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Centre

Centre for Rights and Justice

Unit(s) of assessment: Law

Research theme: Safety and Security of Citizens and Society

School: Nottingham Law School

Overview

The Centre for Rights and Justice (CRJ) was established in 2013.  It is an inclusive Centre with a diverse membership, bringing together research, practice and scholarship, in the broad areas of human rights and criminal justice. Members of the Centre are currently researching and writing in fields of: criminal law, criminal justice, and criminology; human rights and equality;  international humanitarian law; conflict resolution and post-conflict justice; asylum and immigration law; international environmental law; sports law and medical law.

The CRJ aims to contribute to public and academic debate, and to influence the thinking of law and policymakers through publications, seminars and conferences. It also aims to build and strengthen a vibrant and supportive research culture in which experienced and new researchers alike are able to develop and test their ideas.

Current Events

Flashpoints Conference: Law, Human Rights and Religion

On Friday 10th December 2021, for the sixth year running, Nottingham Law School’s Centre for Rights and Justice will be holding its one-day Flashpoints conference exploring themes which ignite debate in the field of Law, Human Rights and Religion. The conference will adopt a hybrid format (as long as pandemic situation permits this), so that participants may choose whether to attend in person or online, but please state clearly which you intend to do when submitting a paper. (If you need to alter your choice at a later stage, due to the changing pandemic situation, we will of course accommodate this, but please give us as much notice as you are able).

For 2021, we are particularly encouraging papers on the themes below, but as always we will be pleased to receive proposed papers relating to the wider theme of Law, Human Rights and Religion.

  • Freedom of religious expression and hate speech
  • Freedom of religion death and dying
  • Historical Papers
  • Freedom of religion, belief and children’s rights

For further details, please take a look at the Flashpoints Conference: Law, Human Rights and Religion document. Please use the Flashpoints Registration Form to register for the conference.

News and events

2021

Events

  • Flashpoints Conference: Law, Human Rights and Religion. On Friday 10th December 2021, for the sixth year running, Nottingham Law School’s Centre for Rights and Justice will be holding its one-day Flashpoints conference exploring themes which ignite debate in the field of Law, Human Rights and Religion. The conference will adopt a hybrid format (as long as pandemic situation permits this), so that participants may choose whether to attend in person or online, but please state clearly which you intend to do when submitting a paper. (If you need to alter your choice at a later stage, due to the changing pandemic situation, we will of course accommodate this, but please give us as much notice as you are able).
  • For 2021, we are particularly encouraging papers on the themes below, but as always we will be pleased to receive proposed papers relating to the wider theme of Law, Human Rights and Religion.
    • Freedom of religious expression and hate speech
      Freedom of religion death and dying
      Historical Papers
      Freedom of religion, belief and children’s rights
    For further details, please take a look at the Flashpoints Conference: Law, Human Rights and Religion document. please use the Flashpoints Registration Form to register for the conference.
  • In September 2021, the Centre hosted an innovative workshop on using Escape Rooms as a creative vehicle for public engagement with research and undergraduate teaching. This was part of a project on educational games undertaken by Prof Tom Lewis and Dr Helen Hall, along with Prof Javier Garcia Oliva at the University of Manchester. Watch a video of the event.
  • Mark Chadwick organised and presented at a discussion forum: 'The Past and Future of the International Law of High Seas Piracy', joined by experts on the law of piracy from around the world, with the intention to inform future law and policy making (4 June 2021).
  • The Past and Future of the International Law of High Seas Piracy
    Friday 4 June 2021, 9 - 11 am 
    International law governing high seas piracy has remained unchanged since the 1950s. With reform on the horizon, join us for a conversation about the difficult legal issues raised by this most distinctive of international crimes.

2020

Events

  • Helen Hall and Tom Lewis promoted their human rights game, Brave New World and met with the Children’s Commissioner of Wales, Sally Holland, as well as with school groups, teachers and charities at the Student Ambassador’s conferences in Llandudno (5 Feb) and Cardiff (11 Feb). They also worked for a day playing the Game with the Y6 pupils of Nottingham Primary Academy.
  • Helen O’Nions and Tom Kemp have held Human Rights and Social Justice Forums for NLS students.  These were:
  • ‘Gender Justice and the Gender Recognition Act,’ by Dr Katherine Jenkins, University of Nottingham (13 Feb);
  • ‘Criminal Law and Social Justice,’ by Dr Koshka Duff, University of Nottingham (27 Feb)
  • CRJ held two events in the School Research Seminar series:
    • Current issues in Immigration and Human Rights (18th Nov)
      • Helen O'Nions – ‘Fat cat lawyers and bogus asylum seekers: the impact of hostile narratives on access to justice’
      • Tom Kemp – ‘The end of Dublin III: Brexit, asylum and enforced removals’
      • Tom Lewis – ‘Collective Memory, Identity and Human Rights: On Buried Giants and Toppled Statues’
    • Accessing Rights (9 Dec)
      • James Thornton – ‘Access to criminal justice: ethics and choices’
      • Ruth Brittle – ‘Children, forced migration and a right to education’
      • Mark Chadwick – ‘Universality, Subsidiarity & Complementarity: Creating Order in the Prosecution of International Crime’
  • On 14th December the Centre hosted its 5th annual Flashpoints – law, human rights and religion conference – in an on-line format. With the excellent work of our Research Assistant Selbi Durdiyeva the conference lived up to its reputation as a lively, informal and stimulating exploration of current issues. Papers included:
    • García Oliva and Helen Hall - ‘Article 9 and the Magna Carta’
    • Wojciech Brzozowski - ‘Counting the pages: The level of scrutiny applied by the European Court of Human Rights to religious education cases’
    • Rajnaara Akhtar - ‘Child Custody and Marrying Out in Qatar – What implications for Human Rights?’
    • Triantafyllia Lina Papadopoulou - ‘(How) can advocacy for allowing blasphemy be reconciled with supporting the prohibition of hate speech?’
    • Khurshid Sana Khan - ‘Stuck Between a Rock and Hard Place of Successful Peace Talks and the Pandemic: The Future of Afghan Refugee Women in Pakistan’
    • Amna Nazir - ‘Assessing Freedom of Religion and Belief in Islamic Law and International Human Rights: The Case of Meriam Ibrahim’
    • Magdalena Butrymowicz - ‘History of Umbrellas - Women's Rights in Poland’
    • Manotar Tampubolon - ‘Discrimination of Christian Minority in Muslim Society: A Comparative Perspective between Indonesia and Bangladesh’
    • Ruth Wareham - ‘Achieving Pluralism? A Critical Analysis of the Inclusion of Non-religious Worldviews in RE Policy in England and Wales after R (Fox) v Secretary of State for Education’
    • John Rumbold - ‘Male ritual circumcision of minors’
  • 0n December 16th, the Centre hosted its 5th annual Flashpoints conference on Human Rights, Law and Religion, online. A fascinating range of papers was presented by speakers from as far afield as Poland, Indonesia. There was strong attendance from NTU students, with PGR Steve Atkin providing a follow-up session to students the following day.

