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Medical Engineering Design Research Group

Group

Overview

The Medical Engineering Design Research Group (MEDRG) at Nottingham Trent University is an interdisciplinary group, which brings together a wide range of academics, clinicians, surgeons, healthcare companies and other medical professionals whose interests focus on medical engineering design across a wide range of research specialisms.

These include wearable technologies, additive and subtractive manufacturing for medical applications, biomimetics, surgical robotics, augmented/virtual/immersive technologies and environments, and investigative research related to the utilisation of ‘smart materials’ for medical applications.

The Medical Engineering Design Research Group (MEDRG) focuses its research on seven main areas of:

  • Robotic Technologies for Surgical Applications
  • Software Enabled Surgery
  • Medical Devices and Systems Development
  • Medical Technologies and Interaction Design
  • Mixed Reality and Immersive Systems for Medical Applications
  • 3D / 4D Printing
  • Robotics integration for factory manufacturing and production

The research group seeks to address the changing needs of medical research, including:

  • Autonomous robotics applications.
  • Medical device development and additive manufacturing processes.
  • Health management and rehabilitation - including mobile applications.
  • Biomaterials - including dental, cardiovascular, ophthalmics and orthopaedics.
  • Emergency medical care, systems and procedures.

The MEDRG research group also has separate research interests linked to improvements in process control using the latest technologies, this research is currently in collaboration with a global food and drinks company.

The MEDRG research group lead innovative research linked to the combined use of Computer Aided Design (CAD), printing systems and layer manufacturing techniques to produce medical devices which have a uniform composition.

We are looking to generate research income through the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), NIHR i4i fund, EPSRC, Innovate U.K. and Wellcome Trust.

Research Group Director

Professor Philip Breedon

philip.breedon@ntu.ac.uk

Telephone: +44 (0)115 848 6424

Core services we offer include:

  • Innovative device development for the medical/surgical industry.
  • Medical / surgical robotics/corobotics.
  • Production Process robotic systems.
  • Rapid prototyping with SLA and FDM 3D printing standard, engineering, ceramic and dental material capabilities.
  • Multi-material 3D/ 4D printing.
  • Translation of medical technology for product manufacture.
  • Fundamental and applied research on novel medical technologies.
  • Use of Extended Reality Technologies for medical applications.
  • Flexible electronics printing.
  • Brain-computer interfaces (BCI).
  • Hardware Interface Design and Development.
  • User Interface & User Experience Design and Development, based on co-design principles.
  • Materialise Mimics 3D image processing software for modelling human anatomy.

For information about the Medical Engineering Design Research Group, or about research or collaboration opportunities, please contact the director of the research group Professor Philip Breedon.

Collaboration

The number of partners addresses NTU’s research strategy by focusing research and is external facing, with the potential to provide high quality outputs. The PhD experience is significantly enhanced by providing real world, high impact research projects to potential students.

RoboDK software is being used for simulation and offline programming of industrial robots. Please find further information on the RoboDK website.

Visual Components is a 3D simulation software for manufacturing. Visual Components software is used for applications such as layout planning and production simulation in order to test novel factory concepts integrated with robotics.

