breedon, P, Russell, A, Logan, P, Newell, O, O'Brien, B, Edmans, J, Baines, D and Hall, P, 2014. First for stroke: using the Microsoft ‘Kinect’ as a facial paralysis stroke rehabilitation tool. International Journal of Integrated Care, 14 (8). ISSN 1568-4156
  • Breedon, P, and Lowrie, JP, 2013. Life-like prosthetic eyes: the call for smart materials. Expert Review of Ophthalmology, 8 (4), pp. 315-316. ISSN 1746-9899
  • Glazzard, M and Breedon, 2013. Weft-knitted auxetic textile design. Physica Status Solidi - Basic Research, 251 (2), pp. 267-272. ISSN 0370-1972
  • Glazzard, M and Breedon, P, 2013. Exploring 3D-printed structures through textile design. In: Wallace, J, Yee, J and Durrant, A, eds., Praxis + Poetics: Research Through Design 2013 Conference Proceedings. The Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art, Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead, 3-5 September 2013. Newcastle upon Tyne: Northumbria University, pp. 51-54. ISBN 9780954958794
  • Breedon P. and Pacey-Lowerie J., 2013, Life-like Prosthetic Eyes : the Call for Smart Materials, Expert Review of Ophthalmology,Vol.8,No4,00315-316.
  • Coulter, F., Breedon, P. and Vloeberghs, M., 2011. Dynamic Facial Prosthetics for Sufferers of Facial Paralysis, Australasian Medical Journal, Vol.4, No.10, pp.555-562 (doi: 10.4066/AMJ.2011.921) ISSN 1836-1935
  • Arthur, L and Breedon, P, 2011. Disruptive design innovation: reflections on the relationship of design, science and art. Design Principles and Practices: an International Journal.
  • Breedon, P, and Arthur, L, 2011. Science and art: a multidisciplinary understanding. The International Journal of Science in Society, 2 (1), pp. 263-270.
  • King, D and Breedon, PJ, 2011. Towards cooperative swarm recognition: object classification and validity, key engineering materials. Advanced Design and Manufacture III, 450, pp. 320-324.
  • Breedon, P, and Vloeberghs, M, 2011. Artificial facial muscles: experimental design and the control of smart materials. Public Service Review: Central Government (23), pp. 82-83.
  • Breedon, P and Arthur, L, 2011. Science and art: a multidisciplinary understanding. The International Journal of Science in Society, 2 (1), pp. 263-270.
  • Breedon, P, Arthur, L and Marsh, P, 2010. Inspiring creativity and design innovation: multidisciplinary embedded design. Design Principles and Practices: an International Journal, 1 (1), pp. 443-454.
  • Breedon, P, Arthur, L and Marsh, P, 2010. Technical proficiency for designers: underpinning creativity and problem solving with robotics and AI n. AIEDAM, 24 (3).
  • Breedon P and Vloeberghs M, 2009, Application of shape memory alloys in facial nerve paralysis, Australasian Medical Journal, 1, 11, 129-135. Doi 10.4066/AMJ.2009.86
  • Breedon, P, 2009. Developing tomorrow's innovative surgical solutions. Australasian Medical Journal, 1 (11), pp. 152-153.
  • Breedon, PJ. Update on designing for the 21st Century [feature]. Podium (6), pp. 4-5.
  • Lycouris, S, Billing, J, Cordingley, T and Breedon, PJ, 2007. The snake project: an interdisciplinary framework of discussion. Scope: Contemporary Research Topics (Art), 2, pp. 42-65. ISSN 1177-5653
  • Breedon, PJ, Sivayoganathan, K, Balendran, V and Al-Dabass, D, 2002. Multi axis fuzzy control and performance analysis for an industrial robot. In: 2002-WCCI, IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE), 12 May 2002. pp. 500-505. ISBN 0780372808

Invited Papers

  • Breedon P and Vloeberghs M, 2012, Artificial facial muscles: Experimental design and the control of smart materials, Public Service Review: Central Government: issue 23,pp. 82-83.