Research outputs

  • Elyse Wakelin, ‘Ethnic Conflict and the UN Sustainable Development Goals’ In: W Leal Filho et al (eds) Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. Encyclopaedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (Springer 2021)
  • James Thornton, ‘Is Publicly Funded Criminal Defence Sustainable? Legal Aid Cuts, Morale, Retention and Recruitment in the English Criminal Law Professions’ (2020) Legal Studies 230-251
  • Ruth Brittle, 'A Hostile Environment for Children? The Rights and Best Interests of the Refugee Child in UK Asylum Law' (2019) (19(4)) Human Rights Law Review, 753-785
  • Ruth Brittle, 'Thirty Years of Research on Children's Rights in the Context of Migration: Towards Increased Visibility and Recognition of Some Children, But Not All?' (2020) 28 International Journal of Children's Rights, 36-65 (with E Desmet)
  • Austen Garwood-Gowers, Medical Use of Human Beings – Respect as a basis for discourse, law and practice(Routledge 2020)
  • Helen Hall, ‘People and sovereignty: Constitutional law lessons from Greenland and Denmark’ (2020) Public Law 331-349 (with JG Oliva)
  • Helen O’Nions, ‘”Fat cat” lawyers and “illegal” migrants: the impact of intersecting hostilities and toxic narratives on access to justice’ (2020) Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law 319-340
  • Jonathan Doak (with Iliadis, M., Smith), ‘Independent separate legal representation for rape complainants in adversarial systems: Lessons from Northern Ireland’ (forthcoming) Journal of Law & Society
  • Seem Patel ‘Gaps in the Protection of Athletes Gender Rights in Sport- A Regulatory Riddle, (forthcoming) International Sports Law Journal
  • Helen O’Nions ‘No place called Home. The Banishment of “Foreign Criminals” in the Public Interest.  A Wrong without Redress’ (2020) 9(4) Laws
  • Emma Ireton (with Peter Watkin Jones, Isabelle Mitchell and Sarah Jones), The Practical Guide to Public Inquiries (Hart 2020). This is the first ‘hands on’ guidance for legal practitioners, participants and others interested in public inquiries in the UK.   It is hoped that it will contribute in a significant way to increasing practitioner and public understanding of the public inquiry process and have a significant impact on influencing future public inquiry practice.

Impact, esteem and external engagement

  • Loveday Hodson & Troy Lavers (eds), Feminist Judgments in International Law (Hart, 2019) to which Dawn Sedman has contributed a chapter has been awarded the Certificate of Merit by the American Society of International Law for a preeminent contribution to creative scholarship. The award link is here.
  • Mark Thomas has been appointed as a ‘Case Note Author’ for the Journal of Criminal Law and the ‘Senior Deputy Editor’ for the International Journal of Evidence and Proof.
  • The Centre launched its new on-line peer-reviewed journal, the Journal of Rights and Justice, edited by Helen Hall.
    The CRJ will be available on the HeinOnline database.
    It is intended that the Journal will complement the Nott LJ and NIBLeJ.  In particular its online format will allow flexible and speedy publication, often frustratingly not the case in many other publications.
  • Helen Hall and Tom Lewis were part of a successful bid to the Aspect Consortium of Universities which promotes commercialisation of research in the social sciences.
    The grant of £ 78,000, in collaboration with partners from the University of Manchester (Dr Javier Garcia Oliva (PI)), and the Universities of Bristol and Glasgow will provide for, inter alia, the production and development of their educational human rights board game, Brave New World, a research assistant, and will enable research into the potentialities of the use and commercialisation of games for educational purposes.
  • Emma Ireton is a member of the JUSTICE panel which recently published its long awaited Report, When Things Go Wrong: the response of the justice system (24th August 2020), which seeks to address the erosion of public trust in the response of the justice system to deaths giving rise to public concern.
  • Seema Patel was invited to participate in a private seminar for the House of Lords Select Committee on a National Plan for Sport and Recreation, on the topic of the UK legislative framework in regard to sport and comparative international models (18 November 2020). The private seminar for the Committee’s Members is designed to cover relevant aspects of sport and recreation policy in advance of the Committee receiving evidence.  The Committee is chaired by Lord Willis of Knaresborough and has notable Members including Baroness Tanni Grey-Thompson, Baroness Karen Brady and Lord Colin Moynihan.
  • James Thornton was invited to (and duly did) submit written evidence to the Parliamentary Select Committee on Justice, for their on-going Future of Legal Aid Inquiry.
  • Helen O’Nions has successfully obtained the grant of £30,000 over five years for the longitudinal evaluation of the work of the Hope Legal Services Project, on Birmingham.