Staff, Students and Collaborators

  • Ghayth AlMahadin (full time PhD student) - Objective measurement of movement disorder symptoms remotely and within clinic. Ongoing.
  • Dr James Armstrong, Consultant Paediatric Anaesthetist - NUH Trust, Nottingham.
  • Mr Antony Bateman Consultant Trauma, Orthopaedic and Spine Surgeon - University Hospitals Derby & Burton NHS Foundation Trust.
  • Dr Nigel Bedforth, Consultant Anaesthetist and Honorary Associate Professor – NUH Trust, Nottingham.
  • Professor Bronek Boszczyk, (Visiting Professor), Head of the Spine & Scoliosis Centre, Schoen Clinic, Vogtareuth, Germany and Honorary Clinical Associate Professor at the Division of Orthopaedic and Accident Surgery.
  • Professor Philip Breedon - Director, Medical Engineering Design Research Group (NTU)
  • Dr Bill Byrom, Vice President of Product Strategy and Innovation - Signant Health.
  • Dr Martin Estefan, Spinal Surgeon - NUH Trust, Nottingham.
  • Thomas Farmilo – Research Assistant, Medical Engineering Design Research (NTU).
  • Dr David Hewson, Consultant Anaesthetist and Honorary Assistant Professor – NUH Trust, Nottingham.
  • Dr Prashant Jindal - Assistant Professor, UIET, (Panjab University).
  • Hannah Manley (full time PhD student) - Menstrually-Derived Stem Cell Donation. Ongoing.
  • Mr Charles Nduka, Consultant Plastic, Reconstructive and Cosmetic surgeon - QVH, West Sussex.
  • James O’Brien - PepsiCo Research.
  • John Pacey-Lowrie, Consultant Ocularist - Jersey Ocular Prosthetics.
  • Dr Nirmal D Patil, Spinal Fellow - NUH Trust, Nottingham.
  • Mr Saqib Qureshi, Trust Grade SPR in Thoracic Surgery - Trent Cardiac Centre, Nottingham.
  • Mr Nasir Quraishi, (Honorary Professor), Consultant spinal surgeon - NUH Trust, Nottingham.
  • Dr Luke Siena - NTU lecturer
  • Student T.B.C. (full time PhD student) - A closed loop pressure system within the perioperative environment to alleviate the effects of pressure related injuries. Commencement date T.B.C.
  • Clinical Professor Michael Vloeberghs, Consultant Neurosurgeon - NUH Trust, Nottingham.
  • Kartikeya Walia (full time PhD student) - Additive Manufacturing for Modular Robotic System Design (match funded by PepsiCo). Ongoing.

Undergraduate Engineering student projects

  • Kehinde Ayeni: An ergonomically designed single user regional anaesthesia nerve-blocking system.
  • Jessica Bramwell: The Development of a Novel Orthopaedic Spinal Training Model for Advanced Surgical Practice.
  • James Cree: Monitoring and Standardising Surgical Trays.
  • James Dickson: A Mechanism to help with the Repair and rehabilitation of hand flexor tendon injury.
  • Joao Fonseca Lourinho: Development of a bespoke spinal surgical drill for hand operation.
  • Imogen Rayner: Development of a Novel Steerable Bougie: Manufacture and Testing of Advanced Working Prototypes.

BSc Product Design projects

  • Conor Gilmartin: Hospital AIV integration project
  • James Hankins: Prosthetics for paediatrics
  • Rohini Raillay: Autism interactive - Tangiball
  • Casey Soverall: Surgical tray project
  • Benjamin Turner: Emergency theatre
  • Kacper Olejniczak: PepsiCo project

MEng group projects

  • Medical Phonocardiograph Team:

Kyle Pinnock, Emmanuel Freeman-Donkor, Henjila Maden, Oliver Handford, Christine Phillips, Jonny Cox.

  • Hand Flexor Rehabilitation Team:

Allan Maclaine, Clayton Lawrence, Eleanor Martin, Rawan Ali A Alsaeed, Billy Shering,    Reynaldo Araneta, Andrew Russell, Iwan Downie.

  • Spinal Training Model Team:

Alex Mycock, Amiya Simon, Joao Fonseca Lourinho, Mohammed Ali, Shiv Jivan, Beatrix Gateb, Lena Wachuka.

Media Publicity

Facilities

Robotics

  • UR5 CoRobots x3
  • UR10 CoRobot
  • Omron LD CT 130 Autonomous Intelligent Vehicle (AIV)
  • Omron LD250 AIV
  • Omron Fleet Management System

Manufacture and Prototyping

  • Formlabs Form 2 x2, with access to Standard, Engineering, Jewellery, Ceramic and Dentistry Materials.
  • Form Wash and Cure Stations
  • Prusa i3 MK3 MMU Multi Material 3D Printer
  • Silicone Casting System
  • Travin TP Monster Desktop Injection Moulding Machine
  • Dimatix Fujifilm Electronics Printer
  • HPE Server Computers (Access only)

Testing and verification

  • Sauter Force Measurement Devices & Motorised test stand for laboratory applications (Fully Calibrated)
  • OS-300-2 Durometer & Test Stand for Shore “A” (Fully Calibrated)

