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Centre for Economics, Policy and Public Management

Unit(s) of assessment: Business and Management Studies

Research theme: Health and Wellbeing

School: Nottingham Business School


The Centre for Economics, Policy and Public Management (CEPPM), within Nottingham Business School (NBS), brings together research being undertaken on policy issues concerning public management across the whole public sector (at international, national, regional and local scales), public and emergency services, economics consultancy, and applied economics. Collectively, the members of CEPPM contribute to the full range of research activities in NBS, including a significant number of research outputs of internationally excellent and world-leading quality and several Impact Case Studies, reflecting members’ long-established interest in applied and inter-disciplinary research.

CEPPM research is underpinned by continuing success in obtaining external research funding. Recent awards include €4mn for a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network on Positive Energy Districts (Professor Rob Ackrill and Dr Eleni Stathopoulou, with Dr Kostas Galanakis (PI) and Dr Nestor Valero-Silva from NBS, leading an extensive network of academic partners and non-academic beneficiaries across Europe); and £350k from the DFID Global Integrity Anti-Corruption Evidence programme, to study International anti-corruption laws and local social norms: Interactions and implications for policy (Professor Thorsten Chmura, with colleagues from the University of Nottingham, University of Sussex, and City University of London).

Members of CEPPM are also engaged in the supervision of doctoral students, both full and part-time, who are researching topics that reflect the full range of subgroups within CEPPM. These students include both PhDs and DBAs (Doctor of Business Administration), the latter reflecting and further reinforcing the practitioner focus of and connection with the research undertaken within the Centre.

The Centre embodies the University's commitment to providing research and scholarship with positive impact aligned with the University's social purpose. Members of CEPPM have extensive networks of associates, visiting scholars and collaborators across academic and practitioner communities. These associates contribute both to outputs and to influence in academia and the public sector. The Centre is keen to include colleagues (distinguished and new) who are interested in the Centre's scholarly activity, either to enhance their teaching and learning or to promote and strengthen relations with practice as well as to participate in theoretical and applied research.

Centre Purpose

To support and promote research and impact into the theory and practice of public policy, public management and applied economics. The purpose of CEPPM is to:

  • Provide a focus for the scholarly activities and a distinctive research identity for economics, public management, policy and governance research within NBS.
  • Provide a catalyst for organisational, staff and curriculum development in economic, public policy management and service delivery.
  • Generate interest and financial support for research and other scholarly activity in economics, public policy and management.
  • Promote, disseminate and support the research of members, their collaborators and associates.
  • Facilitate the creation of public value and optimise the social impact and influence of the research and activities of its members.
  • Facilitate interdisciplinary collaborations, within NBS, across Nottingham Trent University and in the wider academic community interested in the theory and practice of economics, public policy and management.

To achieve these aims, CEPPM brings together distinct, but mutually reinforcing, research interests in public policy, public management and applied economics research; economics consultancy, contract research and training; betting research; and political forecasting. Its objectives include:

  • To promote individual and collaborative research at all stages of individuals’ careers
  • To grow research capacity in these areas, by engaging more colleagues in research and through recruitment of researchers, including Research Assistants and Fellows.
  • To facilitate research activity through external grant capture, consultancy and contract research
  • To promote both the academic and societal impact of research

Research publications

Recent publications (This is just a small indicative selection. Full details of all CEPPM members' publications can be found on the Institutional Repository of Nottingham Trent University)


  • Abdo, H. and Ackrill, R. (2021) On-Farm Anaerobic Digestion: a disaggregated analysis of the policy challenges for greater uptake. Energy Policy, 153, 112258. DOI:
  • Lim. K. and Zhang, S. 2021. ‘Optimal fiscal management in an economy with resource revenue-financed government linked companies’, International Journal of Finance and Economics, 1-24.DOI: 10.1002/ijfe.2533.
  • Huggins, R. and Thompson, P. 2021. A Behavioural Theory of Economic Development: The Uneven Evolution of Cities and Regions, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Adetutu, M.O. and Stathopoulou, E. 2021. Information asymmetry in voluntary environmental agreements: theory and evidence from UK climate change agreements. Oxford Economic Papers, 73, 644-670.2020