2019

Events

  • Professor Jonathan Doak visited the University of Adelaide in February 2019, participating in a roundtable organised by the South Australian Law Reform Institute on improving protections for vulnerable witnesses in the criminal justice process. Jonathan also delivered a CPD seminar on the same topic to staff at the Office of Parliamentary Counsel and the Attorney General’s Department.
  • Dawn Sedman organised a symposium on Woman and International Law in June 2019, as part of the beginning of an initiative looking at women's representation, agency and participation in international law. Invited academics and practitioners took initial steps to see:  firstly, if there was interest and support for such initiative; secondly, to offer the opportunity of an experiential reflection; and thirdly, to consider the future and what might follow in this initiative. In short, firstly there was interest, secondly, Dawn’s paper offered some preliminary statistical analysis to assist the reflection and thirdly, the group resolved to apply for funding for a couple of future events, one on sharing best practice when teaching international law through a feminist prism and the second, an extended conference on same theme as symposium.
  • Mark Chadwick launched his new book, Piracy and the Origins of Universal Jurisdiction (On Stranger Tides?), an exploration of the linkages between high seas piracy, State jurisdiction, and international criminal law.  He was joined by Professors Olympia Bekou and Dino Kritsiotis from the University of Nottingham, Dr Amina Adanan from Maynooth University (Ireland).
  • The Centre hosted Dr Santiago Cañamares Arribas from Complutense Univeristy, Madrid who delivered a seminar on ‘Religious Equality and the Case Law of the CJEU’ (11 December)
  • Conference on Human Rights, Law and Religion: Flashpoints - 16 December 2019
  • An international one-day conference on issues involving human rights, law and religion.  Speakers and topics included:
    • Prof. Gerhard van der Schyff, Tilburg University, The Netherlands, ‘Inclusive Interpretation of Fundamental Rights: The Case of Pastafarianism in the Netherlands’
    • Dr Megan Pearson, University of Southampton, ‘What happened to vivre ensemble?
    • Dr Andrea Yiannaros, University of Bedfordshire, ‘Recent developments on conscientious objection to military service in ECHR jurisprudence
    • Dr Tony Meacham, Coventry University,  ‘Conscientious Objection in the United States’
    • Dr Rob Clucas, University of Hull, ‘Lee v Ashers Baking Company: religious conscience and micro aggressive environment’
    • Dr Amer Qader, ‘The Migration of Intellectuals from the Mashreq countries to Egypt in the 19th century and the Role of Britai
    • Dr Fatima Karagöz, Galataseray University,  Turkey, ‘The Administration by Intolerance in 17th-Century Ottoman Empire: The Case of Consumption Ban’
    • Dr Kevin Barker, Kingston University, ‘Human rights and redemptive-corrective justice in Bob Marley’s music’
    • Dr John Rumbold, NTU,  ‘TERF Wars: Can the conflict between gender identity and personal beliefs be reconciled?’
    • Jessica Giles, Open University, ‘The Religious Freedom Accords, a tool for recognition of minority religious groups’
    • Prof Zachary Calo, Hamad Bin Khalifa, University, Qatar, ‘Law, Religion and Secular Order’
    • The Hon. Dallas Miller (Court of Queens Bench, Alberta) ‘Why Protect Religious Freedom?’
    • Dr John Warwick Montgomery Concordia, University Wisconsin, ‘A Non-Politically Correct Remedy to Muslim Terrorist Integration’
    • Dr Craig Allen, Oxford Brookes University, ‘Determining Religious Undue Influence: A New Rationale for the Common Law Doctrine of Undue Influence’

Research outputs

  • Elspeth Berry and Matthew Homewood have a new edition of their book Complete EU law (4th edn, OUP 2019)
  • Mark Chadwick, Piracy and the Origins of Universal Jurisdiction (On Stranger Tides?), on 24 December 2018.
  • Elyse Wakelin (Book chapter) ‘Rule of Law and the UN Sustainable Development Goals’ In: Leal Filho W et al . (eds) Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions. Encyclopaedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. (Springer 2020).
  • Dawn Sedman (Book chapter) ‘The Sierra Leone Special Court's AFRC case’ (co-authored with O. Jurasz, S. Labinski & S. Mouthaan), in L. Hodson & T. Lavers (eds), Feminist Judgments in International Law (Bloomsbury/Hart 2019).
  • Helen Hall, ‘Trespass to the Person, human rights and ethically contaminated food: freedom of belief and bodily autonomy’ (2019) 10(1) Journal of European Tort Law 27-62  (with JG Oliva)
  • Tom Lewis, ‘Blanket Bans, Subsidiarity and the Procedural Turn of the European Court of Human Rights’ (2019) 68(3) International and Comparative Law Quarterly 611-63 (with P Cumper)
  • Tom Lewis, ‘Human Rights and Religious Litigation – Faith in the Law’ (2019) 8(1) Oxford Journal of Law and Religion 121-150 (with P Cumper)
  • Tom Kemp, ‘Solidarity in spaces of “care and custody” – the hospitality politics of immigration detention visiting’ (2019) Theoretical Criminology 123-140
  • Helen O’Nions, ‘Crisis Framing and the Syrian Displacement – the Threat to European Values’ (2019) 28(1) Nottingham Law Journal 27-54

Impact, esteem and external engagement

  • Mark Chadwick’s book Piracy and the Origins of Universal Jurisdiction was shortlisted for the SLS Peter Birks Prize for Outstanding Legal Scholarship’.  
  • Emma Ireton was recently been appointed to the JUSTICE working party “When Things Go Wrong” on institutional responses to deaths or other serious incidents where a “systemic pattern of failure” is evident.  It is chaired by Sir Robert Owen, chair of the Litvinenko Inquiry, and consists of leading public inquiry and inquest practitioners and academics
  • Sophie Gallop, Jonathan Doak and Tom Lewis all successfully participated in the ‘The Rule of Law, Human Rights and Anti-Corruption in Armenia Project’ together with Jane Ching, Pamela Henderson and Jane Jarman from the Centre for Legal Education and in collaboration with Yerevan State University and the Republic of Armenia School of Advocates.  A grant of US$200k from the US Department of State enabled the creation and delivery a suite of courses to practising Armenian lawyers, students and law teachers on human rights, anti-corruption, women and the law, juvenile justice, pre-trial detention and advocates’ ethics.  A ‘training the trainers’ course was also delivered to faculty of the School of Advocates, in addition to a series of workshops around the key project topics attended by interested groups including members of the judiciary and the Chamber of Advocates.
  • Luigi Daniele co-organised (with Peter Langford and Triestino Mariniello (both of Edge Hill University) an event at the London Middle East Institute, SOAS, ‘No charge, no trial: the illegality of Israel’s Use of Administrative Detention against Palestinians (29 January 2019)
  • Jonathan Doak has delivered two staff seminars at Singapore Management University in January 2019.
  • Helen Hall participated in the Initiative on Religious and Cultural Diversity, run by the MaxPlanck Institute, in Halle Germany (20/21st November)
  • Seema Patel advised, and contributed to the preparation of the case on behalf of Athletics South Africa in the forthcoming Casta Semenya case before the Court of Arbitration for Sport (13 February 2019)
  • James Thornton contributed to an invite-only round-table discussion on improving defence lawyer quality with academics, members of the professions, law society, bar standards board and 3rd sector contributors organised by the charity Transform Justice (5 Feb 2019)
  • Tom Lewis delivered a guest lecture to inmates at HM Prison Whatton, ‘Should Prisoners Have the Vote’ (6 Feb 2019)
  • Loretta Trickett has delivered several reports impacting beyond the academy:
    • ‘The Bigger Picture’ funded by the Arts Council (£20,000) Report on the participation and social exclusion of older people; from the arts, examining social capital, isolation and well-being (Feb 2019)
    • ‘Age UK Living Well’ Report for Age UK – advocating a social prescribing model (with Rebecca Stack, Psychology: Age UK funded - £ 5000)
  • Helen Hall and Tom Lewis visited several schools as part of their impact case study, to pilot their role-playing human rights board game, Brave New World (Nottingham Primary Academy; Queen Elizabeth Grammar School, Ashbourne; Chorlton High School, Manchester)
  • Jonathan Doak has been awarded a grant from the Nuffield Foundation for ‘Mapping the Changing Face of Cross-Examination in Criminal Trials’ (£330k) in conjunction with colleagues in the School of Arts & Humanities and the University of Nottingham.
  • Helen O’Nions has established the Human Rights & Social Justice Forum - a student led monthly initiative to discuss human rights and justice issues that arise in the news. This will help develop critical skills and encourage awareness of human rights issues beyond the curriculum. It will offer students an opportunity to broaden their knowledge and understanding whilst meeting other students with similar interests and concerns. Sessions have been facilitated by Helen Hall and Tom Kemp.