Virtual reality and simulation

  • Vuzix Blade: Augmented Reality (AR) Smart Glasses
  • Emotiv Headsets
  • Microsoft HoloLens
  • FOVE VR Eye Tracking Headset
  • Assortment of Mobile VR Headsets Including: Samsung Gear VR, Google Daydream
  • VR Headsets Including: Oculus Rifts DK2 and CV1, HTC VIVE Pro, Lenovo Explorer Mixed Reality Headset
  • Industrial Software: SolidWorks, Adobe Suite, Ansys, AutoDesk Suite, 3Ds Max, Unity, Visual Components
  • Intel RealSense 3D Vision System & Assortment of Cameras
  • Cyberith Virtualizer Virtual Reality Treadmill
  • OpenMV Cam m7 Embedded Vision System
  • HP Sprout 3D table- top Scanner

Medical facilities

  • Eschmann T20 m+ Operating Theatre Table
  • Simbodies – Adult Male

Related Projects

ScoliBOT

Scolibot

A prototype Co-robotic spinal surgery robot with a continuous contact datum to perform surgery with pinpoint accuracy. Using two robots, one using a tool and the other with a datum point, the system will drill accurately to the movement of the patient.

FRAME (Facial Remote Activity Monitoring Eyewear)

The project focuses on developing a pair of haptic feedback EMG sensor glasses and a mobile application to assist patients with Bell’s Palsy in their rehabilitation and exercises.

Interface 3D

3D facial tracking software using the Microsoft Kinect to assist stroke victims with their daily rehabilitation exercises

Robotic Spinal Assistant

An assistant during spinal surgery for the use of the surgeon, providing lighting, video recording and tool changes.

Novel Steerable Bougie

Novel Steel Bougie

This project focuses on the development of a novel “Steerable Bougie” that will improve the speed and safety of endotracheal intubation in anaesthesia and critical care.

Patient Maintained Propofol Sedation

The project improves patient sedation in awake surgery through self- administered modification of infusion with anaesthetist supervision.

PepsiCo Europe & Global - AIV Integration Project - Visual Components and RoboDK software

Research and development of research outputs related to the factory implementation of Automated Guided Vehicles. Components and RoboDK software is being used for simulation and offline programming of industrial robots.

Wearable Headsets in Spinal Surgery - Vuzix Blade: Augmented Reality (AR) Smart Glasses

This project focuses on improving the efficiency of the Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy neurosurgical procedure through the use of wearable headsets such as Google Glass.

Responsive Ocular Prosthetics

A research project into the design and development of an adaptive iris ocular implant and focus on the utilisation of smart materials to provide a responsive ocular prosthetic.

EMOTI (Mobile Emotion Tracking Depression Project)

Emotion tracking mobile platform for the monitoring and measurement of depression through the assessment of emotion change and engagement.

Leveraging Sensor-Based Data with Children in Clinic: Domain Capability and Limitation for a Diagnostic Internet of Medical Things

The purpose of this project is to explore and develop an IoMT toy with the intended use for use in child development clinics, to capture child interaction with objects for diagnostic purposes.

Menstrual Blood Donation for Cell Therapy

This project focuses on developing a suitable method of collecting donated menstrual blood, from which stem cells can be extracted and used in treatment of chronic non-communicable and degenerative diseases.

Objective Measurement of Tremor Symptom In Parkinson’s Disease Remotely And Within Clinic

This project focuses on the development of potential cost-effective, reliable, responsiveness and valid solutions to the measurement of tremor that could be used by a patient, with or without the help of a caregiver.

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal Publications (within last 5 years)