  • Bakas, D. and Makhlouf, Y. 2020. Can the Insider-Outsider Theory Explain Unemployment Hysteresis in OECD Countries? Oxford Economic Papers, 72, 149-163.
  • Collins, A., Cox, C. and Marire, J. 2020. On the judicial annulment of the 'domestic' trade moratorium in South African rhinoceros horn: a law and economics perspective. European Journal of Law and Economics, 49, 361-372.
  • Mahabir, A., Fan, J. and Mullings, R. 2020. Does the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) impact EU-15 imports from Africa? Journal of Economic Studies, 47, 1155-1180.
  • Murphy, P., Lakoma, K., Eckersley, P. and Glennon, R. 2020. Rebuilding the Fire and Rescue Services: Policy delivery and Assurance. Bingley: Emerald.
  • Stack, M.M. and Bliss, M. 2020. EU economic integration agreements, Brexit and trade. Review of World Economics, 156, 443-473.
  • Vaughan Williams, L., Liu, C., Dixon, L. and Gerrard, H. 2020. How well do Elo-based ratings predict professional tennis matches? Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports. DOI: 10.1515/jqas-2019-0110.


  • Collins, A. McKenzie, J. and Vaughan Williams, L. 2019. When is a talent contest not a talent contest? Sequential performance bias in expert evaluation. Economics Letters, 177, pp. 94-98.
  • Eckersley, P. and Tobin, P. 2019. The impact of austerity on policy capacity in local government. Policy & Politics, 47, 455-472.
  • Murphy, P., Ferry, L., Glennon. R, and Greenhalgh, K. 2019. Public Service Accountability: rekindling a debate. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Huggins, R. and Thompson, P. 2019. The behavioural foundations of urban and regional development: culture, psychology and agency. Journal of Economic Geography, 19, 121-146.

Related projects

Pete Murphy is leading programmes of research which consists of interdependent or related research projects around three broad areas of the public sector. The first focuses on central and local government, the second on Health and Social Care and the third on the Emergency Services of Police, Ambulance and Fire and Rescue Services. Each project investigates policy development, service delivery and the accountability and assurance provided to stakeholders, particularly the public.

These research programmes are supported by external links with many key stakeholders and collaborators. NBS has developed a long-term collaborative partnership embracing teaching, research, knowledge transfer and consultancy services with the Fire and Rescue Sector and its key national institutions (such as the Fire Sector Federation, the National Fire Chiefs Council, and the All Party Parliamentary Group) as well as the local Fire and Rescue Services and the Fire Authorities. The Health and Social Care Research Team has multiple projects that involve collaborations across all of the Nottingham and Nottinghamshire NHS Trusts and the County and District Local Authorities. This helps them to contribute research and consultancy, evaluation advice and engagement to real time practical initiatives.

Will Rossiter is leading NBS engagement with the Midlands Engine. This includes contributing to the monthly reports monitoring the impact of Covid on the region’s economy (available here), and the October 2020 State of the Region report (available here). Further details of the Centre’s local economy research can be found here.

Leighton Vaughan Williams leads the Centre’s research on betting and political forecasting, via the Betting Research Unit (see here) and the Political Forecasting Unit. He has been an expert witness on gambling in national and international courts of law, as well as before the House of Commons/House of Lords and the Competition and Markets Authority. He has also correctly called the winner of every state in the 2004, 2008, 2012 and (with one exception) the 2016 US Presidential elections, as well as the vast majority of congressional and primary elections.

Within the Department of Economics, there is a strong research programme built around trade and investment, with recent outputs from Ackrill, Amissah, Bakas, Collins, Ebireri, Fan, Lim, Liu, Makhlouf, Mahabir, Morris, Mullings, Stack, Thompson, Weisser and Zang.

The Centre is also developing a strong profile in Energy, Environment and Resources, through the work of, from Economics, Ackrill, Arntsen, Bakas, Bickerton, Ebireri, Makhlouf, Stathopoulou; and, from the Management Department, Galanakis and Zhang. This work provides a strong link with the Responsible and Sustainable Business Lab in NBS.