2018

Events

  • On 25 January 2018 Peter McTigue presented his paper ‘The expanding boundary of disability discrimination law’ to the Industrial Law Society in an event hosted by the CRJ.
  • On 4 May 2018 the CRJ and the Nottingham University’s Nottingham International Law and Security Centre, headed by Prof Nigel White, co-hosted a symposium on the conflict in Syria - organised by Lydia Davies-Bright.
  • Tom Lewis delivered an Inaugural Professorial Lecture: ‘Religious Dress, Empathy and Human Rights’ 25 April 2018.
  • On Wednesday 18 April 2018 members of the Centre talked about their current research in the area of public international law
  • Richard Jones PGR ‘Encouraging non-state armed groups to comply with the constraints of international humanitarian law’
  • Mark Chadwick – “The Enemies of All Mankind”: High Seas Piracy and the Legend of Universal Jurisdiction’
  • Dr Elizabeth Chadwick -  ‘Neutrality law in situations of armed conflict’
  • On 22nd of November 2018 CRJ members presented several papers on their recent research in the fields of freedom of religion, hate crime and international humanitarian law:
    • Dr Helen Hall – ‘Minorities within minorities-the double vulnerability of children, sexual minorities, gender non-conformists and abuse victims within conservative faith groups’
    • Dr Loretta Trickett – ‘Policing and hate crime’
    • Luigi Daniele – ‘War crimes and international humanitarian law’
  • Symposium on the Conflict in Syria, co-hosted by the CRJ and the Nottingham University’s Nottingham International Law and Security Centre, headed by Prof Nigel White, organised by Lydia Davies-Bright (4 May 2018). The event included a screening of the film, Syria’s Disappeared’ (dir. Saea Afsar), and a Roundtable discussion.  Speakers included:
    • Aiden Hehir (University of Westminster)
    • Janka Skrzypek (NTU)
    • Shaza Alsalmoni (Syrian Legal Development Program)
    • Yasmin Nahlawi (Rethink Rebuild Society)
    • Richard Jones (NTU)
    • Helen O’Nions (NTU)
    • Lydia Davise-Bright) NTU
    • Nigel White (UoN)
    • Ben Hudeon (University of Lincoln)
  • On 18 March Ms Beti Hohler, a prosecutor working at the International Criminal Court in The Hague visited the CRJ to talk about her experiences working as a prosecutor and some of the key challenges faced by the Court.
  • Helen Hall and Tom Lewis in collaboration with the National Justice Museum organised and ran several events on human rights and toleration past and present:
    • Criminalising Christmas, exploring human rights and religious toleration at mid-winter through the ages.  The exhibition included Civil War arms and armour loaned by the National Civil War Centre, Newark.
    • A public theatrical performance, The Ghosts of Christmas Past, exploring issues of religious toleration in mid winter in centuries past.
    • A visit by Y6 children from Nottingham Primary Academy to the National Justice Museum in which they played the role-playing board game Brave New World (see below) and attended the Criminalising Christmas exhibition

  • On 17 December the Centre hosted its third annual Flashpoints conference on human rights, law and religion.  Excellent papers were presented by:
    • Tom Lewis and Simon Boyes - Poppy Bans, Football and Human Rights: Ideology and Symbol in the Sporting Arena
    • Craig Allen - Religious influence or religious undue influence? The Challenges and Risks of Enforcing the Common Law Doctrine of Undue Influence
    • Zachary Calo and Jessica Giles - Religious Minorities, Human Rights, and the Meaning of Citizenship
    • James Gould - Reasonable Accommodation: A Balancing of Rights and Legitimate Interests
    • Katie Hunt - What are the barriers to equal access to pastoral care for non-religious prisoners?
    • Magdalena Butrymowicz - Cake war - the critical analyses of court cases in Poland, USA and United Kingdom concerning the homosexual couples claims over the human rights violation based on the religion freedom
    • Shanlin Gourlay - Protecting Asylum-Seeking Children: In Whose Best Interests?
    • Osuagwu Ugochukwu - Actualizing the Rights of Child under the Nigerian Child’s Rights Act, 2003: A Critique
    • David Perfect - Religion or belief work at the Equality and Human Rights Commission
    • Helen Hall - Greenland, National Identity and Religious Beliefs
    • Ini Nkang - “Trafficking? In football?!”: Factors leading to the trafficking and exploitation of African minors.
    • Clayton O’Neill - Patient Safety, The Soul and Personhood