  • Watts, P., Breedon, P., Nduka, C., Neville, C., Venables, V. And Clarke, S., 2020. Cloud computing mobile application for remote monitoring of Bell's palsy. Journal of Medical Systems, 44 (9): 149. ISSN 0148-5598
  • Sizer, N.D., Siena, F.L., Boszczyk, B. And Breedon, P., 2020. Monitoring and alleviating the effects of pressure related injuries for spinal surgery–a need for improvement? The Journal of Health Design, 5 (2), pp. 280-292. ISSN 2206-785X
  • Jindal, P., Worcester, F., Siena, F.L., Forbes, C., Juneja, M. And Breedon, P., 2020. Mechanical behaviour of 3D printed vs thermoformed clear dental aligner materials under non-linear compressive loading using FEM. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials: 104045. ISSN 1751-6161
  • Jindal, P., Juneja, M., Bajaj, D., Siena, F.L. And Breedon, P., 2020. Effects of post-curing conditions on mechanical properties of 3D printed clear dental aligners. Rapid Prototyping Journal. ISSN 1355-2546
  • Siena, F., Vernon, M., Watts, P., Crundall, D., Byrom, B., Mowlem, F. And Breedon, P., 2020. PMH6 deriving clinical outcome measures from expression and speech: results of a proof of concept study. Value in Health, 23 (Supp 1), S200-S201. ISSN 1098-3015
  • Byrom, B., Breedon, P., Tulkki-Wilke, R. And Platko, J., 2020. Meaningful change: defining the interpretability of changes in endpoints derived from interactive and mHealth technologies in healthcare and clinical research. Journal of Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies Engineering, 7. ISSN 2055-6683
  • Jindal, P., Juneja, M., Siena, F.L., Bajaj, D. And Breedon, P., 2019. Mechanical and geometric properties of thermoformed and 3D printed clear dental aligners. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 156 (5), pp. 694-701. ISSN 0889-5406
  • Manley, H., Sprinks, J. And Breedon, P., 2019. Menstrual blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells: women's attitudes, willingness, and barriers to donation of menstrual blood. Journal of Women's Health. ISSN 1540-9996
  • Sprinks, J., Worcester, F., Breedon, P., Watts, P., Hewson, D. And Bedforth, N., 2019. A prototype patient-maintained propofol sedation system using target controlled infusion for primary lower-limb arthroplasty. Journal of Medical Systems, 43 (8): 247. ISSN 0148-5598
  • Hewson, D.W., Worcester, F., Sprinks, J., Smith, M.D., Buchanan, H., Breedon, P., Hardman, J.G. And Bedforth, N.M., 2019. Anaesthetist-controlled versus patient-maintained effect-site targeted propofol sedation during elective primary lower-limb arthroplasty performed under spinal anaesthesia (ACCEPTS): study protocol for a parallel-group randomised comparison trial. Trials, 20: 129. ISSN 1745-6215

  • Jindal, P., Worcester, F., Gupta, A. and Breedon, P. , 2019. Efficiency of nanoparticle reinforcement using finite element analysis of titanium alloy mandible plate. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine. ISSN 0954-4119
  • Jindal, P., Worcester, F., Walia, K., Gupta, A. and Breedon, P. , 2019. Finite element analysis of titanium alloy-graphene based mandible plate. Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering. ISSN 1025-5842
  • Siena, F.L. , Breedon, P. , Armstrong, J., Inkpin, K., Norris, A. and Watts, P. , 2018. Performance analysis system for endotracheal tube introducers: standardising for success. Journal of Health Design, 3 (3), pp. 129-134. ISSN 2206-785X
  • Siena, F.L., Byrom, B., Watts, P. and Breedon, P., 2018. Utilising the Intel RealSense camera for measuring health outcomes in clinical research. Journal of Medical Systems, 42 (3): 53. ISSN 0148-5598
  • Siena, F.L, Breedon, P., Armstrong, J., Marsh, P. and Watts, P., 2017. Performance analysis for difficult airway equipment: standardising for success. Journal of Health Design, 2 (4), pp. 39-41. ISSN 2206-785X
  • Breedon, Siena, F and Armstrong, J, 2017. Tracheal intubation: improving first pass success with smart material solutions. The Journal of Health Design, 2 (3), pp. 15-18. ISSN 2206-785X
  • Breedon, P, Logan, P, Pearce, D, Edmans, J, Childs, B and O'Brien, R, 2017. Face to face: an interactive facial exercise system for stroke patients with facial weakness. In: Powell, W, Rizzo, A, Sharkey, PM and Merrick, J, eds., Rehabilitation: innovations and challenges in the use of virtual reality technologies. Disability studies . New York: Nova Science, pp. 73-89. ISBN 9781536120806
  • Siena, FL., Breedon, P., Armstrong, J., Inkpin, K and Norris, A, 2016. Development Of A Novel Steerable Bougie. Australasian Medical Journal, 9 (5), pp. 124-137. ISSN 1836-1935
  • Breedon, P, Byrom, B, Siena, L and Muehlhausen, W, 2016. Enhancing the Measurement of Clinical Outcomes Using Microsoft Kinect. In: Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Interactive Technologies and Games (iTAG 2016), Nottingham, 26-27 October 2016. Los Alamitos, CA: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 61-69. ISBN 9781509037384
  • Breedon, P, Logan, P, Pearce, D, Edmans, J, Childs, B and O'Brien, R, 2016. Face to face: an interactive facial exercise system for stroke patients with facial weakness. In: Sharkey, P and Rizzo, AS, eds., Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies (ICDVRAT 2016), Los Angeles, California, USA, 20-22 September 2016. Reading: University of Reading, pp. 233-240. ISBN 9780704915473
  • Byrom, B, Breedon, P, and Muehlhausen, W, 2016. A Review Evaluating the Validity of Motion-Based Gaming Platforms to Measure Clinical Outcomes in Clinical Research. Value in Health, 19 (7), A357-A358. ISSN 1098-3015
  • Golab, MR, Breedon, P, and Vloeberghs, M, 2016. A wearable headset for monitoring electromyography responses within spinal surgery. European Spine Journal. ISSN 0940-6719