CEPPM members Eleni Stathopoulou and Rob Ackrill are key research leads in the €4million EU-funded Marie Skłodowska-Curie Innovative Training Network Smart-BEEjS ‘Smart Value Generation by Building Efficiency and Energy Justice for Sustainable Living’. Project details are available here.

Will Rossiter is working with Daniel King (co-leader, NBS Centre of People, Work and Organizational Practice) and colleagues in NBS and partners on a (£430k) ESRC-funded project to investigate the impact of Covid 19 on the delivery of social care services by voluntary organisations in the UK. This work involves close collaboration with a range of voluntary providers as well as with the sector representative body the National Council for Voluntary Organisations (NCVO). Details here.

Rob Ackrill is co-investigator on a (£50k) British Academy project, working with colleagues from De Montfort University and the University of Lagos to investigate ‘Inclusive Poverty Reduction: in search of a policy framework to support individuals operating in the informal economy in Lagos, Nigeria (details here).

Pete Murphy, Peter Eckersley and Katarzyna Lakoma are working on a group of interrelated projects investigating how policy development service delivery and public assurance can be improved in relation to emergency services. The programme has generated Impact Case Studies for both the 2014 and the 2021 Research Excellence Framework.

Michael Hewitt, David Candon, Yu-Ling Liu-Smith and Pete Murphy are collaborating with the local NHS on the development of new Integrated Care Systems for Health and Social Care, that is currently being rolled out across the country.

Leighton Vaughan Williams has been central to the radical development of gambling taxation policy at a national and international level over the last 20 years. He has worked in a senior advisory role to government departments, and the Gambling Commission, in the UK, and collaborated with research institutions around the world. In work for HM Customs and Excise (HMCE) – now HM Revenue and Customs – Vaughan Williams originally and seminally demonstrated that a gross profits system of taxation (GPT) would result in lower prices for consumers and higher turnover for UK betting operators. than would the existing tax structure levied on bettors’ stakes. The new system was also shown to be optimal in terms of efficiency, equity and the long-term protection of tax revenues. GPT-based taxation for betting led to a near doubling in UK betting tax revenue, to c. £3 billion a year, between April 2013 and end-March 2019, including machine revenue rising from c. £500 million to c. £720 million p.a.

An international team from five Japanese Universities, led by Professor Ishihara from Kwansei Gakuin University and Chairman of CIPFA (Japan), is collaborating with a team from NBS and researchers from Birmingham, Oxford, MMU and Cardiff Business Schools, on a project entitled “The UK Public Audit and Inspection Regime - Implications for Japanese Governments' Fiscal Democracy”. The NBS team includes Pete Murphy, Martin Jones, Katarzyna Lakoma and Bernard Kofi Dom. This is a 6-year project studying the performance management and audit regime for local authorities developed by the Audit Commission, between 2001 to 2010. The intention is to transfer UK historical knowledge and evaluate the potential for such a regime in Japan. It is sponsored by the Japanese Government with the co-operation of CIPFA and CIPFA (Japan) and, (COVID-19-permitting), will include a major programme of regular two-way exchanges of staff.

Members of CEPPM also work closely with the other Research Centres within NBS. A few examples include:

  • Sarah Pass and the Engage for Success project. with the Centre for People, Work and Organizational Practice.
  • Will Rossiter’s work on how Covid has impacted social care provision by voluntary organisations, with the Centre for People, Work and Organizational Practice.
  • Martin Jones, Peter Eckersley, Pete Murphy, Kasia Lakoma and Bernard Kofi Dom all work with the Accounting and Finance Research Group.
  • Thorsten Chmura, who leads the Centre for Behavioural Science.

The work linking the ‘Energy, Environment and Resources’ research theme in CEPPM and the Responsible and Sustainable Business Lab includes a strong focus on sustainable mobility. As part of this, Rob Ackrill and Dr Michael Zhang, from the Centre for International Business, Strategy and Decisions, are co-Editors-in-Chief of a new journal called Sustainable Mobility, published by Sciendo, an imprint of de Gruyter (details here).

The journal Economic Issues is hosted in the Department of Economics. Its Editor-in-Chief is Vaughan Williams (details here).