Research outputs

  • Jonathan Doak and David O’Mahony Reimagining Restorative Justice: Agency and Accountability in the Criminal Process (2017, Hart).
  • Helen Hall and Javier Garcia Oliva Religion, Law and the Constitution: balancing Beliefs in Britain (Routledge 2018)
  • Ralph Henham, Sentencing Policy and Social Justice (OUP 2018)
  • David Barrett ‘The effective design, implementation and enforcement o socio-economic equality duties – lessons from the pupil premium’ (2018) Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law 57-77
  • Vaseilios Adamidis 'The Theory and Practice of Torture in Ancient Athenian Courts', ΣΧΟΛΗ Vol. 12.2 (2018)".
  • Tom Lewis, ‘Empathy and Human Rights: the case of Religious Dress’, (2018) Human Rights Law Review 61 – 87 (with P Cumper)
  • Tom Lewis, ‘At the deep end of the pool: religious offence and the margin of appreciation before the European Court of Human Rights’ (invited contribution) A Koltay and J Temperman (eds) Blasphemy and Freedom of Expression: Comparative, Theoretical and Historical Reflections after the Charlie Hebdo Massacre(CUP 2017).
  • Jonathan Doak,  ‘Evaluating the Success of Restorative Justice Conferencing’ in  T Gavrielides (ed)  The Routledge International Handbook of Restorative Justice(Routledge 2018) (with D O’Mahoney)
  • Luigi Daniele, ‘Enforcing Illegality: Israel’s military justice in the  West Bank (2017) Questions of International Law 21.
  • Helen Hall,  ‘Exorcism and the law: is the ghost of Reformation haunting contemporary debates on safeguarding versus autonomy?’ (2018) Law and Justice 51-81 (with JG Oliva)
  • Helen Hall, ‘Responding to non-liberal minorities within the liberal state: the challenge posed by children and vulnerable adults’ (2018) Public Law 256-276. (with JG Oliva)
  • Emma Ireton, ‘How Public is a Public Inquiry?’ (2018) Public Law 277-298
  • Andrea Nicholson, ‘A Full Freedom  Contemporary Survivor’s Definitions of Slavery’  (2018) 18(4) Human Rights Law Review 689-704 (with M Dang and Z Trodd)
  • Samanthan Pegg, ‘A matter of privacy or abuse? Revenge porn in the law’ 7 Criminal Law Review 512-530.

Impact, esteem and external engagement

  • Loretta Trickett has been awarded £20,000 by Nottinghamshire County Council ‘Emerging Communities in Nottinghamshire – Integration and Community Relations’ (CoI Paul Hamilton NTU) and £20,000 by the British Arts Council ‘Engagement of Minority Groups with the Arts”
  • Helen O’Nions: has been awarded £2850 for her project, ‘Gendering Asylum Perspectives: exploring the need for gender sensitivity in the asylum tribunal through claimants' perspectives.’
  • Peter McTigue worked with the Legal Advice Centre to deliver a presentation concerning reasonable adjustments in employment to Nottingham Community Volunteer Service which drew on his research into this area. The presentation was attended by various community organisations within the Nottingham area as well as representatives from the Department of Work and Pensions.
  • CRJ collaboration with the Industrial Law Society. Peter McTigue of the Centre delivered a presentation entitled, 'The expanding boundary of Disability Discrimination Law'.  24 Jan 2018.
  • Ralph Henham was invited to present Written Evidence to the House of Commons Justice Committee inquiry into the Prison Population 2022: Planning for the Future.

2017

Events

  • On 18 November the Centre, in collaboration with the University of Nottingham's Centre for Research in Race and Rights, hosted part 1 of the  Being Human Festival called The Rights and Justice City: Hope, History and Being Humane. Speakers included Kevin Bales, Professor of Contemporary Slavery at the Wilberforce Institute for the Study of Slavery and Emancipation, University of Hull, and Andrea Nicholson of the CRJ.
  • 11 December 2017 – For the second year running the Centre hosted the Flashpoints -  Law, Human Rights and Religion Conference, organised by Helen Hall and Tom Lewis.  The event was well attended by external international delegates from academia and campaign groups and NTU staff and students. A broad range of papers were presented, including ones from NTU PhD student Shanlin Gourlay
  • On Wednesday 13th December the Centre hosted a half-day colloquium entitled ‘Reimagining Restorative Justice: Agency and Accountability in the Criminal Process’ exploring how empowerment-based interventions impact on the development of criminal justice law and policy, with a specific emphasis on the potential role of restorative justice. The event comprised papers by:
    • Tim Chapman (University of Ulster);
    • Dr Kerry Clamp (University of Nottingham) and
    • Dr Nick Blagden (NTU), drawing on the theme of empowerment within criminal justice.

The colloquium concluded with a book launch by David O’Mahony (Essex) and Jonathan Doak of their recent publication, Reimagining Restorative Justice: Agency and Accountability in the Criminal Process (Hart 2017).

Research outputs

  • Helen Hall and Javier Garcia Oliva, Religion, Law and the Constitution: Balancing Beliefs in Britain (Routledge 2017)
  • Jonathan Doak and David O’Mahony Reimagining Restorative Justice: Agency and Accountability in the Criminal process (Hart 2017)
  • Beth Chadwick, ‘In Faint Praise of the Derogating Will:  The UK, ECHR derogation, and Smith v MOD ((2017) Nottingham  Law Journal (with K Samuel).
  • Emma Ireton, ‘The Grenfell Tower public inquiry: managing expectations’ (2017) Solicitors Journal 277-298
  • Emma Ireton ‘How Public is the Public Inquiry’ (2018) Public Law
  • Jeremy Robson, A fair hearing? The use of voice identification parades in criminal investigations in England and Wales (2017) Criminal Law Review 36-50
  • Jonathan Doak and M Coen, ‘Embedding Explained Jury Verdicts in the English Criminal Trial’ (2017) Legal Studies 37(3)
  • Jonathan Doak ‘Stalking the State: the state as a stakeholder in post-conflict restorative justice’ in K Clamp (ed) Restorative Justice in Transitional Settings (2016 Taylor and Francis)
  • Clayton Ó Néill, (2017), ‘Jehovah’s Witnesses and the Refusal of Blood Transfusions: an analysis of the European Human Rights Regime and the particular context of English Medical Law’ European Journal of Health Law 24, 1-22
  • Tom Lewis ‘At the deep end of the pool: religious offence the margin of appreciation before the European Court of Human Rights’ in, A Koltay and J Temperman (eds) Blasphemy and Freedom of Expression: Comparative, Theoretical and Historical Reflections after the Charlie Hebdo Massacre (2017 CUP)
  • Tom Lewis ‘Empathy and Human Rights: the Case of Religious Dress’, (2017) Human Rights Law Review (with P Cumper).