Invited Papers

  • Breedon P and Vloeberghs M, 2012, Artificial facial muscles: Experimental design and the control of smart materials, Public Service Review: Central Government: issue 23,pp. 82-83.

Chapters in Books and Magazines

  • Nicholls, M. 2019. A precision greater than humanly possible. European Hospital, [online] 28 (5/19), p.11. Available at: https://european-hospital.com/media/epaper/2/2019_5/#10 [Accessed 1 Nov. 2019].
  • Breedon, P., Papastavrou, M. and Fairhurst, D. 2018. Low-Temperature Deposition Modeling of ß-TCP Scaffolds with Controlled Bimodal Porosity. In: K. Chawla, ed., Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering, 1st ed. [online] Springer Nature (in press). Available on Springer.com .
  • Breedon, P., Logan, P., Pearce, D., Edmans, J., Childs, B. and O'Brien, R., 2017. Face to face: an interactive facial exercise system for stroke patients with facial weakness. In: W. POWELL, A. RIZZO, P.M. SHARKEY and J. MERRICK, eds., Rehabilitation: innovations and challenges in the use of virtual reality technologies. Disability studies . New York: Nova Science, pp. 73-89. ISBN 9781536120806
  • Breedon, P., Byrom, B., Siena, L. and Muehlhausen, W., 2016. Enhancing the Measurement of Clinical Outcomes Using Microsoft Kinect. In: Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Interactive Technologies and Games (iTAG 2016), Nottingham, 26-27 October 2016. Los Alamitos, CA: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, pp. 61-69. ISBN 9781509037384
  • Breedon, P., Logan, P., Pearce, D., Edmans, J., Childs, B. and O'Brien, R., 2016. Face to face: an interactive facial exercise system for stroke patients with facial weakness. In: P. SHARKEY and A.S. RIZZO, eds., Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Disability, Virtual Reality and Associated Technologies (ICDVRAT 2016), Los Angeles, California, USA, 20-22 September 2016. Reading: University of Reading, pp. 233-240. ISBN 9780704915473
  • King, D. and Breedon, P., 2014. Cooperative Object Recognition: Behaviours of an Artificially Evolved Swarm. In: M. DORIGO, M. BIRATTARI, S. GARNIER, H. HAMANN, M. MONTES DE Oca, C. Solnon and T. Stützle, eds., Swarm Intelligence: 9th International Conference, ANTS 2014, Brussels, Belgium, September 10-12, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture notes in computer science (8667). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International, pp. 214-221. ISBN 9783319099514
  • Glazzard, M. and Breedon, P., 2013. Exploring 3D-printed structures through textile design. In: J. WALLACE, J. YEE and A. DURRANT, eds., Praxis + Poetics: Research Through Design 2013 Conference Proceedings. The Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art, Newcastle upon Tyne and Gateshead, 3-5 September 2013. Newcastle upon Tyne: Northumbria University, pp. 51-54. ISBN 9780954958794
  • Breedon P. J., (Ed), 2012, Smart Design: First International Conference, Springer
  • Breedon, P.J., Sivayoganathan, K., Balendran, V. and Al-Dabass, D., 2002. Multi axis fuzzy control and performance analysis for an industrial robot. In: 2002-WCCI, IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE), 12 May 2002. pp. 500-505. ISBN 0780372808

Guest Lectures and Conferences

Invited Guest Lectures (within last 5 years)

  • Breedon, P., 2020. Additive Manufacturing Technologies & Functionally Graded Materials for Applications in Medical Device Design. In: International Conference on aspects of materials science and Engineering, Punjab University, 29 May 2020.
  • Breedon, P., 2019. The development of Robotic Assisted Surgery for Spines. In: The National Orthopaedic Alliance (NOA), 29 November 2019.
  • Breedon, P., 2019. Additive manufacturing for medical applications. In: NSpine- International Spine conference, Institute of Engineering Designers, London, 01 – 03 July 2019.
  • Breedon, P., 2019. Spinal robotics and Augmented reality. In: NSpine- International Spine conference, Institute of Engineering Designers, London, 01 – 03 July 2019.