Invited Guest Lectures

  • Breedon, P., 2018. New Technologies for Medical Research. In: Materials and Engineering Research Institute (MERI), Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, 5 February 2018.
  • Breedon, P., 2017. Cooperative surgical robotics with bimanual intervention. In: NSpine Main Conference, Royal College of Surgeons, London, 12-15 June 2017.
  • Breedon, P., 2017. Keynote Lecture: Outlook on the future of additive manufacturing abilities. In: NSpine Main Conference, Royal College of Surgeons, London, 12-15 June 2017.
  • Breedon, P., 2017. Cooperative robotics for surgical applications. In: Medilink EM: Medical Technologies & Systems Special Interest Group (SIG), Park Inn Hotel, Nottingham, 16 May 2017.
  • Breedon, P., 2017. Cooperative robotics: the ScoliBOT. In: BioSpine 2017: 6th International Congress on Biotechnologies for Spinal Surgery, Langenbeck-Virchow-Haus, Berlin, Germany, 26-28 April 2017.
  • Breedon, P., 2017. Additive manufacturing technologies for medical devices. In: BioSpine 2017: 6th International Congress on Biotechnologies for Spinal Surgery, Langenbeck-Virchow-Haus, Berlin, Germany, 26-28 April 2017.
  • Breedon, Russell, A, Logan, P, Newell, O, O'Brien, B, Baines, D, Hall, P and Edmans, J, 2014. First for Stroke: Using the Microsoft 'Kinect' as a facial paralysis stroke rehabilitation tool. In: International Digital Health and Care Congress: Improving Health Through the Use of Technology, The King's Fund, London, 10-12 September 2014.
  • Breedon, P, Arthur, L and Coulter, F, 2012. An open source hardware and software platform for interdisciplinary design: electronics, interfacing and programming for the designer. In: Technology Knowledge and Society Conference, University of California, Los Angeles, 16-18 January 2012, Los Angeles.
  • Breedon, P, and Papastavrou E, 2012, Additive Manufacturing of Functionally Graded Materials for Applications in Orthopaedics, Biofit 2012,SIG,Biomat-IN Lille, France, December 3rd-4th.
  • Breedon P., 2012, Flexible circuitry for Electro Active Polymers and Bio-Sensors, Research to Industry (R2i) electronics conference, Henry Ford College, Loughborough University, 19 June, 2012.
  • Breedon P., 2011, Multidisciplinary Design: In Vivo Implants and Smart Materials, Second Annual Art & Design and Built Environment Research Conference, Nottingham, 7 July 2011.
  • Breedon P, 2010, Health and Design Innovation, TED event/lecture series, University of Montréal, Canada, 1 October, 2010
  • Breedon P, 2010, Biomimetics for Design, Copenhagen University College of Engineering, 13 – 14 April, 2010
  • Breedon P, 2009, Smart Materials, UK Trade and Industry, UK Mission to New Zealand on Smart Materials and Textiles, November 16 - 20, 2009

Conferences

  • Breedon, P, Watts, P, Cox, G, Szczepura, A, Baines, D, Johnson, K, Venables, V, and Nduka, C, 2016. F.R.A.M.E - Facial Remote Activity Monitoring Eyewear. In: 11th International Conference on Interfaces and Human Computer Interaction, Olaias Park Hotel, Lisbon, Portugal, 21 – 23 July 2017.
  • Papastavrou, E, Breedon, P, and Fairhurst, 2016. Incorporating self-assembly into additive manufacturing techniques for applications in hard tissue engineering. In: IOP PGS Conference: Printing for the Future Conference, Institute of Physics, London, 19 January 2016.
  • Papastavrou, E, Breedon, P, and Fairhurst, 2016. Incorporating self-assembly into additive manufacturing techniques for applications in hard tissue engineering. In: IOP PGS Conference: Printing for the Future Conference, Institute of Physics, London.
  • Edmans, J, Logan, P, Russell, A, Childs, P, O'Brien, B, Newell, O, Hall, P and Breedon, 2014. Use of a service user group in the development of a rehabilitation system. In: UK Stroke Forum 2014, Harrogate International Conference Centre, Harrogate, 2-4 December 2014.
  • Gamlin, A, Breedon, P, and Benachir, M, 2014. Virtual reality simulation deployment in a lean manufacturing environment. In: Interactive Technologies and Games Conference, ITAG 2014, The Council House, Nottingham, 16-17 October 2014.
  • Gamlin, A, Breedon, P, and Medjdoub, B, 2014. Immersive Virtual Reality Deployment in a Lean Manufacturing Environment. In: Interactive Technologies and Games (iTAG), 2014 International Conference, The Council House, Nottingham, 16-17 October 2014.
  • King, D and Breedon, 2014. Cooperative object recognition: behaviours of an artificially evolved swarm. In: Ants 2014, 9th International Conference on Swarm Intelligence, Brussels, Belgium, 10-12 September 2014.
  • Logan, P, Breedon, Hall, P, Newell, O, Childs, B, Russell, A, O'Brien, B, Edmans, J and Watts, S, 2014. Face To face: an exploratory trial of a facial rehabilitation tool. In: UK Stroke Forum 2014, Harrogate International Conference Centre, Harrogate, 2-4 December 2014.
  • Glazzard M and Breedon P. 2013, Exploring 3D Printed Structures through Textile Design,3-5 September 2013, Digital Conference Proceedings
  • King, D and Breedon, P, 2013. A metric for hexagonal grid-world cooperative object recognition tasks for a swarm of agents. In: 11th European Workshop on Multi-Agent Systems, Toulouse, France, 12-13 December 2013.
  • Emmanouil Papastavrou and Philip Breedon, 2012, Development Of A Cricothyroidotomy Device, Perspectives on the Material World, Art & Design and Built Environment, Third College Research Conference and Festival, 2012, 28 June 2012.
  • Fergal Coulter and Philip Breedon, 2012, Dielectric Elastomer Artificial Muscles, Perspectives on the Material World, Art & Design and Built Environment, Third College Research Conference and Festival, 2012, 28 June 2012.
  • Philip Breedon, Emmanouil Papastavrou and Fergal Coulter, 2012, Biomimetic Additive 3D Manufacturing, Perspectives on the Material World, Art & Design and Built Environment, Third College Research Conference and Festival 2012, 28 June 2012.
  • Thomas Stead and Philip Breedon, 2012, Development of a light reactive ocular prosthetic, Perspectives on the Material World, Art & Design and Built Environment, Third College Research Conference and Festival, 2012, 28 June 2012.
  • Tilak Dias, Philip Breedon and Anura Rathayakumudiya, 2012, Electronically Active Smart Textiles, Perspectives on the Material World, Art & Design and Built Environment, Third College Research Conference and Festival 2012, 28 June 2012.