Impact, esteem and external engagement

  • Loretta Trickett was recruited to be part of a research team with Nottingham University and the Arts Council on Social Exclusion and engagement with the arts. Loretta is the Criminologist on this project and the amount awarded to NTU is £20,000.  Bid successful.
  • Andrea Nicholson is Co-I on an ESRC funded project ´Modern Slavery: Meaning and Measurement’, and co-I on the fieldwork research team for the EU Fundamental Rights Agency project on Severe Labour Exploitation – Foreign Worker´s Perspectives: SELEX II (February 2017-September 2017). As part of the UK team, Andrea’s role is to advise on participant consent, information sheets and interview questions, and conduct individual interviews with survivors and carry out two focus groups.
  • Andrea Nicholson, together with Dr. Alexander Trautrims, University of Nottingham, and Caron Boulghassoul from The Nottingham Arimathea Trust,  provided written evidence to the DWP Select Committee inquiry into support for victims of modern slavery (December 2016)
  • School seed-corn funding of £4,000 has been awarded to CRJ members Mark Chadwick, Lydia Davies-Bright and Davig Ong, to develop a project investigating the intersection of the UN Sustainable Development Goals with international law, with a particular focus on gender equality, and particularly in post-conflict societies.
  • Professor Jonathan Doak recently delivered a keynote address to the Disability Justice Place Symposium organised by the Attorney General’s Department in Adelaide, South Australia and met with a groups of policymakers to discuss ways of improving the experiences of vulnerable people within the criminal justice system. Jonathan also delivered a seminar on victim participation in criminal justice at the ACT Legislative Assembly in Canberra and participated in a panel discussion on the application of human rights to victims of crime at Griffith University in Brisbane.
  • Tom Lewis has been invited to act as peer reviewer for the British Academy for their interdisciplinary research funding call, The Humanities and Social Sciences Tackling the UK’s International Challenges to review applications under the theme of Justice, Rights and Equality, one of the four key themes under the programme.
  • Andrea Nicholson has been awarded a one-year, fully-funded, (£73,000) Visiting Research Fellowship at the Rights Lab, University of Nottingham.  The Rights Lab, launched on 22 June 2017, is home to the world’s leading contemporary slavery experts and is engaged in large-scale research projects for ending slavery.

2016

Events

  • The Nottingham Law Journal 2016 contained papers from the CRJ/Centre for Advocacy  2015 Conference, Perspectives on the Islamic Veil. Contributors included Tom Lewis, Prof Eva Brems (Ghent), Prof Jill Marshall (Leicester), Felicity Gerry QC (Charles Darwin University), Samantha Knights (Matrix Chambers), Jeremy Robson (NLS Centre for Advocacy) and Yasmin Alibhai-Brown (journalist/social commentator).
  • The Centre has resumed its series of  lunchtime research forums, giving opportunities to new and established research CRJ members to test their research ideas.  Recent forums have included:
    • 1 November 2016, David Barrett:  'The Anti-Radicalisation Prevent Duty and the Right to Education: Reconciling the Irreconcilable?'
    • 6 November 2016, Elyse Wakelin:  ‘Minority Right Protections in Contemporary Europe: The Double Standards between Member State and Candidate Country Obligations’
    • 23 November 2016, Clay O’Neill ‘Jehovah's Witnesses and the Refusal of Blood Transfusions: a Gewirthian analysis’
    • 1 February, Elspeth Berry 2017, ‘All you ever wanted to know about Brexit but never dared ask’
  • The Centre has started running a series of seminars in which staff present their research in accessible ways, aimed at undergraduate students. The first was by Helen Hall: ‘Exorcism and the Law’ held appropriately on Halloween, 31 October, 2016
  • On 12 December 2016 the Centre hosted the Human Rights and Religion: Flashpoints conference.  The event attracted 35 external delegates, plus many more from NTU – both staff and students. Speakers from as far afield as the USA, Canada, Quatar and  Spain.  The papers were stimulating, thought provoking and rigorous and the atmosphere was informal and friendly.  Several papers be published in a forthcoming issue of the Nottingham Law Journal. Special thanks should be extended to the co-organizer Dr Helen Hall, who (due to the medically enforced absence of Tom Lewis) coped admirably with several unforeseeable technical problems on the day such that these were barely noticed by attendees.  Excellent feedback, coupled with a good network of contacts have led the organisers to consider holding the event in 2017.

Papers presented were as follows:

  • Brigitte Clark (Oxford Brookes University) - An Intricate Balancing Exercise? Reconciling the Parental Rights of Religious Minorities with the Rights and ‘Welfare’ of the Child’
  • Maria Moscati, Nuno Ferreira (University of Sussex) - Children’s religious freedom in the UK: reading the Begum decision from a children’s rights perspective
  • Irene Briones (University of Complutense, Madrid) Ritual Circumcision: Religious reasons and cultural traditions
  • Magdalena Butrymowicz (Pontifical University of John Paul II, Krakow) - Every child has rights, no matter who they are, where they live or what they believe in
  • Jacob Clinton (NTU) - Satire v Religion: Battlegrounds or Common Grounds?
  • Suzana Ibisi (Keele) - Regulation of Religious Symbols in the EU Public Space. A Comparative Analysis of Belgium, Italy, England, and France.
  • Jeremy Robson (NTU) - Seen but not heard - The Niqaab in Court proceedings.
  • Irene Zempi (NTU) - The effects of the French veil ban on veiled Muslim women in the UK: A thematic analysis
  • Erich Hou, Ruth Gaffney-Rhys, Clare Lewis (University of South Wales) - ‘Get A Room!’ - Paradigm Shift in Bull v Hall
  • Andreas Yiannaros (University of Bedfordshire) - Religious freedom and non-discrimination: An explosive mix of rights?
  • Rajnaara Akhtar (De Montfort University) - Unregistered Marriages in Human Rights Discourse
  • Erica Howard (Middlesex University) - Is there a right not to be offended?
  • Mark Coen (University College Dublin) - An Irish Solution to an Irish Problem: Reform of the Religious Ethos Exemption in Employment Equality Law
  • David Pollock (British Humanist Association)- The Government’s Two Faces on Religious Discrimination in Voluntary Aided Schools – A Legal Anomaly
  • Robert Blitt (University of Tennessee) - The Rights to Non-discrimination and Equality Viewed from the Organization for Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
  • Diana Ginn (Dalhousie University, Canada) - Human Rights Law, Religion and Employment in Canada: the bona fide occupational requirement, and accommodation to the point of undue hardship
  • Khurshid Sana Khan - Importance of Synergy between Women-Friendly Legislation and Shelter Homes for Ending Violence against Women in Pakistan
  • Ivie Betty Erhahon (Council for Arts and Culture, Nigeria)- Oath-Taking, Unwholesome Burial And Widowhood Practices: Punitive Measures Under The Guise Of Cultural Practices In South-South Nigeria
  • Amin Al-Astewani (Lancaster University) - Religious Communities and Joint-Governance: The Case of the Muslim Arbitration Tribunal and the Arbitration Act 1996