  • Breedon, P., 2018. New Technologies for Medical Research. In: Materials and Engineering Research Institute (MERI), Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, 5 February 2018.
  • Breedon, P., 2017. Cooperative surgical robotics with bimanual intervention. In: NSpine Main Conference, Royal College of Surgeons, London, 12-15 June 2017.
  • Breedon, P., 2017. Keynote Lecture: Outlook on the future of additive manufacturing abilities. In: NSpine Main Conference, Royal College of Surgeons, London, 12-15 June 2017.
  • Breedon, P., 2017. Cooperative robotics for surgical applications. In: Medilink EM: Medical Technologies & Systems Special Interest Group (SIG), Park Inn Hotel, Nottingham, 16 May 2017.
  • Breedon, P., 2017. Cooperative robotics: the ScoliBOT. In: BioSpine 2017: 6th International Congress on Biotechnologies for Spinal Surgery, Langenbeck-Virchow-Haus, Berlin, Germany, 26-28 April 2017.
  • Breedon, P., 2017. Additive manufacturing technologies for medical devices. In: BioSpine 2017: 6th International Congress on Biotechnologies for Spinal Surgery, Langenbeck-Virchow-Haus, Berlin, Germany, 26-28 April 2017.

Conferences (within last 5 years)

  • Breedon, P., 2020. Medilink EM Special Interest Group meeting – Medical Technologies and systems. Digital Health: Current Applications and Future Trends for Mental Healthcare, [Online], 16 May 2020.
  • Breedon, P., 2020. Invited keynote lecture - International Conference on aspects of materials science and Engineering, Punjab University, [Online], 29 May 2020.
  • Breedon, P., 2019. Invited keynote lecture – National Orthopaedic Alliance, Surgical robotics. Birmingham Conference and Events Centre, Hill Street, Birmingham, 29 November 2019.
  • Breedon, P., 2019. Medilink EM Special Interest Group meeting, Medical Technologies and systems – Digital Health Care and Artificial Intelligence, BioCity, Nottingham, 26 November 2019.
  • Siena, F.L. , Breedon, P. , Armstrong, J., Watts, P. , Inkpin, K. and Norris, A., 2018. Mechanical performance assessment system for endotracheal tube introducers using motion detection and object tracking. In: IADIS International Conference: Computer Graphics, Visualization, Computer Vision and Image Processing 2018, Madrid, Spain, 18-20 July 2018.
  • Sprinks, J., Worcester, F., Breedon, P., Hewson, D. and Bedforth, N., 2018. Patient-maintained propofol sedation: the anaesthetists' point of view. In: IADIS International Conference Interfaces and Human Computer Interaction 2018, Madrid, Spain, July 2018.
  • Hewson, D., Beforth, N., Sprinks, J., Breedon, P. and Worcester, F., 2018. Patient-maintained propofol sedation for orthopaedic surgery: patient variability in system use. In: International Conference on Ergonomics & Human Factors (CIEHF), Birmingham, 23-25 April 2018.
  • Breedon, P, Watts, P, Cox, G, Szczepura, A, Baines, D, Johnson, K, Venables, V, and Nduka, C, 2016. F.R.A.M.E - Facial Remote Activity Monitoring Eyewear. In: 11th International Conference on Interfaces and Human Computer Interaction, Olaias Park Hotel, Lisbon, Portugal, 21 – 23 July 2017.
  • Papastavrou, E, Breedon, P, and Fairhurst, 2016. Incorporating self-assembly into additive manufacturing techniques for applications in hard tissue engineering. In: IOP PGS Conference: Printing for the Future Conference, Institute of Physics, London, 19 January 2016.
  • Papastavrou, E, Breedon, P, and Fairhurst, 2016. Incorporating self-assembly into additive manufacturing techniques for applications in hard tissue engineering. In: IOP PGS Conference: Printing for the Future Conference, Institute of Physics, London.

Still need help?

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