Books and Chapter in Book

  • Breedon, P., Papastavrou, M. and Fairhurst, D. (2018). Low-Temperature Deposition Modeling of ß-TCP Scaffolds with Controlled Bimodal Porosity. In: K. Chawla, ed., Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering, 1st ed. [online] Springer Nature (in press). Available on Springer.com .
  • Breedon, P., Logan, P., Pearce, D., Edmans, J., Childs, B. and O'Brien, R., 2017. Face to face: an interactive facial exercise system for stroke patients with facial weakness. In: W. POWELL, A. RIZZO, P.M. SHARKEY and J. MERRICK, eds., Rehabilitation: innovations and challenges in the use of virtual reality technologies. Disability studies . New York: Nova Science, pp. 73-89. ISBN 9781536120806
  • Breedon, P., Byrom, B., Siena, L. and Muehlhausen, W., 2016. Enhancing the Measurement of Clinical Outcomes Using Microsoft Kinect. In: Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Interactive Technologies and Games (iTAG 2016), Nottingham, 26-27 October 2016. Los Alamitos, CA: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 61-69. ISBN 9781509037384
  • Breedon, P., Logan, P., Pearce, D., Edmans, J., Childs, B. and O'Brien, R., 2016. Face to face: an interactive facial exercise system for stroke patients with facial weakness. In: P. SHARKEY and A.S. RIZZO, eds., Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies (ICDVRAT 2016), Los Angeles, California, USA, 20-22 September 2016. Reading: University of Reading, pp. 233-240. ISBN 9780704915473
  • King, D. and Breedon, P., 2014. Cooperative Object Recognition: Behaviours of an Artificially Evolved Swarm. In: M. DORIGO, M. BIRATTARI, S. GARNIER, H. HAMANN, M. MONTES DE Oca, C. Solnon and T. Stützle, eds., Swarm Intelligence: 9th International Conference, ANTS 2014, Brussels, Belgium, September 10-12, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture notes in computer science (8667). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International, pp. 214-221. ISBN 9783319099514
  • Glazzard, M. and Breedon, P., 2013. Exploring 3D-printed structures through textile design. In: J. WALLACE, J. YEE and A. DURRANT, eds., Praxis + Poetics: Research Through Design 2013 Conference Proceedings. The Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art, Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead, 3-5 September 2013. Newcastle upon Tyne: Northumbria University, pp. 51-54. ISBN 9780954958794
  • Breedon P. J., (Ed), 2012, Smart Design: First International Conference, Springer
  • Breedon, P.J., Sivayoganathan, K., Balendran, V. and Al-Dabass, D., 2002. Multi axis fuzzy control and performance analysis for an industrial robot. In: 2002-WCCI, IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE), 12 May 2002. pp. 500-505. ISBN 0780372808

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