Research outputs

  • David Ong, ‘A Bridge Too Far? Assessing the Prospects
for International Environmental Law to Resolve the South China Sea Disputes’ (2015) 22 International Journal on Minority and Group Rights, 578-597.
  • Helen Hall, ‘Exorcism, Religious Freedom and Consent, the Devil is in the Detail’ has been published in the (2016) 80(4) Journal of Criminal Law.
  • Simon Boyes, ‘Sport in Court:  Assessing judicial scrutiny of sports governing bodies’ (2016) Public Law 362-381
  • Vasileios Adamidis, Character Evidence in the Courts of Classical Athens (Routledge 2016)
  • Luigi Daniele, ‘Disputing the indisputable: Genocide Denial and Freedom of Expression in Perincek v Switzerland’ (2016) 25 Nottingham Law Journal 151-151
  • Lydia Davies-Bright, ‘Terrorism: a threat to security?’ in M Footer, J Schmidt, N White and L Davies-Bright (eds) Security and international law (Hart 2016) 207–248.
  • Emma Ireton, ‘The ministerial power to set up a public inquiry: issues of transparency and accountability’ (2016) 67(2) Northern Ireland Legal Quarterly 209-229
  • Loretta Trickett, ‘Birds and Sluts: Views on young women from the boys in the gang’ (2016) International Review of Victimology 25-44

Impact, esteem and external engagement

  • Cat Sjolin-Knight won the prize for the best conference paper at the 4th International Conference on Law, Regulation and Public Policy, in Singapore, for her co-authored paper on ‘G20 Gender Equality Targets and sexual exploitation’.
  • Cat also acted as Junior Counsel in the recent Supreme Court hearing on joint enterprise: R v Jogee, and has appeared on Radio 4s Today program, discussing this issue.
  • Andrea Nicholson just been awarded £5,000 from the AHRC funded Anti-Slavery Usable Past project to carry out interviews with survivors of slavery which will be made available on their digital archive.
  • Andrea Nicholson has a successful bid for £17,000 to the ESRC for her PhD research into modern day forms of slavery and slave narratives.
  • Loretta Trickett has been working closely with the police on hate crime in helping to develop new policing strategies. See: ‘Hate Crime Training of Police Officers in Nottingham: A critical review’.
  • She has been interviewed by about her work on hate crime by inter alia, the Radio 4’s Woman’s Hour, BBC2s Victoria Derbyshire Show, and the Observer.

2015

Events

Human Rights, Law and Religion: Perspectives on the Islamic Face Veil (seminar)

On 30 March 2015 the Centre for Conflict, Rights and Justice, in collaboration with the NLS Centre for Advocacy, hosted the Perspectives on the Islamic Face Veil seminar, which explored some of the legal and human rights issues surrounding the Islamic face veil – the niqab and the burqa.

The seminar aimed to provide a forum for those with different views and perspectives to engage in the debate in a supportive and collaborative atmosphere. Eight speakers spoke from a range of perspectives over the course of three themed sessions. The day was a great success, demonstrating that even controversial issues can be debated fully and frankly while maintaining respect for opposing views. Visit our news page to read more about this event.

Presentations and speakers

Slides from presentations can be found below:

2014

Events

Sporting Justice (conference)

On the 28 March 2014 the Centre hosted a one-day conference around the theme of sporting justice. The conference was the second event to be run by the Centre, following on from last year's highly successful conference, 'Legal Perspectives on the Victim', which launched the Centre.The Sporting Justice conference was free to attend and explored a range of sporting themes, in the context of the values encompassed in the notion of justice, including – but not limited to – equality, fairness, integrity, and ethics.

2013

News

Launch of the Centre for Conflict, Rights and Justice

The 19 December 2013 saw the official launch event of the Law School's Centre for Conflict, Rights and Justice, marked by a daytime symposium, Legal Perspectives on the Victim, and an evening reception. The symposium attracted 50 delegates ranging from academics, practitioners, members of NGOs, and a pleasing number of NLS students. They were treated to a fascinating range of papers by academics and practitioners from across the UK and from as far afield as Spain and South Africa on topics such as human rights, stalking, hate crime, restorative justice, and the environment. Excellent papers were delivered by our own Samantha Pegg, Loretta Trickett and David Ong, and by our PhD students Helen Measures and Anna Waistnage. The keynote address, by Professor Sandra Walklate of Liverpool University, 'Victims' Trauma and Testimony' provided a thought-provoking analysis of victimhood in the early 21st Century. Many of the papers will be published in a special issue of the Nottingham Law Journal in 2013.

The official launch of the Centre took place in the evening with a generous and amusing opening address by His Honour Judge Michael Stokes QC, and presentations to the winners of the student essay and poster competitions, Matthew Caples and Ross Lancaster. Food, wine, piano music and sparkling conversation ensued. (The conversation, it has to be said, grew yet more sparkling with the quantity of wine consumed!)

All in all this was a great kick-off for the Centre, and a great way to finish 2012. Many thanks to all those who helped, and to our generous sponsors, OUP, Paragon Law, Geldards Solicitors, Ashgate, and Pearson.

Nottingham Law Journal

Nottingham Law School publishes the Nottingham Law Journal. The journal was founded in 1977 (as the Trent Law Journal), changing to its current title in 1992. It is peer-reviewed and normally published annually.

Read our current edition and find out how to contribute

Research Outputs

These have included:

  • Vasileios Adamidis, ‘Democracy, populism, and the rule of law: A reconsideration of their interconnectedness’ (2021) Politics;
  • Vasileios Adamidis, ‘Populism and the Rule of Recognition: Challenging the Foundations of Democratic Legal Systems’ (2021) 4(1) Populism;
  • Loretta Trickett and Louise Mullany, ‘The Language of “Misogyny Hate Crime”: Politics, Policy and Policing’ (2020) Professional Communication:
  • Jonathan Doak (with Iliadis, M., Smith), ‘Independent separate legal representation for rape complainants in adversarial systems: Lessons from Northern Ireland’, Journal of Law & Society
  • Seema Patel ‘Gaps in the Protection of Athletes Gender Rights in Sport- A Regulatory Riddle, International Sports Law Journal
  • Helen O’Nions ‘No place called Home. The Banishment of “Foreign Criminals” in the Public Interest.  A Wrong without Redress’(2020) 9(4) Laws
  • Emma Ireton (with Peter Watkin Jones, Isabelle Mitchell and Sarah Jones), The Practical Guide to Public Inquiries, (Hart 2020).
  • Ralph Henham, 'The 2020 White Paper on sentencing: a missed opportunity for reform' (2021) 5 Crim. L. R.
  • Tom Lewis, ‘Religion, Belief and the European Court of Human Rights’, in G Davie and L Leustean (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Europe (OUP 2021)

Impact, Esteem and External Engagement

Collaboration

Key publications include:

Related staff

Related projects

Mapping the Changing Face of Cross-Examination

This is a collaborative three year research project funded by the Nuffield Foundation between the University of Nottingham (UoN) and Nottingham Trent University (NTU) exploring the changing nature of cross-examination in times of change and uncertainty. The research team will map the precise nature and extent of ongoing changes to criminal advocacy, to identify specific issues and problems, and to develop appropriate solutions. As the first study of its kind, the project not only analyses how new approaches towards cross-examination are producing change on the ground, but is also designed to make a real difference in terms of effecting cultural change within the legal profession to the questioning of vulnerable witnesses.

The project is led by Professor John Jackson in the School of Law (University of Nottingham). Co-Investigators are Professor Jonathan Doak of the CRJ Nottingham Law School (Nottingham Trent University), Dr Candida Saunders in the School of Law (University of Nottingham) and Dr David Wright, a linguist in the School of Arts and Humanities (Nottingham Trent University).

Longitudinal Evaluation of Hope Projects (West Midlands)

The Hope Projects seek to provide desperately needed support to asylum seekers.  This Longitudinal Evaluation in collaboration with NUT’s Schools of Social Sciences and Psychology seeks to contribute to the evidence base on the effectiveness of  legal advice in overturning flawed asylum decisions and cases of asylum eviction, and to inform improvements during, and subsequent to, the five-year period of funding. Crucial research questions include: How effective is Hope’s legal advice service in progressing the legal cases of individuals subject to flawed asylum decisions and in promoting clients’ understanding of their legal case and what they can do to progress it?; and to what extent is the legal service effective in improving clients’ material circumstances, in particular in helping clients avoid destitution and street homelessness and secure sustainable forms of statutory support?

The team comprises the CRJ’s Helen O’Nions, Tom Vickers (Social Sciences) and Blerina Kellezi (Psychology).

Policing and Hate Crime

Loretta Trickett has conducted empirical research projects - the Policing of Hate Crime in Nottinghamshire and the Evaluation of the Nottinghamshire Police Misogyny Policy - which have transformed the design, content and implementation of national and local hate crime training for policing staff as well as informing the development and adaptation of Police Risk Assessment tools in Nottingham, the East Midlands Region and Wales (Dyfed and Powys Police).  In a Joint Evaluation of the Nottinghamshire Police Misogyny Policy with Professor Louise Mullany of Nottingham University, it was found that women in Nottingham felt that they were specifically targeted for harassment and abuse on the basis of their gendered identity and it was recommended that ‘gender’ should be included as an additional legal category of hate crime and that Police training should also be recalibrated to reflect the intersectional nature of harassment. This research has played a pivotal role in the Law Commission's consultation for extension of hate crime laws in England and Wales and also directly influenced the parliamentary debates relating to the Voyeurism (Offences) (No 2) Bill and amendments to the Domestic Abuse Bill. Working with James Walker at NTU the researchers have produced a comic on street harassment based on their findings which documents the extent and impact on women and girls,  available to use within schools, colleges and universities.

New and Emerging Communities 

Loretta has also worked on The New and Emerging Communities Project (Police and Crime Commissioner Nottingham).  This project sought to help the police and the community safety partnership access and understand the levels of engagement with new and emergent communities in the city and the county.  Working with Amanda Hanson (NLS PhD candidate) Loretta conducted empirical work with migrants and refugees on their notions of identity, community, community cohesion and engagement with the police and other public service providers.  The subsequent report provided valuable information on the respondent's past experiences of policing  which have led to a more informed understanding of how organisations can engage with newer residents and encourage them to report crime and anti-social behaviour.  Loretta worked with James Walker NTU to provide a graphic novel based on the research findings which can be used as an educational resource to tackle prejudice against minority groups.

Human Rights through Boardgames – Brave New World

Helen Hall and Tom Lewis, in collaboration with Javier Garcia Oliva (University of Manchester)  have developed a role-playing boardgame – Brave New World –  that teaches players - through role-play and dialogue - basic principles of human rights, equality, toleration and constitutions.  Different versions of  the board-game, in which the players step into the shoes of a character very different to themselves, and attempt to maximise their individual happiness, include a fantasy planet inhabited by ‘goblins’ of different races and world-views, and an early 17th century New England colony. The game draws on the designer’s research in human rights, freedom of religion, toleration and empathy.  Brave New World has been played extensively in primary and secondary schools across England and Wales, and also in Europe and South America. The team has recently won funding from the Aspect Consortium to develop and promote the game, including the design and production of a digital version. In addition to their work with schools the team are collaborating with several museums including the National Civil War Centre, Newark, and the Plimoth Plantation Museum, Massachusetts.  In 2020 Brave New World won the Bronze medal (non-digital games) at the 8th International Educational Games Competition.